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.pa '65-437ii. / 






In‘ conclusion^ •CONSLEY stated the records of the York Corpora- 
tlon would not reflect the whereabouts of NICOLLS diur^lng 1935 *' 


- 



i'sn-"'. 





REFKRHED UPON COMPLETION TO THE OFFICE OF ORIGIN - 








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'^;y^' -rw^- ^ • Administrative Page ' ' '.' 




In order to comply with Instructions set forth In Bulet dated 
10/29/51# this report Is being submitted. 




■j 


..However* the Newark office has not advised whether correspond 
• enpe -covering; t^s Investigation .has-been located. ; ; ' v.. 

:•_ ;■ '.. ^i.'‘ A :.y • ..f r. ; .' ••■•.. v 

,' The 'Philadelphia of flee has reviewed 'the:followirig pertinent 
files ih‘ an effort to locate 'the previous investigation in ' 
this matter: 


" ,f . ' 


iV *-i' 

';r‘' 


•SCOTT FLJEKING NICOLL 
THOMAS L. BLACK 
FERDINAND 

*• 4 . -,• - 

»* « f 

* » .V“" ^ -Yi-* ;r Sk'* '' * V 




p 


, . . 


ND P *' HELLER ' < ^ ^ ^ T '* ^ ' 


f .- 4*^- ' v*- ' “* * it '1 ^ *•*• ^ '* * r ^ ‘ • « 

‘ '.YERA .KANE.-^^.-V-H^ 


UNSU3, wa NIC OILS 

• ^ ■' 

However* no record was located. 




REFERENCE: Bulets, dated 6/llf/5l ' and . 10/29/51. 

V' r* ♦7'»> * » *4* * ■ > 4-1 * * 









# (f 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


‘ Form Ko. 1 

■ THIS CASS ORIGINATED AT 


mmas. 



MIIOO rOR WHICH MADE RSTOirr MADE BY 




tnjiUJOWN SUBJECTi va« fiiehols 
East IMthex>ford, Hew Jersey 


CHARACTER or CASE 


i:JSPIOHAO£ - H 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTS: 


DiTAlLSi 


PhSayiUkSD ?. BOXER StAtee AKltiUil HlCiiOba, A 
truck L^river wrdio employed at Franco- Aiaer lean 
Cbestieal Co*« Corlatadt^ II. J. KIC .-OLS had - 
acoesfl to unly routine niatorlul r.ormally avail- 
able to truck drivers* UXChCls left Franoo- 
Ar.erloan in 1932* In 1935 BIG iOLS vac on adjus- 
ter with an Inauranoe riztc* RICECXS is not a 
tochrXcal inant only a hlghaehool graduate* At 
York« ya*« J« C* COKSLl'i^ Viee-?reaic'ent« York 
Corporation* states engineero of flm were In 
the field in 1935 eonduotlng reaearoh studios 
and oxperiTT.cnta. ECOTT FirX'iWG .Nl'vOLL* an . 
engineer with this firxo* had done research work 
in air. conditioning in and around Kow York City 
in 1935 * stated on cony visits to 

RXCOXX^o home* he has never seen a laioroacope* - 
BICOLL had aa a hobby* boat-building* COBULiT 
also stated records of York Corporation would 
not reflect the whereabouts of BXCOLL in 19j5* 


H i) C 


At Philadelphia. Pennsylrani) 






PHX^IBAKD uUXFR on Beptember 26* 1951 advised that AHliiCu liluTioLS 
rather then BlOiiuLAH had been a follow OTsployeo at iraneo-Amvrlean 


AP!pROVED ANO 
rORWARDEO: 


SrcciAt. AaxMT 


DO NOT WRITS IN THESE 8RACCS 



(65-59395) ' 

3 hbwaril (65-4116) 

1 RfM XQiSi (info* 65-15474) 
FHIL/iD!.L?lIlA (65^1374) 


PROPEHTY OF FBI-THIS COMFIDENTIAl lEPOBF ANO ITS CON TENTS ARE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI ARD ABE NOT TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE OF 
AGENCY TO WHICH LOANED. 

a, eevouiar sanrvue 0WK> le— 


I'WTr ■ ns’ji 








Office ^ etno^^dutn • united stX®s government 


TO I 




SUBJECT: 


Director, FBI (65-59395) 


SAC, Newark (65-lill6) 


UNKNOIVN SUBJECT, wa. Nlchola. 
East Ruth^ord, New Jersey; 
THOMAS L^LACK - Informant; 
ESPIONAGE - R 


DATBi 1J16/51 


Re Pittsburgh let to Bureau, August 13, 1951, "ith copy tb 

It is requested that the Pittsburgh Office submit the infojr- 
mation contained in referenced let in report form^ copies designated for 
the Bureau and Newark* / . . ^ 

/A 


BET:KWF 


CC - Pittsburgh (65-lii53) 




«EC0f<DED-U4 ' 
<«0£X£0-1M . 




NOV 2;i .^>1 - n 








2 A £ mc ^ nduf?l • -united si;^s government 


TO I Directar, FHT (65-59395) 


DATS: November 20» 1951 


it 




„ ,.-OM 1 SAC, Newark <65-1116) 

Q(^ } 

SUBJECT: UNKNOWN SUBJECT, wa.j^Qldiolfi. 
Ea8.t_Rutberford »_ New Je rsey 
THOMAS L*>^CK - INFOIWANr' 
ESPIONABE - R 


Rebulet to Philadelphia 10/29/51. 


Review of Newark file a fails to reflect receipt of any. 
oeamianication from Philadelphia in coverage of leads set out in Bulet 

o 


of June lU, 1951* 


BETtHUT 




.0 


RECORDS) - 114 [ A5-^f39S 


INDEXED • IW f; 




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Imi'i t imkim 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


FiormNo. X * 

This case ^iginatso at . 


miiiSK 


I 


RSPOJir MAOS AT 


NEWARK 


OATS WH8N MAOS 

n/i6/sx 


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UNKNCWN SUBJECT, wa.'^ichole. 
East Ruth^ford, New Jerseyi - 
fflOMAS L^UCK - Inforinant 


SYNORSIS or FACTS: ' 


mttoo FOR 


RtPORT MAOS SY 



BLAKE E* 3imm 


30,31f 11/1*6/$ **' **“ 


ESPIONAGE - R 


■-.•T 


t.. 

1 " 
1 y, 


Details; 


''' ''' Background obtained and eet out on WILLIAN 

and SAMJEL NICHOLE, Rutherford, New Jersey, who 
are apparently not identical with the Unknown 
Subject, No information available on J« B» 
NICHOLS, whose name listed in 193U to 1936 
.... telephone directories, Neighbors recall only a 
. HRS. NICHOLS living at the address listed for ■ 

. J. B. NICHOLS in 1935-1936. W. A. NICHOLS, - 
V ■ r ^ > 231; Feronla Way, Rutherford, reportedly a . " ' 

‘ ' ■'•brother of ANNA NICH0I5, who has resided at ' 

230 Union Avenue, Rutherford, since before 
1925* W. W. NICHOLS erployed as a draftsman at 
. . LUMUUS COMPANY, Bayonne, New Jersey, wLth 

headquarters in New York City, and reportedly 
>• i. resided 230 Union Avenue,' RuthM^ord, New y 
Jersey prior to 1939* *• ' ^ 

APFRC?:?UTF. AGENCIES ’ ‘ - r - -.- - ^ 

AND FIELD OFFICES 

ADVISED L7 ROUTIKC ?♦ ' ' 

DATE ichlR f ^^7 - . 1: 


• V, / 

S—f 





COFIE3 OSSTROYBD 
^ NOV 23 1980 


Ihe following individuals named NICHOLS, because 
of their residence in Rutherford, New Jersey in 
1935, and their enployments as indicated in 
the city directory, were identified as reflected 
below to determine whether they could be identical 
with the Unknown Subject* / 


rsoopnrifcJ by J 
* fVP 


&.r 


APPROVED AND 
FORWARDED: 


. . , . COF 1 E 8 OF THIB REFOfrr ' 

S^Burectt (65-59395) ^ 

1 New York (Info. ) . , 

.'(65-15U7U) ■■ 

1 Washington Field (Info.) 





iA 0 ^ mi X A XaM 


■ 










N 


NK |5-Jai6 


W^ICHOLS 

A 


1* WARD 

230 Uni'on Avenue 
Rutherford, New Jersey 

Ihe 1931 Rutherford City Directory lists the above 
individual aa an architectural engineer at Long Island^ New fork* 


3he 1950 Passai^BergSR Ccunties Telephone Directory 
for Rutherford lists a MISS A. J^^fuCHOLS at instant address. 

In the 193C^1931 and 19lj6 Rutherford City Directory, 
a MISS ANNA J^vNICHOLS is shown at instant address and described as a 
stenographer and notary public in New York* 




MRS* CHARLES LI£BENSBER(2R, 220 Onion Avenue, Rutherford, 
New Jersey, stated that she has resided at this address since 1925 except 
for the period from 19ijl-19l47* She stated that she knew of one ANNA NIQiOLS 
and her mother (first name unknown), ^o have resided at 230 Union Avenue, 
Rutherford since prior to 1925* MPS^QlICHOLS was apparently a widow at that 
time, and has never remarried* She And her unmarried dau^ter, ANNA^ICKOLS, 
comDute daily to New York City where they are both employed in unknown 
capacities* ‘ 


MRS* LIEBENSBER(2R stated that they have been renting 
the second floor at Instant address since before 1925, and the properly is 
now owned by EIWOOD S* NEW, 6 Ames Avenue, Rutherford, New Jersey* She 
further advised that MRS* NICHOLS is very elderly, and that ANNA, her 
daughter, is middle-aged* 

, ■ ^ ■ ‘ She further advised that 1^* NICHOLS has a son, whose 

name she believes is WARD W. NICHOLS, who resides at 23U Feronia Way, 
Rutherford* She could furnish no further information regarding WARDi^CHOLS 
except that she believes he formerly livedvdth his mother and sis tei/ prior to 
1939* 


' ' ' ' MRS* LIEBENSBERGER added that she considers the entire 

family to be loyal Americans* 

ItvWill be noted that the 1951 telephone directory for 
Rutherford lists a W. w^l^ICHOLS at 23U Feronia Way, Rutherford, New 

1 ■ me 19U6 Rutherford City Directory lists a-. WILLIAM W. 

^ICHOIS, wife MILLICE NT. C**yat instant address, and his occupation is r^lected 
^eTan'^gineer in New Yo^ij^y A/ / C H 0 ^ ^ >/ •,!, 


NK 65-Iill6- 


I 


■ 


On October 30, 195l> Neirark Confidential Inforinant 1^1, 
of known reliability, advised that W. IV. NICHOLS, 23U Mountain Way, Rutlierford, 
New Jersey, has rented property at Instant address since August 29, 1939, end 
is eiqployed as a draftsman by the LUUMUS COMPANY. 


The Mew Jersey Industrial Directory for 19^9 lists the 
• LOMMUS COMPANY at fast Third Street and Hobart Avenue, Bayonne, Mew Jersey, 

, with headquarters at li20 Lexington Avenue, New York City* The eoiQjany is 
described as a petroleum refinery and chemical equipment designing establisb- 
ment, idiose manager is W. J. BLOOMEB* 


2* J. b:)^CHQLS 

318 Montross Avenue 
Rutherford, New Jersey 

* *■ * 

' ' ' ' This individual was listed in the 193U, 1935 and 1936 

telephone directories for Rutherford at the above address* 

JAMES A* NIXON, present occupant of 318 Montross Avenue, 
Rutherford, stated that he has resided here for the past ten years* He 
purchased a. house at this address ifrom an individual vho has since left New 
Jersey, and whose address he does not know* 

‘ : He recalled that a woman school teacher named NICH0I£ 

formerly resided at this address prior to 19hl, but could famish no further 
V information concerning her* ^ ■ 

MR. NIXON added that after he purchased the house, he_ 
continued to receive mall for some time addressed to MRS* J* 
which came from Madison Square Garden, New York City,' and apparently pertained 
. to various sporting events* NIXON finally wrote on one such communication the 
words ■’Not here any more”, returned it, and thereafter received no more such 
mall* 

. NHON sUted that he understood that MRS. NICHOLS had 

roomed here alone* He was unable to advise who owned Instant house in 

lS>35o 


CHARLES and IILEANOR HILLMAN, 295 Montross Avenue, Ruther- 
ford, advised that they have resided here continuously since 1920* They 
recalled that a MRS. J. B. NICHOLS and her ten-year old son resided at 318 
Montross Avenue, .top floor, for about two years in 1935-1936. They stated . * 
MRS. NICHOLS was apparently separated or divorced from her husband, since he 
did not live there, and they never saw him at the house* 


- 3 




■ •‘T.y" ■' ■ •'■ ' •- 

l!he HILLMANS stated that MRS. NICHOLS was related in some way to the BUTLER 
family who formerly o«nied a large grocery chain* 

The HILLMANS advised that they do not know MRS. NICHOLS' 
present location or where she went from here, and added that no 
other ..present residents of the neighborhood were living here as far back as 

...J- . • • V-'? -:-' r \ ‘ 

•• •• V : ■; ^ . 

3. ■■ WILLIAl^ICHOLS, or • ' • - " * ' 

WILUAii rif^CHOLS y 

96 Meadow ^oad _ . . . 

Rutherford, New Jersey 


71 ? 


!niis individual is listed in the 1930-1931 and 19U6 city directories* 
His occupation is. given as "laboratory", and his wife's name as EMMA* 


Road. ' 


Current telephone directory lists a W*'mIICK 0LS at 96 Meadow 






The records of the Passaic-Bergen Credit Bureau, Paterson, New 
Jersey, reviewed by Special Agent John R. Lyons, 10/11/51, contained a report 
on WILLIAM NICHOLS, 96 Meadow Road, Rutherford, New Jersey, which reflected 
the .following information} ^ 

On March 12, 1935* the Hackensack, New Jersey Water Compare 
entered suit against NICHOLS for. $6*22 in the Hackensack, New Jersey District 
Court* .3*. . • ‘ 

- > ' On i/io/U2, he was employed' by the Sanitation Department, • ^ 
Borough of Rutherford, As of ll/8/li8, he was employed at the SCOTT EXPRESS^ 
COMPANY of Rutherford, On 12/8/1x9, he was employed by the BELL CONTAINER 
CORPOPJITION . (no city indicated). As of 5/2li/5l, he was reportedly enployed 
at the BENDIX AVIATION COMPANY, Teterboro, New Jersey* 

NICHOLS' file contained records of numerous suits and Judg- 
ments against him* 

Newark Confidential Informant T-2, a representative of another 
Government agency, advised on 10/23/51, that WILLIAM NICHOLS, 96 Meadow Road, 
Rutherford, New Jersey, is a negro who has resided at instant address for 
many years* Informant added that NICH0I3 has held many different odd Jobs 
locally and is not well educated* • 


•• *• 


/ 






MK ^Iai6 • 

j| t, ‘ ^ *' . ■ . 

■'■I-''-';-'*’'- ■ ‘ ' ' 

' Records of the Credit Depertment, SEARS j ROEBUCK & COUPANY^ 
Passaic, Mew Jersey, reflected that as of 6/25/it9| WILLIAM NICHOLS, a negro 
residing at 96 Meadow Road^ Rutherford, New Jersey, was enployed at the 
/ BELL CONTAINER CORPORATION, Rutherford* Prior to that tine, NICHOLS had 
been enployed for 15 years by SCOTT EXPRESS, Meadow Road, Rutherford, New 
Jersey*... - 

NICHOLS was said to be 39 years of age (in 19U9), was 
married,’- had three dependents, and had lived at instant address for ei^teen . 
years. • • / ■ ' • ‘ 

In view of the above information, WILLIAM NICHOLS is no longer 
being considered as a suspect in this case* 

li* S. Wj^i^imOLS, or .. . ' ' ■ ' ' 

SAMJEW^OIB 
.71* Mea^w Road 

■ • Rutherford, New jersey l . ' • ■ ' ’ 

The above Individual is listed in the 193li*’1935 and current 
telephone directories* 

Confidential Informant T>2 advised that SAMJEL NICHOLS, 

' -7li Meadow Road, Rutherford, is a negro, aged 77 years, who formerly worked in 
the postal s^tea in New York City for over 25 years and is now retired* 

In view of the above information, this individual is no longer 
being considered ^ a suspect in this case* 







s 






* t I 


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P E N B I N G 




/ 1 n 


^ 9 

k 

NK^lai6. , . ■ 

''-J i . ■ - . , . 

f . . ■ • ADMINISTRATIVE PAGE 


CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANTS 
T-1 



T ' r* 


T-2 ' 




; (■^o-iuade this inf.oriDation available 
■ ' to SE DONALD F. PRESTON, 10/30/5l 
and 11/V51*) 


7c) 

ce 

Rutherford, New Jersey 
. (who furnished this information 
• to SA BT*AKE E, TURNUt on 



10/23/51) 




LEADS 

' NEWARK ■ ^ ‘ ' .... 

At Bayonne, New Jersey: • 

Will secure all available background Information regarding . 
W. W« • NICHOLS f^on enployment records. of the, LUMUUS COMPAI^, Bayonne, New, 

At Union City, New Jersey: 

Will review employment records of MERKEL & COMPANY regarding 
background information on GUSTAVE N» NICHOLSON* 



**♦**«■ 

A copy of this report has been designated for New York for 
information in view of the possibility of further Investigation in that 

vicinity* • _ ^ : ... - . 

‘ ■ ■ • • ■■ ■ " * ■ ’ . 

A copy of this report has been designated for the Washington 
Field Office for information in view of their pending investigation of PAUL .. 


k* 6 


9 


9 


NIC 65-1016 

r ■ 


AIMNISTRAIUVE (Continued) 


•t'i ^ . 


X. 


PETERSON, the Soviet superior of HiOUAS L* BLACK, the informant in this 
case* 


REFERENCE 


Report of SA BLAKE E« lURNIR, Newark, 8/li(/5l. 













ja-';rr.c.-n 

WW& id I^LlVil 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


FonnNo.V«' . *'* 

THIS CASE OniOINATKD AT ' 


HEKARK 


UKKltOCm SUBJECT* va* Nichole* 
Eaat Rutherford, How Jeree 7 | 
mOUAS I. BLACK • .mfonaant 




RSPORTIAADB AT ^ 

OATS WHEN IAA 08 

NERARK 

11A6/51 



30 * 31 | 11 / 1 * 6 / > 1 ha«actsii or CASE 

ESPIONAGE • R 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTTB: 


Beok:^ouad obtained end set out on TtlLLlAH 
and SAtflJEL NICHOLS* Rutherford* New Jersey* idio 
ere apoarcntly not identical «rith the Unknown 
Subject* .Uo information avail ble on J* B. 
KICHC^* whose name listed in 1931* to 1936 
tel^hone dlreotoriee* Neighbors recall only a 
VFlS, NICHOLS living at the address listed for 
J. B. NICHOLS in 1935-1936. W. A. hICMOLS* 

23k Feronia Hay* Rutherford* reportedly a 
brother of ANNA NICHOLS, who has resldsd at • 
230 Union Avenue* Rutherford* since before 
1925» h. W. NICHOLS employed as a draftsman at 
LOnuS COHPANT, Bayonne* New Jer8ey*vd.th 
headquarters in New York City, and reportedly 
resided 230 Union Avenue* Kutherford* Hew 
Jersey prior to 1939* 


Details I 


APPROVED AND 
FORWARDED! 


The following in^vldu^e named UICHCLS, because 
of their residence in Rutherford, New Jersey in 
1935* and their enploymenta aa indicated in 
the city directory* were identified as reflected 
below to determine whether they could be Identical 
with the Unknown Subject* 

BECLA»IFlffi) BY 


Dpscul aaemt 

tN CMAROE 


DO MOT WRITS IN THESE SPACS8 


copies or THIS RflFOffT 


SJ^eau (65-59395) 

1 Hew York (Info*) 

(6$.l5U7li) 

1 fiaahington Field (info*) 
3 Newark (6!>-l;ll6) 


■ PROPERTY 

OF FBI 

This conhdentifll 

report anfl its 

rontontK lire loiine 


Klil nnd Hre not t 

1 he dii^trihuted 

outside of agency i 

o which loaned. 









Ojjice NLemo ^ im • united ^ government 


TO : DIR5ET0R, FBI (65-59395) 

V 

PROM I SAC, PHILADELPHIA (65-li37ij) 

r 

SUBJBCTj i-UN™O.VN SUBJECT 
. wdUJfichols 

’ East Rutherford, New Jersey 
THOHAS L." TL'.CK — DIFCRHAOT 
ESPIONAGE — il 


DATE: l/3/5>-/ 


■ ..'/-I 


4.-\rK 

J ■ 




•• Eelmlet'datedf 1 ^ 7 / 51 . . ' - ^ -’Xr' !; >L:Vi • •. 

. '* ■ * * ' ■ ' . . * . ♦ - > ‘ 

..‘Tbe^inatter .listed' in, refer enced'Bulet was discussed with the Agent 

%’to whom the'* case was assigned. He has a recollection that a rough 
draft was prepared and that the interviar vdth PE!U)I>'AI.T3 P^^.iffiLLER 
had been handled sometime during August 1951. 

However, a search of pertinent files have failed to reflect that the 
rough draft in question had ever been transcribed. By the same token 
it was not possible to locate a record of transcription of the earlier 
investigation, in the stenographic pool. ' ■ ^ . 

■ d”. . , • - ^ 

Accordingly it is believed that this matter can be resolved as not 
having been transcribed prior to the Philadelphia report . ' dated 
November IL, 1951. 


t 






FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 




Voxm Wo. IT'"-' 

THIS CASE ORiatNATED AT 


NBtTARK 









MPORTMAaiAT 


m-iAPX 


DATE WHEN MAM 


VtL/52 


PERIOD FOR 
WHICH MAOS ^ . 

Ir7l5; 11/26/53; 


REFomr MADE er 


CHARACTER or CASS 


'■■■ * UNKNO'.JN, SUBJECT; was, Nichols, East Rutherford, 

I-IASV: 


■'.ESPIONAGE - N . 


CK. INFORMANT 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: 


r 


)ETAILS: 




QC A 

ii# ^ 'A 


Background obto.lned and set out on GUSTAVE 
NICIiOLSOM, 134 Orch?rd St., Eost Rutherford, N. J., _ 
who apparently is not identical viith ithc unknown — 

subject. Employment records Lummus Co. Labs, 

• . Bayonne, N. J. ,^iled to reflect employment of . 

'v- 'v, ' W. W. NICHOLS. IIMAN NICHOLS, • HI Vreeland Aye. , = - - 

Vy-,.\ ■ 'Nutlegr, N. J., self-employed at residence, producing . 

optical, ocular and micrometer tools. 

V •; ; . - - •. ' ■ <• .■••■'.•V-.V •; J.f..., ;.-4 V- 

- .-P. 

The following investigation was conducted to determine if 
any of the persons hereafter set out may be identical with 
V. . : : the unknown subject in. this case: 

' ‘ ' APPROPRIATE AGENCIES 

GUSTAVeTmCHOLSON - - " AHD FIELD OFFICES ' 'J 

V V ',' ■ 134 Orchard St, - • ' ' ADVISED BY MUIIHG riny 

' '.'-' Eost Rutherford. N. J. ''' pp 

■■ DAI S 

'^e records of -Uie'Cr^it Bureau of Nor'SrjBr.sey, lUnion City 
N.' J. , contained a renort'‘dated'''7/23/41' concerning' GUSTAVE'"''' 
^*^OTCHOLSON,J^d.fe^y^^JAlp:, which reflects thatmCHOLSON 
'^^was employed at that time by the Merkel Butchers, 4507'"'”'''* 
Bergenline Ave., Union City, K. J. . 

These records contained a further reoort on HICHOLSON dated 


A- j COPIES DESTROY^' 
y ? « 12 NOV SJa 19®. 


1^/11/49, indicating that his residence ^ra.s the same and his 

“employment \as Merkel, Inc,, 287 Central Ave,, Jersey /City, 
icn T .tf udio. j , ^ yv 


by 


riv?Mv 



/f ^ ‘ ■ 

l' 5 4 Bureau (65-59395) ' ' 

“1 - New York (info, 65-15474) 
1 - WFO (info> “ 









.i:.* t* i 


65-4116* V. ^ i*. , - . ,* . , 1 

.^♦i? - ‘^ . ^;* -* ■ V .3 v ‘ ^ ^ V : 

• “ .'V^VThe reports reflect that- NICHOLSON in 1949 was fifty years of ago, ' 
married, with two children. He had resided at 134 Orchard St., East Rutherford, 
N. J. , for 13 years and had been employed for over ten years by Merkel, Inc, 

At the time of the last ’/eport, he was employed as store manager in Union City, 

N. J. 




^.v ■' .Investigation reflects that GUSTAVE NICHOLSON is presently emp.Tcpyod as 

a store manager of store Merkel,' Inc., 4507 Bergenline Ave. , -Ui^on City, ■ r* 
Instant' store is. a .combined grocery .and meat .market, . - - " ‘W‘“ :-r 

■ ■ ‘ In view of the above’ information concerning GUSTAVE NICHOLSON, he is’ 

no longer being considered as a' suspect in this case, ... 

wTvrjitHCHOLS , 

231 Mountain Way 

Rutherford, N. J. . . ‘ 


r- 


' I ' ' Mr. GECRGE MOLHANE, Office l-Ianager, Lummus Laboratories, East Third St,, 

^and Hobart Ave., Bayonne, N. J. , advised that his company has no employee named 
W.' W. ’ NICHOLS. MOLHANE also contacted the New York office of ' instant company ‘ “ 
and learned that W. VT. NICHOLS is not emoloyed there. 


He -further advised that the records of former employees contained no 
mention of W. W. NICHOLS and stated that he personally has been employed by the 
.company. for. twelve years and has never known anyone by. the name of VI. W. NICHOLS. 

' ' J ■ Newark Confidential Informant T-1, of known reliability, advised that VIARD^ 

WILLIA M or' WILLIAM \RTOqiICH OLS resides at 234 Mountain Kay, Rutherford, N. J., 
"wKire”he has resided ^i'nM"l94’7. He lives in a one family house; is married; has 
two children, age 12 and 8. NICHOLS' occupation is unknovm to but.he h^ted 
he is undoubtedly a professional man. . ' ’ T . . - 




ELY described him as approximately 40 years of age and stated he is 
regarded as a loyal and reputable man. 


LYMANp^HOLS- 
111 l^eeland Ave. 

Nutley, N. J. 

Records of the Credit BurStt^of Greater Newark, Inc., Newark, N. J. , 
reflect a report dated 7/40 fo ^ LYI -IAH/NlCHOLS, an inventor-scientist, who resided 
at 111 Vreeland Ave., Nutley, N. jT^NICJHOIS was married, wife's name INEZ G., 
and tod two children, age 10 and 14» as of the date of the report. . fC^- 

■ ■ ‘ . The report reflected that NICHOLS tod previously been employed as a ■ 

consulting engineer, but at the date of the report was maintaining a couplets - 


afe/'-' 


- 2 - 


9 9 

NK. 65-4116 u-tu* 

; '~ laboratory In his hoaDe> where he experimented and produced optical, ocular, and 
• micrometer tools. He was described as a scientist of the "Old School". 


*. . The report in'?icated that IfICHOLS had done work for the Newark, N. J, ’ 

,■-* Police Department Laboratory, the New York Police Department, and the N. J. State 
Police. He has also worked for CHARLES ENGLEKARD, Inc,, 233 Railroad Ave., Newark, 
^-;.^.N. -J., ; . 

1 . .* /yi--.. .. , - 'r s, 

•.jx;,,;-:-.' ■ ^ report, dated 7/44, it was stated that NICHOLS was doing work for ‘ 

• : the "Government", engraving on glass. ‘ ' 

’ ' . 

The above records were checked by SE GEC'RGE F. BRADFIEIX). 


A check of the records of the I'lentification Division of the H. J, .State 
Police, Trenton, N. J., by SE GEORGE L. KRAUS, failed to reflect any information 
concerning lYMAN NICHOLS. 


f r «.- * 
















PENDING 




. •< 





Ty\ 

ft 








L- 


§ 


9 


NK. 65-4116 


i ^ 


ADKIWI STRATI TO PAGE 


LEADS 


liBMRK OFFICE 


■ -V, 


AT PATERSON. N. J. ■ 


•-. c-‘ 


Will check the records of the Paterson, N. J. Credit ^Hiroau far ' 
additional information on WILLIAM W. NICHOIS, wife MILLICE3'IT, listed as civil 
engineer, 234 Feronia Way, Rutherford, N. J, 

♦ - - - . , 

AT RUTHERjCRJ). N. J . 

Will conduct additional investigation to develop background information 
- on WARD WILLIAM or WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS, 234 Moiptain Way. 

AT NEWARK. N. .-J. . 5 

/ Will review the emnloyment records of Charles Englehard, Inc,, 

233 /llailroad Ave., to obtain backCi'ound information on IIKAN NICHOLS, 111 Vreeland 
Av^., Nutley-, N. J. 


INFORMANT 


T-l is S. Rutherford, N. J, 






REFERENCE; Report of SA BUKE E. TURNER, dated 11/16/51, at Newark, 

Report of SA WILLIAM R. YATES, dated 9/19/51, at New York. 



FEDERALT BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


* ' FdTmKo.1 * ‘ ^ 

■ ‘ THIS CASS ORiaiHAT^AT ‘ HBJARK 




RCPORTliADCAT , 


mum 


OATV WHEN MADt PERIOD POR I 

WHICH kAAOS 

4Ay52 


ROORT MADE BY 


CMARACTBR OF CASS 


miKNtX'IN SUBJECT; was, KlcholSf East Butberf^id^ 

N. J. .. ESPIONAGE - R 

THOMAS L, BUCK, INFORMANT - - I . -. . . . 


■ • ■: . 1 - , -r *'' - ■ Y . » - -i..;; -. 2 :^* -‘'t'. -Vi i : 

SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: ‘ “ .• •';■ ■■■•■ - ,-6 i 

.. , •••: . -Background- obtained and set oat on GUSTAVE ' ' ^ 

NICHOLSON, 134 Orchard St., East Rutherford, H, J,, , 
who apparently Is not identical with the -unknown 
subject, Ehq^loymcnt records Lusnsus Co, Labs, 

Bayonne, N, J, , Ailed to reflect employment of 
W. W. NICHOLS. UMAN NICHOLS, 111 Vreeland Aye., 

•, Nutl^, N, J, , self-employed at residence, producing ' * 
optical, ocular and xolcrometcr tools, • 


. •'It ' \ ?V> ^ -‘. V V- \ Vr > ^ 


DETAILS f 


- P - 


The following investigation was conducted to determine if 
any of the persons hereafter set out may be identical with 
the unknown subject in this eaaet 




GUSTAVE NICHOLSON 
' 134 Orchard St, 

• East Rutherford. N. J, 


DECLASSn 

OBOhSl 


[JDBY' 


The records of -the Credit Bureau of North .Jersey, Union Ci-ty, 
J, ,' con-tained a report dated 7/23/41 concerning GUSTAVE 
NICHOLSON, wife EMIUL JANE, which reflects that NICEOISON ' ' 
was employed at that time by the Merkel Butchers, 4507 
Bergenllne Ave. , Union City, N, J. 

\ 

■ These records contained a fur-ther report on NICHOLSON dated 
10/11/49, indicating that his residence was the sane his 
enqiloymant tas Merkel, Inc., 287 Central Ave., Jersey Cl-ty, 

N. J, 


APPROVED AND 
FORWARDED: 


B^cciAu Aanwr 
tN Chaims 


00 NOT WRITE IN THESE SPACES 


OOFIES OF THIS REPOIIT . 


5 .- Bureau (65-59395) 

1 - New lork. (info, 65-154745 
1 - WPO (info) 

3 - Newark ’ (65-4116) 






Office • united sta^ government 


TO t DIRBCT3R, FBI (65-59395) (Reg. liail) 




.* SAC, NEWARK 

- t 


(65-D.16) 


- Yubjbct: unknown SURIECT; Was., Nichols 

, y . J East Rutf^ford, N. J. 

^7 * THOI.lAS'lr^t^CK, INFORUANT 

. ESPI'DNAGE 



/ -4 


Re: Report of SA STUART E. CHALIFOUX, li/ll/52, Newark, N. J, C7 '^T — 

It ?rill be noted ofe^in the above captioned report there was ■ 
indicated that one V». V/^ MICNQLS, who resides at 23li M^ntain Way, \ /' Zi / 
Rutherford, New Jersey, might possibly be identical witB*;^Jnknown Subjg»x f: ^ 
•in this case. Investigation reflects that WAIID Y/ILLIALI li)Ki^lS, 23y/'T* 
Mountain Way, Rutherford, N. J. attended Penn State at College Station, 
Pennsylvania. NICHOLS' occupation is unknown, however, he is described 
as approximately hO years of age. 

The Philadelphia Office is requested to conduct appropriate investigation 
at Penn State University to obtain complete background information on the 
subject as well -as any information that may be in the University Files 
concerning his employment following his graduation from the University, 


cc - Philadelphia (65-l437b) (Reg. Mail) 
SEC: aip 


§. I. ft, 



‘ # 

I 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 




Farm No. 1 

This case originated at NEWARK 


ROOIITAAAfiCAT 

DATS WHEN 

KAIOD FOR WHICH MADS 

RSPOirr MAOS SY 


’ , 

MAOS 


- 


FHILAIELFHXA 

6/26/52 

6 / 16/52 

ALFRED F. HELIEBERG 

(nac' 


CNASIACm or CASE 


. “——^NICHOLS, East Rutherford, N« J.i 
<; IHOM&S L. BUCK, Informant 


ESPIONACaE - R 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: 


WmiAM TttRD NICHDI5, bom 3/6/OJi ' 
at Neir York. He graduated l^cm 
Pennsylvania State College 6/12/26 
T»ith B. S« Degree in Architectural 
Engineering* Altimni records reflect 
NICHOLS has been en^loyed by RCA, 
Riverhead, Long Island; Turner Con- 
struction Company, New York City; 
and County Treasurer’s Office, Ad- •_ 
m i ni stration Building, Hackensack, 

H. J. 


- RDC - 


. KCLisa: 

01 Of I « 


i 


DETAIISj At State CoUege, Pa* 0 I.0j>Sj7g ^ 

State College, 

made available records indicating T/HLIAM HARDr NIC HOIS, born March 6, 190U, at 
Hew York, attended Pennsylvania State Colie^ from September 23, 192ii to June 
12, 192 a, receiving a B*S* Degree In Architectural Engineering. At the t.-tmA of 
his matriculation, he listed his home address as 63ih Me Calium Street, Phila— ~ 
.daiphia, and his parent .as Mrs* E, H. NICHOLS, of the same address* He 
indicated he had graduated from the Rutherford Hi^ School, Rutherford, N. J* 

It is noted that the place of birth was indicated as simply New York and it is 
not knoTOi whether this is the State of New York or the city of Hew York. There 
was no additional information contained in the records of the Recorder’s Office* 














.1 


.b-r*:-'- 





IB 65^71* 

'.: I . . . ■ ■ • •■ • ' 

ROSS I£HMAN, Alumni Seerei«zy, made available the records of his 
office reflecting that WELLIAM WARD NICHOLS' last known address was 326 
Walter Avenue*, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J« This address was obtained by the 
Alumni Office on June 6, 1936. NICHOLS' address on February 13, 1929, was 
indicated to be 230 Union Avenue, Rutherford, N. J. NICHOLS' employment on 
June 6, 1936, was indicated to be idth the County Treasurer's Office, Ad- 
ministration Building, Hackensack, N. J. Previous to this he had been emplcy- 
ed by the Radio Corporation of America as an inspector at Riverhead, Long 
Tsland, and toe Turner Coristruction Ccmpaay, 1:20 Lezington Avenue, .New York 
City, as a clerk* There was no additional information contained in the records 
of the Alumni Office* 


It is noted that tho name in the records of both the Recorder's Office 
and the Alumni Office was WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS rather than WARD WILLIAM NICHOLS. 



, At Philadelphia, Pa* 


Ihe indices of the Philadelphia Office contain no information oon- 
, ceming WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS* . , ‘ , 


. REFERRED UPON CCMPLETION TO THE OFFICE OF ORIGIN - 

• t'. ■ 











(f 


cf 


re -65-1071* 

; . V 


AttfINISTRATIVE PAGE 


The advisability of setting out additional leads or conducting 
' more Inyestigation re V/ILLIAU WUID NICHOI£ is being left to the discretion 
of the office of origin. 

r- ' V . . 

- ' •• - — •■s ^ ^ . 1 ' ' 

* A _»-• , ‘ ' • * *T % t „ ^*1 ’ * ‘r » »• *1 . • . 1 • ■ ■ , 

r,. :v\/ w * *:V* ’'•'v ‘ 

‘‘•V. * ; . . 7 * ■ i ‘"t* ‘ • - -t • .•’'vTv.*.!*- ‘ ■: v->.’ ■ , • . . ‘ 

yi-kCA'-- ^ * * . 'J-J,: \ \v V ' ‘ - ' - V ‘ 


REFERENCE: 


Newark ietter to Bureau^ dated 




** '■* ^ “ " * . *,'.** 

- * * 

» ■ i H ^ » . .f V. , - “ f ■ ^ , 











I iTlA 






i> ' i:i < 


BATCWKCM 




V-W - 








“ v Vi - . . j, . 

- ■ « ■- KCH^IS, Eoi iDthnfard^ ■• #*| '* ^ 

TKJilAS t« BiJWS, Xnf«nrtBt - •- ‘ " 1 ' 










3 y t*»i 


APntOVCPAflO 

POUWAJtDtZk 




DO NOT witm m ivness I 




s 








i/-Borett 

t - phiUdaipJiU C65-li)7V 






ftOftm or FBI-TMIS COiriDEITUl tEfOIT AID ITS COITEITS ABE LOAlED TO YOU tY THE FU AID AIE lOT TO BE OtSTIlBUTED OUTSIDE; 

MtiCYlowHieHwma . ^ JBfullfm'apl I' r ill ,ftriTrifTUl 














(WO-tO) 




FEDERAL>BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

ft •rt AtJ flSlllZ^^saamaam^ 


A 


FORM Mo. t 

THIS CASK ORiaiNATVD AT 


NBiARK 


RKftPRT MAOS AT 


OATS MHIN 
WADE 


ftCRlOD FOR WHICH MAOS RSftORT MAOS RY 


NEWARK 


7 / 23/52 7/8*10,11, STUART E. CHALIPOUX ddm 


CHARACTER OF CASS 


.NICHOLS, East ■Rutherford, N.J . ; ESPIONAGE - R 

THOMAS L.'-^BLACK, InTormaSt 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: 


A/. • A 7 

//.j -• ■ 


Records Pennsylvania State College, State 

T.i’rTTTMk^r ? A W\ Tv7T/^tIATQ 

OOXXt:*gCf A »VXJLJAJ^V&'A IX^'AU^ 'Ai 

graduated 1928 with a degree In Architectural 
Engineering, Prior to 1938 was eiaployed by 
RCA, Rlverhead, Long Island and Turner 
Construction Co,, Ij.20 Lexington Ave., New York, - 
LYK/iN NICHOIS presently residing Cherry Hurst, 
Port Collins, Colorado, Acqiaaintance advises 
LYMAN NICHOLS resided Nutley, N.J. at least 20 
years, V/as self-en^jloyed at residence and 
allegedly worked on Government contract making 
i-bombsight parts during VJorld War II, Employment 
records Charles Englehard Co., Nev/ark, Tailed 
to reflect lYMAN NICHOLS ever employed. 


DETAILS: 


- p - i0&ji9!mosr 

o»Ct/M 7 « i 


V/ILLLAM V/ARE^NICHOLS 


'PR IPRIATEASBin 

C J lELD 0F7ICXS 

*'i ;ed BYaouiiira 

'P S) 


'K 


n Date of Birth: 

R 12 Nuv 19S0 Parent: 


..Investigation by the Philadelphia Office at - ! 
Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa,,' 
has developed the following background lnfort;s.,tlGn 
on WILLIAM IvARD NICHOLS, 23 I 4 . Mountain Way, ' I - 
“-■Rutherford, II. J.; ^ 


?lFh School Attended! 


AFFROVCD AND 
FDRWAROEOi 


SPECIAL AGENT 
IN CHARGE 


3 / 6 / 04 , New York 

MTS. 

NICHOLS 

Rutherford High 
00 NorSal^elifs^Iiu^iherf ord , 


/ "5 .-bureau (65-5^^) (REG. MA IL) J 
Denver (Rj^j. MAIL) 

2 - New York (65-15474) (R3G. MAIL) 
1 - Washington Pield (Info,) ^TUT" 




• uT7rn7*F» 

— 




,^^0PERTY OF-^Bl — ^This confidential report and its contents are loarited to you by the FBI and are not to be 
^ Y ''Af l(^ f ,0 1Ar<* distributed outside of agency to which loaned. 


g. •. aofoaaw niHTiaa emca tt— •0017-1 



§ 


§ 


NK 65-4116 


• 


Attended: 


Einployinent following 
graduation: 


Residences: 

C 




LYMARVUICHOLS 


N.J. 

Pennsylvania State College 
9/23/2k to 6/12/28, 
graduated with 6S Degree 
In Arch! tec tiiral 
Engineering. 

Prior to 1936 

Radio Corporation of America, 
Rlverhead, Long Island, - 
inspect or I 

Turner Construction Co., 

420 Lexington Ave., New York, 
clerk; 

1936 

Coimty Treasurer* s Office, 
Administration Building, 
Hackensack, N.J. 

1924 - 

6334 McCallum St., Philadelphia, 

pa. 

1929 - 

230 union Ave. , Rutherf crd, 

N.J. 

1936 - 

326 Ivalter Ave., Easbrouck 
Heights, N.J. 




Newark Confidential Informant T-1, a representative of 
another Government agency, advised that LYMAN NICHOLS 
formerly resided at 111 vreeland Ave., Nut ley, N.J. and moved"'’~ 
to Cherry Hurst, Fort Collins, Colorado in December 1951* 

T-1 stated that LYMAN NICBDLS was unknown to him 
personally; however, he advised that he believed that NICHOLS 
had resided in Nutley, N.J. at least 20 years* 

7C 

Detective Bureau, Nutley, N.J. Police 
Department, advTseacnatne had been casually acquainted with 
LYMAN NICHOLS. He stated that NICHOLS had resided in Nutley 
for at least 20 years to his knowledge and he believed that 
during that period he had always been self-enQ>loyed at his 
residence. ", 

1C^ . - 

_ stated that to the beat of his knowledge, NICHOLS 

was an engineer or scientist of some sort since he had a 


2 


BK 65-14.116 

l&boratory In his home* He stated that this Tact had cone to 
his attention during V/orld Vi/ar II when L^AN NICHOLS had 
contacted the Police Departiient and requested t hat they check. 
his house periodically during the nigh t Inasmuc h as he was 
doing secret work for the Government. fl^Hl^^dvlsed that 
he later heard that the Government work Involved had to do 
with bombslghts or bombslght lenses. However, he was never 
able to ascertain exactly what It was as NICHOLS would allow 
no one in his laboratory nor would he ever make any 
statements concerning the exact natiire of his work. 

He said that NICHOLS was a very quiet and rather aloof 
indlvldvial who apparently had few close friends In spite of ^ 
the fact that he resided In Nutley for some 20 years. 

He pointed out that up until 19147 there had been no other 
houses within a block of the NICHOLS* residence and that after 
that period the only persons who had been residing in the 
vicinity had 'lived in a large apartment project vhich had been 
buil^Qi^n^perty sold to the company by NICKOLS. In view of * 
thls^Pmft was unable to furnish the names of any persons whoy^ 
might^Sveoeen acquainted with LXMAN NICHOLS* ^ 

V/lth regard to the above Information It Is noted that a 
previous check of the records of the Credit Bureau of Greater 
Newark, Inc., 2 I 4 Branford Place, Newark, N.J. , reflected that 
in 1944 LIKA.N NICHOLS was reported to be doing work for the 
"Government" engraving on glass. 

As i^as previously reported the records of the Credit Bureau 
of Greater Newark, Inc. Indicated that LfMAN NICHOLS had at — 

one time been enployed by Charles Englehard Inc., Newark, N.J. 

Kr. JOHN EREMER, Charles Englehard Inc., (precision 
Instruments), 850 Passaic Ave., Newark, N.J., advised that the 
employment records of the conpany failed to reflect that 
LfMAN NICHOLS had ever been regularly employed by that conpany. 

He stated however that it was possible that NICHOLS might 
have been e^^)loyed in a consultant capacity at one time since 
no records are maintained on persons employed In such a 
capacity. 

With reference to the above, it is noted that the Nutley 
City Directories for 1944 to date indicate that LYMAN NICHOLS 
Is a consulting engineer. 


IK 65-4116 
S. Ti^ICHOLS 

m the course of another investigation conducted by this. 
Office, it was ascertained that in 1943 one S. A. NICHOLS was 
employed by the B« F* Sturtevant Corp* (a division of 
V^estlnghouse Electric Co«), 1060 Broad St,, Newark, N,J., in 
the capacity of engineer. 


- P - 




4 


9 9 


JJK 65-4116 

ADMINISTRATIVE PAGi; ‘ 

One copy of this report Is being furnished to the 
Vasbington Field Office for information piirposes inasmuch as 
that office is handling investigation of PAX^M^TERSENwho vas 
the Soviet siQ>erior of Informant THOMAS L. BL/lulC* 

For the information of the Denver Office THOMAS L. BLACK, I 

an admitted Soviet espionage agent, has advised that he was : 

Instructed by his superior PAUL PETiIRSEN in 1935 locate ' 

one NICHOLS (phonetic) in East Rutherford, N.J. and 

reestablish contact with him* PElERSid)! described NICHOIS 

as a metallurgist and a graduate of Massachusetts Institute ^ 
of Technology, who had previously given valuable information'" 
to the Soviets, 

It is BLACK* S recollection that PETERSEN told him that | 

NICHOLS had a hobby of microscopy and may have ‘ 

tutored Russian students at MIT, | 

To date investigation has failed to reflect that any 
graduate of MIT named NICHOLS has ever resided in East 
Rutherford, N.J, 

In addition it is noted that Mr, IRVING BANNER, Secretary 
of the Ne'w York Microscopical Society, has advised that lYMAM - 

NICHOLS has been an active raem!.^er of that society for the I 

last 10 years and is very interested in micrometer data, ^ 

EfMAN NICHOLS is described as being aoproximately 55 to . 

60 years of age, 5* 7% 160 pounds and has -very sharp featuresv:^_:l-'3-J 

m conducting their investigation, the Denver Office ' 

is requested to obtain detailed information if possible | 

concerning LYMAN NICHOLS* employment and residence prior to 
1935 since that is the pertinent period in this investigation, 

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANT 




NK 65-4116 

i ADMINISTOATIVE PAGE COIITINUjiD 

LEADS 

DENVER OFFICE 

At Fort Collins, Colorado 

Will conduct appropriate investigation to determine if 
LYMAN NICHOLS who Is presently residing in Cheriy Ktirst, Fort 
Collins, Colorado Is employed by a private corporation 
in that vicinity* If so v/ill check enployment records of the 
corrpany to obtain all available background information on 
LYMAN NICHOLS* 

NEW YORK OFFICE 

At Riverhead, Long Island 

Will check the employment records Radio Corporation of 
America and obtain all available background information on 
WLLIAM WARD NICHOLS. 

NEWARK OFFICE 

At Newark, N.J. 

V/ill check employment records at the B. F. Sturtevant 
Corp* to ascertain if S. A. NICHOIS» who was employed by them 
in 1943, may possibly be identical with the unknown subject : 
in this case* ^ _ . ■ . . • ■ - 




At Hackensack, N.J. 

V/ill conduct appropriate investigation at the County 
Treasurer* s Office, Hackensack, N.J,, to obtain further 
backgroxmd Information on WILLIAM viARD NICHOLS. 

REFERENCE: Report of SA STUART S. CHALIPOUX, Newark, U/ll/SE* 


6 




P!D-7!I 

a-ioH 9 >* 




FEDERALS3UREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


^IG 


ratM MO. I 

THIS CASH OAlOtNATKD AT 


NElvARK 


m:s?i 




MAOS AT 

NE^IARIC 


OATS WHEN 
MAOI 


7/23/52 


MitOD FOR WHICH MADE 


7/8,10,U, 


NICHOLS# East "Hutherford, H.jl 


THOMAS L. BLACK, Informant 


MSPORT MADS BY 


STUART E. CHALIPODX ddm 


CMAItACTEIt or CASS 

ESPIONAGE - R 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: 


Records Pennsylvania State College, State 


College, Pa. reflect IvILLIAJl ’.ARD NICHOLS 


graduated 1928 with a degree In Architectural 
Engineering, Prior to 1936 was erqiloyed by 
RCA, Rlverhead, Long Island and Turner 
Construction Co,, 420 Lexington Ave. , New York,_ 
LYM/iN NICHOLS presently residing Cherry Hurst, 
Fort Collins, Colorado, Acquaintance advises 
LYMAN NICHOLS resided Nutley, N.J. at least 20 
years. Was self*enployed at residence and 
allegedly worked on Govezrunent contract making 
:bomb3ight parts during VJorld War II. Employment 
records Charles Englehard Co., Nev;ark, failed 
to reflect lYMAN NICHOLS ever eraployed. 


- P - 


DETAILS: 


WILLIAM WARD ICrCHOLS 


Investigation by the Philadelphia Office at 
Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa,, 
has developed the following backgroimd inforratlon 
on WILLIAM l^D NICHOLS, 234 Mountain 1,‘ay, 
Rutherford, 




Date of Birth: 
Parent: 


High School Attended: 


3/6/04, New York 
Mrs. E. H. 
NICHOLS 

Rutherford High 


/-l; 


APPROVED AND 
FORWARDED: 


SPECIAL AGENT 
IN CHARGE 


COPIES OP THIS REPORT 



5 ^Bureau (65-59395) (REG. Ma| 
2^ Denver (RjiC. MAIL) 

2 - New York (65-15474) (REGJ 
1 - V/ashington Field (Info.V 




- auAherf ord , 



PROPERTY OF FBI— This confidential report and its contents are loaned to you by the FBI and are not to be 

distributed outside of agency to which loaned. 


1 . A scvnuuT msktibs ssricc t5— tt30J7-l 








'TEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


FbrmKo. 1 

TM is case ORIO INATED at N2«,VARK 


fe'SsliiiY 


RBPOATMADSAT 


DENl^ER 


DATE WHCH 


anAOC 


8/22/52 I 


MtlOD FOR WHICH MAOS 


8/12/52 


WILLI AI-1 E. ROBINSON 


ms 


rru 




CHARACTER OF CASS 


g 


NICHOLS, East Rutherford, 


a 


ESPIONAGE - R 


THOMAS LM5LACK, Informant 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: 


^ C 


// z? ■' ' . 


LYMAN NICHOLS Is privately employed as an etcher 
near Fort Collins, Colorado, and prepares glass 
plates for handwritting, handprinting, and 
typev/ritting comparisons* 


- P - 


DETAILS: 


At Fort Collins, Colorado 


LYMA 


/ 




CHOLS 


vscu 

o«, 


LA»mED 


Records in the Credit Bureau reflect that LYI'IaN 
NICHOLS has resided north of Fort Collins on 
Cherryhurst Road; and the records indicate he 
operates his own business, but they do not describe 
this business «■ - 




J^IES DESTROYED 
12 NOV 20/1960 



.Confidential Informant T-1, known to- be reliable, ' 
advised that LYMAN NICHOLS , has been living near_r..-.->'V^Z 
Fort Collins since December of 195lJ and makes 
etching. He stated NICHOLS is interested in 
Microscopy also, T-1 advised that NICHOLS etches 
glass plates with little stars and other shaped 
lines so that they are used for handwritting and 
typewrit ting comparisons, as well as handprinting. 
stated NICHOLS sells these all over the United 




AFPROVED AND 
FORWAROEI 


•fCCiAi. Aocftnr 

CmaAOK 


ropy JN F ILE 




DO NOT WRnrE IN THESE SPACES 


COPIES OF THIS RIPORT 


<2^- Bureau (65-59395) (Reg. ) 
3 - Newark (65-i|il6)(Enca, ) 

(Reg. ) 

2 - Denver (65-761) 





!ESita)E il "&1 


lAUG 2S 19M '■■ ■ 

3 J 



PROPERTY OF rBI-TMIS CORFIDENTIAL KEPORT AHO ITS COMTENTS ARE LOANED TO BY'tHE FBI ARO ASE 


SIDE OF 






■ y 




^States* 

♦ 


ENCLOSURilS ; 


To Newark 


Pour photographs of LYI-iAN NICHOLS 


- P - • ■ ' 

! 

f- 

t 

^ • r 



f V 




DN 6i)-76l 





ADMINISTRATIVE:. PAGH 


Confidential Informant T-1 fui*ni.shed the writer 
with four photographs of LYMAN NICKOLS v;hich are being 
transmitted to the Newark Office, He stated that he 
recently made these photographs of NICKOLS when NICHCLS 
made application for a job with a private company. He 
could not remember the name of this company or the details, 
but he stated that NICKOLS v;a£ interested in his work and 
Invited him to come to his home sometime to see the type 
of work, he, NICHOLS, is doing. T-1 stated that the first 
tine he is in the vicinity of the NICHOLS’S, in the regular 
course of business, he will drojj in and visit v;ith 2'lr, 
NICHOLS and will subsequently have more complete inforiaation 
regarding him. 


Identity of Informant T-1 



LEADS: 

THE DENVER DIVISION 

, 0 ,--. ... .- At Fort Collins, Colorado ......... — : 

VJill about September 10, 1952, recontact Confidential 
Informant T-1 for further information. 


RiiFEitENCE: 


Report of Special Agent STUART l ., CiIALIFOUR 
dated July 23, 1952, at Newark, 


.4 ' 



.( 3 ) 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


PormNo* 1 

, This case originatcd at TSKtiAUK 






RflPORriiiAOlAT 


DATS WUm KRIOO FON WHICH MAOS MD^Oirr MAOS BY 

MADE 




\t/ZZ/$Z ^/IZ/S2 


NlCBOLSf East Butherford« 


WILLIAM E. ROBIBSOH 


THOMAS L. BLACK. Iz^ormsAt 


CHARACnBR or CASS 


ESPIOHAOE • R 



SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: 


ISMAB BICBOLS is privatelj employed ea an etobar 
naar Fort Colllna^ Colorado* and preparaa glaaa 
plates for handwrlttlng* handprinting* and 
typawrittlng ooogparieons. 

■f*. 

- P - 


DETAILS! 


it Fort Collina. Colorado 


fCtASSIFIED BY 


LIMAN NICHOLS 


APPROVSO AND 
FORWAftPED; 


Records in the Credit Bureau reflect that LH-IAN 
NICHOLS has reaided north of Port Collins on 
Cherryhurst Road) and the records indicate ha 
operates his own huainess* hut they do not desorihe 
■this business. 

.Confidential Informant T*l* known to ha raliabla*' 
advised that LIMAN NICHOLS has been living near ^ 
Fort Collins since December of 1951) and makes 
etching. He stated NICHOLS is Interested in 
Microacopy also. T-1 advised that NICHOLS etches 
glass plates with little stars and other ahaped 
lines so that they are used for handwritting and 
typewritting oompariaons* as well as handprinting. 
- He a ta^ ^j^ - NXCHQL S ee llo thoao all -ever - th e Unit ed 

DO not write in these spaces 


COPISB or THIS RI^RT 


Bureau (65-59395 ){ Reg. ) 
Newark (65-iill6)(£nea. ) 

(Hog*) ' 

Denver (65-761)* 



TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE OF 









Office Mem 


(f 


I kil • ‘.V. i • • ^ 

UM • UNITED ' ^ 


....I 

GOVERNMENT 


TO : 
-*'■/ FROM I t 

I'Ku.jbct. 


w 


DIRECTOR, FBI (65-59395) 
SAC, REMARK (65-4116) 


<2: 


ICHOLS 


DATE: 8/26/52 

AJlT^CfKTATE ACKWCTKS 
4IBV FIELD rF?ICBS 
ADVISED DY nCUllTC 


East Rutherford, N. J*; 
THOMAS L.^bACK, Informant 
ESPIONAGE - R . , . 



B>B7 




SUriS] »• 

Hqi3 .r^ 


Rerep SA STUART E. CHALIFOUX dated 7/23/55 at Newark, %#herein a lead 
/ iWas set out for the Newark Office to check employment records at the B. P. 

|| ^Sturtevant Corp*, 1060.Bfoad St, ^ Newark',. N, 'J«, jin order, to ascertain. if 
■ 5. A. ^ICHOLS, who was employed by that compa^ in 1943, misht possibly be 

identical with the subject of this Mse, 


Mr, A. W. PORTER, Manager of the Newark Branch of B. P. Sturtevant 
has advised that no employment records are maintzdned in the Newark Office " 
of the company. He advised that it trould be necessary to check at the New 
York Office, 40 Wall St,, New York, N. Y., to determine background information 
on S, A, NICHOLS. Mr* PORTER further advised that he was not personally ac- 
qiiainted with anyone named NICHOLS employed by that company. 

The New York Office is requested to check the employment records of v 
the B. P, Stvirtevant Corp., 40 Wall St., New York City, to obtain complete 
background information on S. A. NICHOLS, tdio. was employed by that company in 
an engineering capacity in 1943* 


r cc. New York (65-15474) ROISTERED MAIL 
REGISTERED MAIL 




SEC :mp - 


RECORUtD -120 
IMQIxe) • 120 




AUS 29 J 



t 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


VtmiNo. 1 

This case originatso at NEVJ ARK 


npoirriiiADCAT 


DATS WHDi FKHIOD FOU WHICH MAOS 

MAOS 


SOOffTMAfiCSY 


9/19/52 9/2,15/52 • WILLIAM E. ROBINSON 


"^DENVER 9/19/52 1 9/2,15/52 

O A”. ^’NICHOLS, East Rutherford, 

N. J.J .A 

THOMAS L^LACK, Informant 


CKARACTBR OF CAST 


ESPIONAGE - R 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTBi 


Additional information regarding LYI 4 A 
NICHOLS set out. 


DETAILS: 

» 


- RUC - 

AT PORT COLLINS, COLORADO 




Confidential Informant DN T- 1 , of knovm re- 
• liability, stated he has obtained additional 
information regarding- LYMAN NICHOLS. 


-T-l advised that LYMA^I^ICHOLS who previously 
resided near Port Collins, was bom at.Jren- 
ton, .Nev/ Jersey, and lived most of his life at 
Nut ley. New Jersey. He stated he has a bro- 
ther in Jacksonville, Florida. He is a re- 
tired Colonel and a son who has been in the 
Air Force. T -1 stated the son of NICHOLS was 
working for the Bureau of Reclamation in the 
Fort Collins area but is now working on a 
Beetle Control Project on the Western Slope. 

T -1 stated that ' LYMAN NICHOLS lives with his 
wife and daughter at home and recently Joined 
the International Society for Identification, 
He stated LYI^IAN NICHOLS is a member of the 
New York Microscopical Society and does work 
for many Eastern concerns. He stated NICHOLS 
had a nervous breakdovm, came to Port Collins 


FFRO FRIATE AOElTCm 
ID F: ELD omcBS ^ 
PVXSED BY ROUUHO I ' 

IJOPISS DESTROYED 
R 12 NOV 23 I 960 


AFPROVCD AND 
FORWARPEOi / 


Al_ AACNT 
IM CHAROC 


DO NOT WRITE IN THGSE SPACES 


eOFlES or THIS REFORT 



I 


£vBUREAU (65-59395) (Reg 
3 o- NEWARH ( 65 - 4 ll 9 )(Encl 
> ~ ' (Reg. 

2 - DENVER (65-761) 

Of T ^ 


fUOPERTY OF FBI-TWIS COBFIDEHTIAL BEPORT ARO ITS^ONTEHTS ARE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI AKD ARE 
A&EHCY TO WHICH LOANED. ^ 


ro BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE OF 








• I -T* ‘n TT 





\yri 






DN 65-761 

work for some of the colleges and universities In Colorado. 
NICHOLS has a shop In the basement of his garage. He told 
T-1 his grandfather was a customs collector at New York at 
about the time of the Civil War. 

NICHOLS furnished T-1 with a pamphlet he has 
published entitled, "Microscopic Ruling", v/hich is being trans 
mltted to Nev/ark Office. 


ENCLOSURE TO NEWARK: Pamphlet entitled, "Microscopic Ruling" 

by LYMAN NICHOLS 


- RUC - 




•■4 




- 2 - 


‘ “ ■■ *: - ^ . * ' - r' . * 

• 1 . v; V ; - 1 ^ I-" » > . . ^^1*4. . »» . ^ 


DN 65-761 


ADMINISTRATIVE PAGE 
INPORI'IANTS 


Confidential Informant mentioned In the report 
of SA WILLIAM E. ROBINSON, dated 9/19/52, at Denver, Colorado,, 
entitled, " NICHOLS, East Rutherford, N.J.; THOMAS L. 

BLACK, Inforraant, ESPIONAGE - R" is: 




REFERENCE: 


Report of SA V^'^LlXft ^^I^BINS^r”* 


at Denver 


dated 8/22/52 


3 






v> .^ - V. •-! n i. jt kv lit.j. . fc rrrj v.;/*" ! t jliij 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


5>ormNo. 1 

TH IS CASE ORIGINATED AT HSli ARK 


REPOfTTMAOSAT 


HESVER 



PERIOD rOR WHICH MADS RSPOfn’ MADE BV 




VXIUAM K. BOBIHSOR 


- ^ CHARACTER OP CASS 

mCBOLS^ East Rutbwpf oird^ U V**^ * 


THOMAS U BUCK» Infomaat 


ESFIOHACS - R 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTSt 


Additional Infomatlon regarding ISKAB 
HICHOLS aet out* 


BESAZISt 




• use - 

AT PORT gQTT.TWS, COLOHADO 

Confidential Inforoant CH T-l, of known re* . 
liability, atated he has obtained additional 
laforDatloa regarding LSrsUH SICfiOLS. 

^'T*l advised that JSKUS HXCBDLS who previously 
resided near Fort Collins, was bom at Tren- 
ton, Hew Jersey and lived Boat of his life at 
Hutley, Hew Jersey. Be atated he has a bro- 
ther la Jacksonville, Florida. He la a re- 
tired Colonel and a aon who baa been in the 
Air Force. T-1 stated the son of KICBOIS was 
working for the Bureau of Reclazaatlon in the 
Port Collins area but la now working on a 
Beetle. Control Project on the Veatem Slope. 

T-1 atated that LTHAH BICHOii lives with hia 
wife and daughter at hose and recently Joined 
the International Society for Identification. 
Ee stated LTKAK HICHOLS la a seisber of the 
Hew York Rlcroacoplcal Society and does wortc 
for nany Eastern concerns. Be stated HICHOLS 
had a nervous breakdown, cuse to Fort Cblllns 


APPROVED AND 
PORWARDfiDi 



PROPERTY OF F8I-THIS CONFIDENTIAL REPORT AND ITS CONTENTS ABE LOANED TO YOU 8Y THE FBI AMD ABE NOT TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSJDE Of 
ABENCY TO WHICH LOANED. _ I 













■ • - ' ■ ‘ . ■ ■ 

,whfch was forwarded to the Co imtj Treasurer's Office by the Air Reduction 
Co», Lincoln Bldg. « 42nd St., New York City, in 1944* 



He stated that there was no other person presently employed in the 


County Treasurer* 8 Office who had been acquainted with WILLIAM WARD NICHQL£ 
and advised that during the entire period of his association with NICHOLS, 

• he could recall nothing which had occurred which would in any way indicate 
- that NICHOLS was not loyal to the government of the .United States. 











# 


NKi65-4Il6 


iU)MINISTRATIVE PAGE 


y.-’“ 


One eop 7 of this report is being furnished to the Washington Field 
Office for information purpo8es> inasmuch as that office is handl Ing ' t 

investigation of PAUL PETERSEN, who was the Soviet superior of the informant, 
THOMAS L. BUOC. • ....... 




Leads 


NEWARK OFFICE 




*. 1 •• 


At Newaric. N, J, 

Will await information from New Yoric and Denver Offices rs leads, 
set out’ in report of SA STUART E. CHALIPOUX dated 7/23/52. . . 

Will at that time determine whether further investigation should 
be conducted re WILLIAM WARD NlfflOLS or LYMAN NICHOLS. . ' - • - ■ < • 


REFERENCE: Report of SA STUART E. CHALIFOUX dated 7/23/52 
’ at Newark 








9 9 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


l^ormNo, 1 

This cask orioinatvd at 


MEVARE 




RIFOirrMAMAT * 

DATE WHAM 

■■ ■ ■ 1 

FKRfOO FOR WHICH MADS 


NEWARK 

9/24?l2 

9A6,13,22/52 

STUART £. CHALIFOUX 

*nvi u 

NICHOLS. East Rutherford, N. J.| 

CMAilACTCII or CASS 

THOMAS L. BUCK, Infonoant 


ESPIONAGE - R 


SYNOPSIS DP FACTSi 


Records Coimty Treasurer's Office^ Hackensack, N. J., 
reflect W2LLXAM WARD HICHOLS employed 1933 ^ 1933 as 
bookkeeper* Fellow employee of WM* WARD'filuriOLo advlei 
he believes NICHOLS to be loyal ImerlDan* 

- P - 


DETAILS: Hr* ALFRED GAROFANO, County Treasurer's Office, Administration 

Building, Hackensack, N. J*, advised that the office records 
reflect that WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS was employed as a bookkeeper 
from 1933 to 1933, at which time he voluntarily resigned. 
GAROPANO said that the records reflect that NICHOLS' Social 
Security Number is 119^5~2673 and that while' employed at the 
County Treasurer's Office, he resided at the following addresses: 

^0 Union Are*, Rutherford, H. J* 

326 Walter Ave., Hasbrouck Heights, N. J* 

GAROPANO stated that he had been well acquainted with WILLIAM 
WARD NICHOLS during the period he was em^oyed at the 
Treasurer's Office, inasmuch as they were both bookkeepers 
at that time. He stated that to the best of his knowledge, 
NICHOLS spoke no foreign languages and he could recall nothi^ 
which would have indicated that NICHOLS had a hobb^ of - ~ 

■ microscopy. He said that while onployed by the County Treasurer* 
Office, NICHOLS was single; however, he later learned that 
after leaving this employment, NICHOLS had married. 

GAROPANO advised that the last infonnatlon in the personnel 
• file of NICHOLS was a recpiest for employment verification, - 


APTROVEO AND 
FOfmARDex>t 


AcMmr 

m cmasw 


DO NOT WRITtr IN THCBS &FACO 


COmSSOFTKISlIiTOllT 

Bureau (65-59395) REG. MA] 
r- WFO (Information) REG. HA] 
3 - Newark (65-4116) 


BECLASBIFIKD BY 13 

0Na/i»/7 V RJ 




■pBOPEtTV OF fBI-THI 8 COHFIOEIiml BEPOar.ABD II« COMTEMTS A 8 E lOAHEO 10 YOU BY YHE FBI AKD ARE AO T 
•AGENCY TO WHICH lOAIED. 






BW5 


rco ouTSioc Of 


• w n ' — ' ■ ‘ I 'p- "9 1 ' n v’" ■ rTTJf^ ■ 





FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Form Ko. 1 

This CASE ORIOtNATCO AT KSV/AKK 




DATS WMDf WtlOD PtM WHICH MAOC 

MAOC 


' HACK AT ' , ^ DATS WMDf WtlOD PtM WHICH HAO 

"new YORK- 10/1/5? .9/10,18/52 

~D 

N ICHOLS. 

East Rutl>erford, New Jersey; 

THOMAS hO BLACK, Infom ^nt- 


SDO«rr HAOSSY 


WILLIAM R. YATES 


CMARAcrm or cam 


ESPIONAGE -.R 


SYNOPSIS.Or FACTS: ’ ‘J ^ . . •/, < 


■ .‘r» ■ -f* ' ■ - 




W. W. KIGHOia employed by RCA. ' 
Long Island, NY from 10/15/28 
to 3/14/29 v*ien he resigned; 
8ez*ved as payroll clerk. Re* 
cords of B. F. Sturtevant Company 
maintained in Boston, not New 
York City, but long time employee 
of company in NYC could not re- 
call s. A. NICHOLS.- No credit v 
or criminal record of WILLIAM W. ^ 
NICHOLS could be located in NYC.' 


- RUC - 


\.DETAII5: 


At Riverhead, Long Island, New York 


fTRQPRIATEAGBWHS V' - . • - ■ - 

PlELD OFfflCBS '' ■V' ' ‘ following investigation was con- 

JVISEDBYROUMHG ^ V ' . ducted by SA CHARLES M. CURRY. 

•-- - i.c-'.' 4. : . - r - . - . : ■ - . ' 

Ki zJi/ZtH7 ..Mr.. JOHN JENEDICT, Office .Manager of - 
RCA since 192? advised that^the office files contained no ap- 
plication of WILLIAM WARD^ICHOLS but that an employment card 
indicated that a WILLIAk WARD NICHOLS was employed as a pay- i 
roll clerk from Octob^ 15. 1928 to March I4, 1929 »dien he left 
for re^asons not indicated. No information of a personal nature 
concerning NICHOLS appeared in the RCA records. Mr. BENEDICT 
s tated that he remembered NICHOLS very slightly in that he w&a 


-G©P¥-jaab#^^ — 

(^5Jt. Bureau (65-59395) ' 

.^- Boston (65-3365) r.x»r T.i gafritsa by TIt — 

Z - Newark (65-4116) 0 Nl ^/g/?!a> JLP/llt a. 

-2 - New York (65-15474) ‘ V * 

, COPIES DESTROYED 


00 HOT WRITE IN THgse SPACES 


“INDEXED^Tir 


>:^.^S£CiRDEi).43 


PROPERrfiFlfBI-; 

ru^W YA' Ullil n'V 


A6ERCY lo'WMlCOOI^TjTj^O 


ITS CONTENTS ARC LOARED TO YOU FBI AND ABF NOT TO BE OISTRIBUTEO OUTSIDE OF 


aoTCieaaar Mivnae omc« i«- aatua-i 



6 ^- 151;74 ' 



employed In an engineering capacity but served in a clerical 
capacity only. Mr. BENEDICT said the man who had recommended 
NICHOLS was dead. - 


At New York. New York 


No record of WILLIAM WARD NICHOIS could be located in 
the Hies of the New York City Police Department or Credit 
Bureau. 


The Newark Office requested New York to contact the_ 
B. F. Stunievant Company to obtain background information on 
one S. A^NICHOLS, who was employed by this company in an engi- 
neering opacity in 1943 ond. vho mi^t possibly be identical 
with J&e subject of this case. 

Mr.\:JOHN P. MUNDER, B. F. Sturtevant Company, 420 
Lexington Avenue, advised he has known the engineering employees 
of ^is company the past fifteen years and he does not recall 
an S. A. NICHOLS. I'lr. MUNDER stated that the employment re- 
cords of Sturtevant could be reviewed in the Hyde 2ark Division 
of the company in Boston, Massachusetts. 







ip 65-15474 


ADMINISTRATIVE PAGE 



lEAD 

BOSTON 



Will review employment records of B. P. Sturtevant 
Company, Hyde ^*ark Division for an employment record of one 
S, A. NICHOLS. If such a record Is located will obtain all 
background Information. 


Rbi«'ia<ENCE •is? 

Report of SA STUART A. CHALIPOUX, Newark, 7/23/52. 
Newark letter to Bureau, 8/25/52. 




RCTOATMAepAT ‘ 'i' 7 

‘ OATB WHIN 
MADE 

.FCJtlOD FOR WHICH MAOC 

JtBFOfir MAO« BY ‘ t 

■If 

VSH YORK 

10/1/52 

■ Vl0,l8/S2 

WILLIAM R, YATES ’* ' 


H I0HQL3. 

EABt iiuthttrfordf Sev Jeraoj* 
SBOMAS L* BLAOK, Infoimant ■ 


CMAIIACTKM OF CASS 


ESPIOHAGE - R 


■ 6V NOPS IS OF PACTS: '.‘V;' ‘ < - ‘"I • 


*.ct> ‘ . • '* ■ '* 

• ‘-v •*> v;c . :-T‘! i.- r't 


y. «• nicmote >«iipioydd W rca. 

Island, KY from 1Q/1$/2B 


■r i; -t.- 


‘* "*<* ••*•» **' ^ t 


to 3/14/29 ^en ho resigned} 
served as payroll clerk. Re-> 
oords of B. F. Sturtevent Co;npany 
maintained In Boston, not Hew 
York City, bat long time emplovee 
of oonpeny in HYC oould not re- 
call 8. A. HICHOtS. Do credit 
or criminal reoord of WILLIAM V, '. 
mcuOLS oould be located in BYO. 


- ROC - 


DETAILS I 


At Rlverhead, Long Island. Few York 


' :lu - ^ • ; The following Investigation was oon- 

. ■ ' ;.T . y ' : ducted by SA CHARLES M. CORKY, 


JOHR !SBFEDICT, Office Manager of- 
RCA sinoe 192? advised that the office files oontalned no so- 
plioation of WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS but that an employment cord 
Indicated that a WILLIAM WARD NICHOLS was employed as a pay- 
roll elei^k froa October 15# 1928 to March 114.* 1929 when he left 
for reasons not indlceted. No information of a personal nature 
oonoernlng NICBOLS appeared in the RQA records# Mr# BENEDICT 


APPROVCO 

‘FORWAROCO! 


I reeoraso i 

' ■ e ll - i^tly - ln the 

00 NOT MiTB ll/THCfi£ SFACCS 


COFfCS OF THIS RDORT 


(5f- Bureau (65-59395) ; 
, 2'« Boston (65-336$) 


2'- Boston (65-336$) 

2 - Nswark (65-4116) 

2 - Hew York (65-15474) 




PECLISSTPIED BY ' 

• 

.... 

-# * _ 




rROPERTY or rBI-miS CONriOENTMl REPORT ARD ITS CONTENTS ARE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ARE ROT TO BE OISTRIBUTED^UTSIDE Of 
AGERCY TO WHICH LOANED. ■ ^ ^ 

s #• #* •ovuM.KiiT nmiM em cM n- b#tii#-i 


BSgM 







Office Memoi^dum 




• UNITED GOVERNMENT 


DIRECTOR, FBI 


FROM 2 

i 


i »^^AC, 


NEWARK 


( 65 - 59395 ) 


(65-4116) 


DATE: 11/14/52 


SUBJECT : 


- < if 

^rj 


NICHOLS, 

East Rutherford, N. J. 
THOMAS L.'^LACK, Informant 
ESPIONAGE - R 


' / Reference is made to report of SA STUART E. CHALli-OUX 

dated 7/23/52 at Newark, report of SA WILLIAM E. ROBINSON dated 
8/22/52 at Denver, aiyi report of SA WILLIAM E. ROBINSON dated 8/19/52 
'I at Denver, 

■ Burea\ypermission is requested to have the Denver Office” 

Interview LYMAN/iiicHOLS in order that he may be definitely ellraln- 
^ ated as a suspect in this case and also tc ascertain if he may 
"^be able to furnish any Information which might help to Identify 
V 'the subject of this case, 

\. = ^ ^ 

In thl s'"- regard It is noted that LYMAN NICHOLS lived most 
of his life in Nutley, N. J,, a community which is located a 
' ^ short distance from East Rutherford, N. J,, the town in which 
the unknown subject allegedly resides. It is further noted that 
LYMAN NICHOLS has a hobby of microscopy and through this hobby , 

I may well have been acquainted with many persons in the North / 

Jersey area having the same Interest, t i. 

^ Should Bureau permission be granted for the Denver 

■X I Office to conduct this interview, it is suggested that they may 
? desire to use as a basis for the Interview the fact that LYMAN 

NICHOLS name was- furnished .to the Bureau by the New York Microscop- . . 
^O'cal "Socl’ety'^'as la'’"person*-Y*esl'dihg“''ln -^the "North Jersey -area who'-'—^^- — 
has been a member of this society for many years and who may be 
' acquainted with other persons in the area having a like hobby, 

I 

In the event that LYMAN NICHOLS appears to be coopera- 
tive, the -Denver Office should attempt to ascertain if LYMAN NICHOLS 
* ever attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, if he 
^has any knowledge of the Russian language, and whether he has ever 
5 done any work on Government contracts. In this regard it is 5i ♦ 

^ noted that LYMAN NICHOLS allegedly did work for the Government 
N^uring the last war in a workshop located in the basement of his 


home 3m Nutley, N. J. 

-f ■ ■ ■ - ■ 

SECtbmm . ■ 

cc; Denver (65-761) 
ey -A) 7 


rEOOROEO-45 


- w «■ O ^ ^ 


\_^2.^93?S'-Sd 

g., NOV RJ 1952 











SemlJeratyf 


rtf JTtf ioar*f «r «« t <n j 

^9^ion'jha g^hted^tct thf Smtf^r'JfiviMio'n. 


-,jiir^^^^^^iha.t!-perni99ionjb» granted. tct th^w Smtf^r'JfiviMion to •,• '>* 

^ ^•*** :;dovoJop«d 

}^^Wk^^'^id9 ^a/peeeible 'oandi(iater^k tK9:un1m0wn..9UbJect of: <»oton:> 




Mieheltf ) 2^ ,7riie2and 'Apenue^:Jtutl$y^' Mew Jereey^ ^ vieited 


' V* *w - - 


t»toroat/tAo,5ttrooa---j ;;.v-^v'- 
0 / fredueed ^writingi^lwhiehrUei had deve 2 eped 9 :y(^^i 


#outfral.;o*iill>it«j;to tfto Mew Tork.Of/ioe, 
‘*i;i&^)^'''^'^.'r^br'one a ff^oAiah- suo' a niaam'-- o f .'alaamHn' mhtoh ±hara annaare 


on^ ' e/i'VAioh- wa$\ a pieae- ef glaeBiin' which there appeared /> 

^^'^f^-tt&^’Meia'pinpri ckm ■"■ Mioheleietated kthai^ ■. thie\ do ♦ ''soaourod 


^4'KiAW.Mt»r^tenthe}9f 'a:[milHneter» '‘.ThieldeH^' vAich could be-v^ 

iolt]!^^;d pc wer/u2rglae$^y: eon tatned^^ e .’Lerd^e r 
^j:^M^.iti^yer^^'%T:^w\thic': datc' cn through '2949," the liTSI Lahcra- 


D0.,4^-.,-v tf 


^^^^T^^;Lt9ryi'1^9 'heen intermittently in oontdct, with Miohole. in 




f 1 * ™ ,, \V 

• . t! 


; - v%|/ .tfto«o;'#i*^nf«att0st dootrod tof;>ttro/Uiao ooko ond t/iot 
i,S£^i»Jiiii)«o^ontJ|t^. i/ioroto he offered, itifor: oale .. to; Amto rg^-./ 
Oorporation»-' MieholM further' adui* ed , that he- wao doing ■ 


<»n[<a heme in. 

; obowo^ 'ft^Bould opjjoor. loptcoi tMt “ 


deliaate work for -ithe government on eeoret bomboighto: 






XipaA.^jrto/ioia oould bo td 4 ^t<ooi.iot^/)>/ tbo-uaoub o/. tnotont .-U L 
0000' in^iboi Amtorg' reproeehtfiti^eo'' could- have- had repr^ -n; ' 






Mieho 29 to /oZlOK^up on his •//or» Thers is no indtea*^ 

'• v’i V A-Ia! tAot Xj/Bon MichoJs has been previously 

questioned tonoeming hie offer to sell his reduosd ^ | 

'K‘- ^writing prsosss to Amtorg Trading Corperation0 ' J 

Zn 194Jf^ Siohols* systea of reduced vriting 
aas of interest to the TB£ Laboratory in vteio of the fact 
.. .. that one speciaen of writing produced by Nichols containing 

'-'‘iApproxinately 100 words was so snail that it filled only 
ons^fourih of the field at a magnification of POO dfameterss 
: ZMo siss writing is much smaller than the type used in 
'’vf ,> 7/ -^"photographic dotSm" Michels developed a simple lens approxi» 

. ■ matsly the sis e of a viateh head from an ordinary broao seltser 
bottle which ms adequate for reading the micros copio mes^ 
produced by him^ 




- the Philadelphia Pivision is instructed to dis» 

ouoc wiih informant Thomas X* Black in general terms the 
information furnished abooe^ Mo specific details of Lyman 
Miohols* scientific developments should be furnished Black 
‘inasmuch as they were furnished to the Bureau in confidence* 
Tor the information of the Jhiladelphia Office concerning 
Lyman Michels* there are forwarded herewith the following 
investigative reports in this nattert 

' Report of SA Stuart S* Chalifoux* 

7. r -,t dated fuly 23* 1932* at Newark* ^ 

1 * Mew Jersey* ' . . ' ; • 

ficjwMo of SA Milliam Mi Rebinsoo* 

" . . dated Xupuot 22* 1932* and September 29* 

> 1932* at Jfenver* Colsrads* ' 

It is to be noted that Black has previously 
stated' that unknown cu^^ect i^ui Petersen originally gave 
him the assignment sf contacting unknown subject Nichols 
in 1935* It oAeuld be further noted that Black has stated 
that Paul Petersen mentioned to Black that the Sov iets 
were having trouble getting infsrmation out of Oermany 
because of the vigilance sf Serman intslligencs* Petersen 
asked Black as a chemist interested ta photography to eon» 
eider this problem and ess if he could devise sons means 
sf sending infoimation through regular channels so that 
it oosid not be detected* 

.There is ns subversive dersgatory infomatiot^ 
im Bureau files concerning Lyman Nichols* . ■ i 





■('Ahr: ‘ After Fhiladelphia Aaa furniehed the Bureau 

aud Btnper the reeulte ef the imtervteu with Theuae X« 

S2aeh^ Benoer ia then authoriaed ta interoiea Lynan Miehela - 
ta detemtne if any repreaentatioea of Autarg Trading | . , . 

Carporation^ Bern TorJe Gity^ or perhapa repreaentatioea^: 
of the Soviet intelligenae ayatem contacted hiu in 193B 
or any other tine oaneeming hta ayateu of reduced uriting^ 


It ia further noted that John Henry do Oraaf^ 
ouapoot for unhnavn aubjeet Haul Feteraen, ia arriving 
Philadelphia frou Uontreal^ Canada^ Thuraday, December 4, 
tc confront Harry : Qold and Tbonaa X* Blache Thero_ 
arc enclaaed hereui-Ui for' the Denver Diviaion eopiea of 
the photograph of John Ssnry de Sreafg^ uhieh ahould be 
exhibited to Lynau Micholo^ 




Philadelphia ahould interview Bin ch imediately 
'and adviae Denver by teletype ao Lyman Hichola my be 
■uinteruiemed before John Henry do Oraaf retumo to Canada^ 
' uhi^ atli probably be Triday, December, 5, 2952, . 


.* t. 

i-j*.. ^ 7 * A j’/ 7, ♦ 





Ir* 















FTWia -- 
U-i0-49> 


'' ‘V y 

POfiM HO. 1 • ^ , 

fHia CASK ORIGINATED AT . 


•' t ) 

(i^DERAlGBUREAU OF INVAtIGATION 


■'■ „1IK7^RK 


REPORT MADE AT 


BOSTON 


TV WHOM 


VJ Uo 


'^‘2^252'“ 


ISV/'. .Sast Euttfib^’ford, Now Jersoyi- 
.••'■.■ 1 .v.':^\]TAtlicilS LwbLACK, Informant 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: -. No rocord of 3.A, NICiiOLS located at Sturtov-nt 
‘y.L Otvi si on, Vfeatinnjhous© Corporation, Hyde Park^ 

- i-'. T'lfT-.Cp \ -ITT ’/NT « 1 Ji 


"'fSSre'.nTlAKK .. 

r'- ■ ■ ' 




' I'. ' ^ .■ •-.■■• ' j. RiiJ - ■ . _ ' 

[>-Xf -I--'*- ■* '-■ -v.-'-v-. DKCtJigjTJTl® BY H ^ \3 

, '• ;. ,; details r ^..' r-... ^T HYIS P.'J>K. Vulo'OACIiUSBTTS : . A/i^lys 

■ . I'-.Jfrs. NCBA (vILBOY, Porsonnol Clerk, Employment Office, 

■ [ 'Sturtovant division, “fostinghouso, Corporation, advised 

' -■ \ . ' that hor files contained no record of on SjX^^ICKOLS. 

■ l’ “ ^ XySh^, stated that she had a rccoitd of a, it, 

' 4 - . r- ^‘1 ’mivllinp;’ onginoor, who had boon cnoloyod 
■' yy ■ n* cm April, 1912 to Docombor, 1951. Sho stated that 

\*"*v -■ ‘.'a' j. .-■• according to this record this NICHOLS wus employed 

. only at tho Hydo Park Plant and vra.s never ut. I/e.-zark, 

i further stated that although oiic did 

: 1: ' have tho file thoro had boon a JA'ilES A. lilC'iOLS, 

V.' ^ ^ sales engineer, employed at the No\tRrk Cffico, but 

', • . i/r'.- '••■ hisifilo would now be in tho Trestinchouse archives, 

■ Gateway Center, Pit-taburgh, Pannsylvania * ■ 


ML . 


^ Hiss GIL20Y' explained that tho old 3, P‘, Sturt e'/cuat 
is now kaovni as tho StAirtevant division of 
'^estinghouse Corporation, .'L • 


''ostinghouse Corporation, 

'-H *» ■ \ ^ ' * • 

JOHN C, THC^■^PS0N, Gonoral Sales Manager, Sturtovant 
Division. 'Testlnirhouse Comoration. advised that HC 




■PCCIAA. AGENT 
IN CHAROK 


advised that 

CX> NOT WRITK IN THC6B SPACES 


«jriu Of- iHm iTspofiT'' 

Bureau (65-59395) Roglster id mail 
■ '---7^ - Newark (65-4116) ^egistor 5d mail 
2 - Pittsburgh Register »d maifl 

, -'t'. 2 -^Boston (65-3400) . 


|<l:C0R0£O • 25 

K i«Dato-» 






4/55^CIES 


■ PROPERTY OF FBl/-Thia.x^fidentiat report and its contents are loaned to not to bo 

i !v’v,s * ‘ outside of agency to which loaned. 

h ii^iy jyjQy 26 . >u v Al ^ i 


SUEfSIO P f>U 

tm. A 9.TPTi 






*' 


i 


• f 


BS.6S-3li08 , 

’ -n ' * - r ^* * 

‘ ib''* . V.** '■* 


-/'•■ ' ■ 'V-; ^‘,'?tcH'.LS Tfaa permanently employed in Hyde Park and never worked in' tM 

’ • ■ . “■ ' Nevrark Office. He stated that he had knovm JAiiES A. NICHOLS personally 

for l5 years and finally fired him February 2o, 1/1^$ duo to NICK0I5’ 

1C IV 

"tHOUPSOM continued that JAIES A. K.TCHCLS had teen amployod by the 
, American Blower Company in rotrolt, Michigan at Do^st 20 year^ ago 

V . ■' V *^d w as accep'ted for employment by tho B. F, Sturtevart tcnpaay 

the Minneapolis Offica. About 1?35 to 1939 NICHCL3 was tra;)3ferred 
- ^ '• to Newark. According to THC%iPS0N, NXCH0L.i -vaa never happy ar- Newark, 

. ■ inasmuch as his home was apparently in Minneapolis and he desired to 

I " ‘ - i - -r y - .sr s * * . * - V , ■- 7 .. ^ i ' . 

^ ’ < — t -' ‘ t - * — . - ' ^ - i ^ — 

y v ^ ■,.•• THdiPSCW described NICHOLS as a "(?ood church roan, a good American and a 

•. . ./' J .\.‘<'- who I would not suspect of any kind of activities detrimental to the 

/ -1 Uhi ted States." 




persoT 


■1 . . 




’■■ •■ According to THCM*^'CW, NICHOLS lived in a sulnirb just outside of 
‘ ,, Newark, and was undoubtedly a graduate engineer but definitely not 
^om the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 

'•A close associate of NICHOL ' in the Newark Office was described as 
, being one S, W »yT0N?>S30 N, whom THdlPSON said is now a. salesman for a 
sheet metal coHtractor in Newark, probably the Elizabeth and — -~-- 
' ■"’"Sheet Metal '/forks. .1 I 

: • THdiPSd? said that as of about three months ago, JAME.'-’ a>4i[I.CH0IS 

./•was a "high salaried" official with the Day Company at Minneapolis, 

• ‘ Minnesota ." 

i.'* ."** '* ly".” i V" ? 77 ' f - . 77 ■* - ' ' 

^ 

' * ■*. *• - tji ' -• * - * . ... . ^ 



. - - -BS 66-3408 

-'■w ■' ^ * v.y 

. I- J '* { ■ '-*»'» A. J. 

. ‘ , 

' P- : 


i . ,.jk 

■ K-'"- 


': ADUINISTRj'vTIVS PAGE 


. . V,.:^^ADMI»^STRATI\'E DBTAILSt . • ■ '•• ^ ‘/S- 

' ■<. '■} -j. . " • ' .' 

•‘ /'•' ■’ L roviow of tho Boston files in this caao indlcatod Pittsbursh 

K.- , • Office has rocolvod loads in this case* For tho Information of tho 

Pittsburgh Office, the Newark Office roquostod Now York to contact 
■r..; . "v i'tho B,F. Sturtovant Company at Wow York to obtain baclcf;round 
•V, ’ '/■'.••■ Information on S.A, NICHOLS who v/as supposedly enp?.oyod at this 

■ 4'’,, company in 1943 and who might possibly bo. identical rath tho Subject 
V. y '.' of this caso* . 


' ■• ’* V'"'’ Tho name of JAJ!3S A* NICHOLS was ilovoloped during tho investigation 

by’ tho Boston -Of fioe at Hyde ^arki Massaohusotts, as additional 
suspect i. inasnuch-. as thoro was no-reoord'of an S,A...NIC1I0LS. 4^% .;;..^. ; . vt, 

V ^ > . ■ ■ 

‘''A- s=’'' ^ . - . • • 

. / !■ LSA4?5 i~ 

• •• •' PITTSBURGH OFFICE ' ^ ’ ■ 

. • " . - At Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania . • . , 

♦ / , ^ 

■-■ T3.11 review records of tho B«P» Sturtovant Company, now tho Sturtovant 
’"a‘ Division of 'Jostingheuso Corporation, at ’/estinghousa- Archives, Gatevjay ..Center 
..... Pittsburgh, ■ Ponnaylvanl a, for employment records of S.A, NICHOLS and JAliES 
v" •A.JMICHOI^, 8wid if those records aro located, obtain all background 

information, • • . 


RSFEREKCBi 


.Report of SA T7ILLIAM R. YATES, dated Detobor 1, 1962 at Novr York City, 


♦ •* 


FD^ia 


Cl ‘ L) 

: ■ EEDERAI#BUREAU of inv^tigation 

■ -J-. - . ••;, ■. ^ 

RM NOl I . ,■• [ __ T , 

MCASSOAIOMATKDAT ^ ' ■ NETZARK ’ .riLMNO. 




FORM NQl t 

r THIS CA&a OfiJOlNATED AT 


RSFORT MAOS AT 


- 

DATE WHEN 

POUOD FOR WHICH MAOC 

REPORT MADS BY 



NOV 

1 STyo; 

10-20-52 ■ 

KARL C, ?R;J4K 


' E *A ~ ‘ 

. f . . . 


■ ; ! ^ ^ HICaOLS, 

'".'AV ''^iSast Ruthevford, .Ner.7 Jerseyi ; ' 
■ TIOiiiS L. BLACK, Informant •*'. 


otAAAcrm or CAU 

ESPIONAGS - R 



SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: . * 

4 rocord.of 3, A, SICiiOLd located at Sourfcevant 

! ' .Division, V/bstln^houco Corporation, Hyde Park, 

. 'v Ay; • ■ Massachusetts, Ono JA121S A» jITCKOLS onployod at 

I ®owark bO(:inning sonotlmo’ betwoon 1935 anl 1939 until 

.!‘ :^^,-»T.*'Pobruary 0, 1945.. This rocord.. located in Pittsburgh, . 




pSTAILSi 

. » r ' ' ■*! * . ‘ 

’ 1* i’:V *■ -r 


sue 

^ v**i. i-i"- , ,v Y 

rt'- i-V' ^ ’,,‘V,4irr — 

V 

AT PYDS P.-vV.K, ?.Lv3S;.C;-{UCgrTS 


r HTJC 

-s '. -1?.- 


^ ' 'j \ 


i L-* 

■ V. 


‘i ’*■■ ' 
■ >. ' 1 


•p V V.' l.' 


'■ lirs, NORA GILDOY, Porsonnol Clerk, Enploynent Office, 

.' * Sturtovant Division^ .Tostinghousc, Corporation, advised 
; -that her flics contalnoJ no rocerd of an S,A. NICHOLS, 

’■ Sho stated that sho had a record of a UOTATJD I-:» 

; iSCHOLS, an air haivllinr. ongincor, wlio had boon cmplcyod 
"■ from April, 1912 to Docombor, 1951. Sho stated that 
“ according to this record this NICHOLS ttos omployod 
^ ‘ only at tho Hydo Park Plant and was nover at Ilormr?:, 

Now Jersey. Sho further stated that although sho did 
not havo tho file thcro had boon a JAhSS A. I^ECIIOLS, 
f a salos engineer, employed at tho Norrark Cffico, but 
his filo would now bo in tho NTostinghousa archives, 

'• Gateway Center, Pittvlmrgh, Pannsylvania . 


:7iYr. 

- “L- 'v',, ’ 


AFPROVTD AND 
rORWARDCOt 


U:'i^ .Miss GILBOY explained that the old B.P, Sturto’/ant 
' Company Is now knovm as tho Sturtovant Division of 
'^estinghouse Corporation. - . 

JOHN C. TNC?tPS0N. Gonoral Salos Manager. Sturtovant 


viaion,"JJ',^^jj^ggghoute Corporation, cxaDarLead iA}wd5«Ii<ZQetU) 


COPIU OF THIS RlPOItT 


. A^5/^ Bureau (65-59395) Rogistor 

'^y - NoTjnrk (65-4116) ^oglstor 

2 - Pittsburgh Rogistor 

’ ' ‘-2 - Boston (85-3408) 



" PROPERTY OF FBI^-This confidential report an^ its contents are .loaned to you by the FBI and are not to be 

'. • distributed outsideof agency to which loaned.", , , 


• ■ . t 


• A •msflUat matiM omci la 00 M 7-I 













o 


s 


SZ- 


....'IBI H 1 i£a : - '- 12 - 3 - 52 - - z— --.— — _..lJ.._;i^._y_- -, 


SAC 
UNSJBI VA 


• ^ Xl« 


,GE2IT 


/ 


iaiaLS> EAST RUTU£Ri'Oia]> NQY JERSET^ IllOUAS L. BLACS-J!?FOrtK(\2iT. 


ESP-R. . DEBVER FILE SIXTIFIVE DASH SEVEN SIX ONE. REOJLET AND BJTEL DEC. a!£. 


^'I.IMCUAS L.-BUCEj ADLaXTED SOVIET AdENT* REUITERVIIMED RE SUBJECT NATTER THIS- 


'N * 




lDATB. -^EARLT .in. BLACISiS ASSOCIAHON TOTH SOVIET SUFERIOR* PAUL PEI£BSEN> POSSHILI 

.. • . -.'rU.. - .■ ■ 

’“on) NDIET^ THIRTXKUR OR BE(ENHIKQ ' KBiETESI TKIRTIFr.’E, PETERS^? I14STRUCTED BLACK 


iJ: 


iTO. LOCATE- NAUEU. NICHOLSv^iO- IJVEU-IN VICIMTI OF' EAST RUTilER^VHDr NE»' JEllSEI.-' 

’ - w > ; 4 "IT- ' ' 1 , I > I I 1 ■ III i\ - m - :iV'" 

BLACK liAS I^RE^ION PROB.VBLY GaIl®D FROM PETERSEN THAT NICHGLS V/AS UETALIURCIST, 


•V (BIABDATE OF^UASSACUJSEITS INSTITUTE OP TECHNOLOQT AND NAN INTERESTED IN NICROSCOPX. 


BLACK NAS. ALSO LED TO BELIEVE PROBABLY BY PEXERSBf THAI AICDCEG HAD DEAUfIGS V'HTH NICHOLS 

• ' * ' V. i.* ..4.,.. t . * ... 

IN ms STUDENT DAYS. BLACK 'mOJGHT NICHOLS NIGHT HAVE TUTORED RUSSIAN STUDENTS . 

NHUE at HASSACHUSETTS institute of TECHKOT^GY. buck Ncxr believes NICI1CX.S HiU) 


.NOT EUINISHED AHYTHIHO.OF VAUJE TO HJSSIANS BUT MIGHT SUBSEQUEfiTLY HAVE BEEN SOURCE 


OTO .RJSSXANS. ';. BLACK NOT DEFINITH 4 Y CQITAIN Q? HIS FACTS BECAUSE OF PASSAGE OF TIME 






AND-CLAIMSHZS THOUGHTS ON MATTER ARE NOff VAGUS IMPRESSIONS. IN ATTQIPT TO fULFILL 
'HIS ASSIGNMENT# BLACK NENT TO RUTHERFORD KEN JERSEY PUBLIC UBR/JIY i'iND CHECKED CITY 
AND TELEPHONE DIRECTORIES. AT NEXT MEETING HIIN PETERSQI# BLACK REPORTED HE HAD 
•' BEEJ= UNABLE TO LOCATE NICHOLS. PETERSEN TOLD BLACK HE yOUlJ) TAKE Ci^RE OF THE j j 


ASSIGNMENT. BLACK HEARD NO MORE ABOUT IT AtiO l^SVER MADE CQIiTiiCT VJITH mCilOLS. 




AFTER fURm Jl RECOLLECTIOH BLACK THCUGHT HOBBY -OR SPECIALTY OF NICHOLS iiViS 


PHOTOMICIIOGRAPHI, DEFINED BY BUiCK, AS PKOTOCRi^HX, UNDER. MlSaiOSCOPIC COUDIIIOIJS. 


cornea dbsteoybd 
63 DEC 18185?* w A-'-* 


BSD PAGE am OHB 




Registered Mali 
cc jairee ^ (M e a nfl i aipti MQ i l ) 

H ‘ cc Newark (registered mail 

■ . ijQEC jn 

ET- • - v-' t -'T- 


r '-OT i'<— .^0* 

1952 











FEDE 


BUREAU OF INVESTWATION 




Fbrm Ko. 1 


- > THIS CASS ORIGINATCO AT NEWARK 



NICHOLS, East Rutherford, 

WTTT; 

THOMAS L. BLACK, Informant 


KRIOO rOK WHICH MAO* ' AIPOUTIKAOt BY • ‘ WB 

"12/4/52 WILLIAM 'e. ROBINSON , 


CKAAACTXA or CASS 


ESPIONAGE - R 


NICHOLS » Port Collins , Colorado , ' 
was .'contacted. In NYC In 'about 
- ‘ fv ' ■../1QA7 or . lQ'=i8 bv. a reoresentative of the 




l:? 


0WIA7RA0ETCI13 - ■ 
^lEUD 0F7ICZS 
BYROUIWa,, 


. ' DETAILS: 


■ fv ' ■.,'1937, or ■ 1938 by. a representative of .the 
Diebold Safe ScTiOck Company of NYC, This 
individual, v/hose name NICHOLS cannot 
recall;.' sueges ted NICHOLS and the Diebold 
Company sell NICHOLS ’, process to the Soviet 
Government through Amtorg, NICHOLS then 
exhibited microscope in process to repre- 
sentat Ives of Amtorg in their office in 
.-i:;.. NYC and states Amtorg referred matter to 
the Russian Ambassador, Washington, D.C. 

The Diebold representative later advised 
■ NICHOLS the Russians were not interested 
because the process was not developed by 
there own Intelligence agency. NICHOLS _ 
cannot recall the names of any person con- 
•.^•■Vvt acting him as above described and states 
*'■ he had no further contact with these per- 
• sons. NICHOLS cannot identify photographs, . 
of JOHN HENRY DE C3AAP. 


eigeui 

- RUC -WO./ 


tmn 


AT PORT COLLINS, COLORADO 


, - Mr. LYMAN^ICHOLS, who resides at Linder- 

PJl Lake, north of tov/n, was interviewed by 

>Ul * SAs KENNETH J. BRIDEN STINE- and the writer, 













DN 65-761 




NICHOLS advised that he was born February 1, l895> at Trenton, 
New Jersey, and that he was educated at Newark Academy In 
Newark, New Jersey. He stated he has lived at Nutley, New 
Jersey practically all of his life, and that he has never at- 
tended. the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is not*'" 
a metalurglst. He stated he has never tutored any Russian 
students. He stated that his v^ork has been primarily in 
microscopic etchings and that he carried on this work prior 
to a year ago at Nutley, New Jersey. He stated he has been 
Interested In all branches of microscopic work, has done a lot 
of research and Is a member of the New York Microscopical 
Society. 


NTGHGLS advised that In about 1935 or 1936, he v^ent to both 
the Army and the Navy and tried to sell his reduced writing 
.^Instrument but that he was turned down by both. He stated 
"that he cannot recall the date or the exact year but some’ ' . -—..r-:— 

time between 1937 and 1939> he was contacted by an official, 
or at least a representative, of the Diebold Safe and Lock 
Company of New York City. He stated this individual, whose 
name he cannot recall, asked him If he v/ould be Interested 
In selling his process to the Russian Government and giving 
one half to the Dlehid Company for handling the .matter, pro- 
viding the half was not less then $50,000. 


NICHOLS stated he agreed to this and with this representative 
with the Diebold Company, he went to the office of Amtorg 
Corporation on 5th Avenue in New York City, and exhibited his 
microscope ad his process. He cannot recall the names of any 
one contacted there, but states he was advised that the. Amtorg 
Corporation would have to submit the matter to the Russian 
Ambassador In Washington, D.C. 


NICHOLS stated he was subsequently advised by the representative 
of the- Diebold Safe Company that the Russian Ambassador had 
turned down the proposition because It was against the policy 
of the Russian Government to accept any such proposition vxhich 
did not originate within their ovm Intelligence agency. NICHOLS 
stated that he later receive Inquiries about the process, by 
mall, •from the representatives of the German and Italian 
Governments but that he never had any direct dealings with 
them and did not sell them the process. NICHOLS pointed out 
that he -formerly had large file regarding his trying to sell 
his process but that he destroyed this file v/hen he left Nutley, 

New Jersey, about a year ago, thinking he would never need it again. 

NICHOLS stated that as far as he knows, there Is no one else 
In the New York Microscopical Society, names NICHOLS and he knows 


2 


DN 65-761 

of no other person named NICHOLS who Is Interested In micro- 
photography or related arts. 

NICHOLS was able to^ocate an old address book in which he 

" found the name G., B/^ICHOLS, 318 Montross Avenue, Ruther- ^ 

ford. New Jersey. He could not recall the reasorv^hat this 
name was "In" the’ book. He also found the name "Miv^ANSKER”, 
listed as a representative of the Amtorg Corporation, 261 
5 th Avenue, Jlew York City. 

NICHOLS examined the ’iShbtographs of JOHN HENRYiib'S^^reRAAP and 
coul 4 not Identify him as a conta(^. He stated he has never 
been, contacted by a man named PAUys^PETERSON regarding his 
process. 

According to NICHOLS, the representative of the Dlebold Safe 
“v-Copanjr-: told him that -the Dlebold- company were, armament . consultants 
to the. Soviet Government . He recalled that this representative- 
contacted him at II8 Liberty Street In New York City, v/here 
he was being afforded cfesk space by one R,_P^CARGILLE v/ho still 
has an office at that address. He stated that CARGILLE might 
possibly recall the name of the Dlebold representative since 
he was present during the discussions and might possibly re- . 
member other Incidents regarding contacts there. 

According to NICHOLS, the only other person v;ho did the same 
type of work he was doing vias ALFRED MC EV/AN of Garrison, 

New York, who Is now deceased . 

NICHOLS recalled that the New York papers carried stories In 
. about 1939 j reporting the Dlebold Safe and Lock Company as running . 
guns to China. He stated that he especially recalls this 
because It arose his suspicions as to the foreign connections 
of this company. NICHOLS stated that the only person who sub- 
sequently contacted him regarding his process was the repre- 
sentative of the P.B.I. He stated he made a trip to V/ashlngton, 
D.C. to exhibit his process to the P.B.I. 






- RUC - 


- 3 - 


ADMINISTliATI-yE PAGE 


Ono copy of this report is being furnished the Philadelphia 
Office so that office may have complete information v/hich was - 
summarized for their benefit in teletjTJe dated December 1952. 


LEADS 


THE ^lEWARK OmCE 

AT RUTHERFORD, ITEW JERSEY 

V/ill attempt to identify G. B, HICKOLS-, who j?osided 
at 31ti Montross Avenue, about 1939, to determine 

be -Sub Ject--in -this- case*- . ^ 

THE HEW YORK OFFICE - - • - 

AT HEb- YORK CITY 

Will contact Hr. R. P. CARGILLE, 118 Liberty Street, 
where LxI'iAI'! NICHOLS shared office space in 193^ • 

Will question CARGILLE as to the identity of any 
persons who contacted NICHOLS regarding his process. 
Determine whether Hr. CAR-ILIE kno^JS the. name of the 
representative of Diebold Safe and LoeV: Compan:/, v/ho 
dealt with LITIAH NICHOLS. ^ 


REl'EREKCS 


Bulet to Newark, dated December 1, 1952. 

Toletyno to Bureau, Philadolnhia, and Newark, dated December 4, 
1952. 


ntporrr mads mr 


-1 


RfPOirr MAMAT^ 

. j)mER 


DATE WHCM 


\i2/B/52 


KRIOO TOR WHICH MADS 


12A/52 


VB 


WIZXIAN E. ROBIKSOH 


Tmji 


NICHOLS, Eaat Rutherford, 


CHARACTER or CASS 


M.j.r" 

THOMAS L. BLACKf Xnforrsant 


ESPIONAOE - R 


•r-' - - 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: 


• v- r* 


■;A? 


i' V Aih'<y 


\v •- ‘ 




FV* * 


.»**■! *■* 
f ■ v 5 •:■■•• ■• •' 


- ; LTMAN NICHOLSi Port Collins, Colorado, 
states he.vas ooiitaoted In NYC In about' 
1937 or 1933 by a represent at Ive of the 
Diobold Safe « Look Ccspsny of iJYC . This 
individual, whose name 'TICHOI.S cannot 
«^reoall, eugseated NICHOLS and the Dlebold - 
■ Company, sell HZCEOLS* proccaa to the Soviet 
Qovemment through Aaitorg. NICHOLS then 
exhibited mioroeoope In proceaa to repre- 
:[?• sentatlvea of Amtorg in thetr office In 
:.I.NYC and states. Amtorg referred matter to 
the. Russian Ambosaador, Washington, B.C. 

The Biebold ropresentative later advised 
NICHOLE the Russians wore not interested 
beoauso tho process tms not developed by 
there own intelligence agency. NICHOLS 
cannot recall the names of any person eon- 
taotlng him as above described and states 
ha had no further contact with these per- 
sons. NICHOLS cannot Identify photographs 
of JOHN HENRY BE OQUAP. 


- RUC - 


BfiTAILSi 


AT PORT COLLINS, COLORAIX) 


Mr. LYKAH NICHOLS, vfho rosldes at Linder- 
man Lake, north of town, was interviewed by 
SAs KENNETH J, BRIDENSTINE and the writer. 



rtopTin or rsi-mis coNfiotuTui ttPoaT and /biJamo ARCnfff'ro'Bi'DisTiiieuitD outside or 

’ ASfaCT TO WHICH lOAREO.. w • • t-* 

^ uEocvniaicNTRiiimiieornci: iia-o-2iosie 


le^sesas'i 









SEARCH SL 


■e A Roam 111% 


SupervlBor /. A Roam J2I1 

Subjt <C 'Ic I --r Ir* (P,', 


u^^ r&at Spelling 
All References 
Subversive Ref* ] 

M all File 

Restricted to Locality of 


Searchers 
Initi al UJ 
Date I D I J l 






FILE NUMBER 


/SERIALS 




//y /.;///</ ... 









rBtRAl BUnUU 




TBhf DENVER. 


U- B. OEBAKT-ilf^T 0^ »USTU*.t 

^ coM:.V-T.]r;.':r.‘^ 


■ P£,C4- 

TEii^raPE 

12-A-52 . 


Mr. pki5..n. 

Mv. f Jm 


3-57 PM MST 


BAS 


• ',/fl RECTOR, FBI,' AND SAC, PHILADELPHIA AND NEWARK U R G E N t '. 
. “ UNKNOWN SUBJECT, WA> ^ICHOLS . EAST RUTHERFORD, NEW JE^y 4 -■ y 




• ' ’ T wnMA<; r.STfAOV , INFORMANT, ESP.. DASH R. LYMAN NICHOLS, ^QBtg gtom^NS, 

• .COLORADO,'; STATES WAS CONTACTED IN NYC IN ABOUT THIRTY SEVEN OR THIRTY 
EIGHT,' BY A REPRESENTATIVE OF. DIEBQLD SAFE AND LOCK COMPANY OF NYC, 

' . WHO SUGGESTED NICHOLS AND DIEBOLD SAFE COMPANY SELL NICHOLS- PROCESS 

•I^ JO' S0VIE?rTHR'0U^7^Mf6RGn:0RP0^^^ " NICHOLS THEN E XHIBITED MICRO-"' 

' SCOPE AND PROCESS TO REPRESENTATIVES OF AMTORG AT THEIR OFFICE IN NYC, 
AND AMTORG REFERRED MATTER TO RUSSIAN AMBASSADOR. WASHINGTON. D.C. _ ^ 

' DIEBOLD REPRESENTATIVE LATER ADVISED NICHOLS THE RUSSIANS NOT INTERESTED 


BECAUSE PROCESS NOT DEVELOPED BY THEIR OWN INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 




•NICHOLS CANNOT RECALL NAMES OF ANY PERSONS CONTACTED, AS ABOVE DES- 
CRIBED, AND STATES HAD NO FURTHER CONTACT WITH THESE PERSONS. ALSO 
STATES NOT CONTACTED BY ANY OTHER PERSONS OTHER THAN FBI PERSONNEL 


REGARDING HIS PROCESS. NICHOLS CANN( 
JiENRY DE GRAAF AS ANYONE HE KNOWS. 


lOTOGRAPHS OF JOHN 


COPIES DESTROYED 


E^a:^ . (4UV 1360 
OK FBI PH PJB 


w.., -if 


V6-00 PM OK FBI WA RD 
OKFBi ^_CP 




9 


SAC, Sowark (SS’^llS) 


December 15, 1952 


^ r Director, rSZ ( 65 ^ 59395 ) 

:■ (^s^^39s-sf 

' UNKSOVU subject, / 


UJf^OWE SUBJECT, / 

j. loa., Nichole, 

Eaet Rutherford, New Jersey; 

% : T* THOUAS L, BLACK • INTORUANT 

:rV' i-ESPIONACE • R . . . 

. ■ -V. :j* ‘ . *.•; ‘ ' c V 

* *>'‘Ji** k\*.. j -’f-'. *a“ 7*.. ' 

:..;j;* ‘i'tr" ■•'’• V'- .R» Denver' tel December' 4, 1952, reflecting 

iv • ‘ .that Lyman Nichole, Tort colline, Colorado, etated 

that he wae contacted in New-Tork city about 1937 or 
1938 by a representative of the Diebold Safe and Lock 
? 4 ':^^^>T:*:-rT'C<>wpony of NIC who, euggeeted that Niohole and Diebold 
r .i ..r, - - : Mil Niohole* prooeee to, the Soviets through Amtorg 
■ corporation^ 


.‘f.y-.v 


A- 


; Bufilee reveal no subversive derogatory 

information oonoerning the Diebold Safe and Look 
company of New York Oitym. 


CO - ^ - Denver (65-781) 

2 - Philadelphia (65-i374) 


' SLfrmc 








FEDEf^l^ BUREAU OF INVESl^ATION 


Vorm'SOrnX 

THIS CASE ORfGINATKD AT MSWAKK 




/■ 


MPORTMAOCAT 


PITTSBURGH 


tmjl ; '' ■- 


OATS WHIM 


1/21/53 


PBAIOO FOR WHICH MAOS 


1/8,9,12/53 


NICHOLS, 


East autherrora. New Jersey; 
-THOHAS L. black' Iniormant 


Rvonr MAO> av 

JOHI^ M. PAGE 


CMAKACTCR O 0 > CAM 


ESPIONAGE - K 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS! , 

- I . ■ 


► ••><1 • 




L W 


• .f 


. Westiaghouse Archives, Pittsburgh, Pa., 
have . no Information rellectlng employ- 
. ment of S.. A.. NIC HOLS,, or JAMES A. 

NICHOLS with the B. F. Sturtevant Com- 
pany, now known as Sturtevant Division, 
"^-VJestinghouse Corporation, itccords reflect 
. . enplc^ent of one G. SETH NICHOLS during 
period 12/12/41 - 3/20/42 at Hyde Park, 

' Massachusetts, Plant of B. F. Sturtevant. 
Photograph obtained. 


-r ^ . 


- ttuC - 


1J5CEA9JI7IED BY 


DETAILS t 




' ■ . On January 8, 1953, H. W. HAlNEy, Jr,, Sales Manager, 

■ ■ ' St\artevant Division, Westlnghoiose Corporation, 1206 

Union Bank Building, Pittsburgh, Pa., advised that 
the old en^iloyment recoras of the B, F. Sturtevant 
Company are presently in the custody of K. C. GKiMES, Custodian of Archives, 
Westinghouse Corporation, 1316 Forbes Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 


hAINEY aavlsed that he had formerly been associated 
with the B. F. Sturtevant Company before tbs merger with the Westlnghouse 



ftrccuo. aakmt 

IW OlAJKlM 


COPIES DESTROY? 
FT NOV 


\m — — -rt INDEXED^e^ 


Bureau (65-59395) (W^.) u. 

3 - Newark (65-4116) (RM) (End.)' 


.3 - 

2 - Pittsbvorgb (65^1453) 


ffldo 


oo NOT wnrra tu thcsq bracks 


23 



APPROPniATT AOINCIES 
^AflD PIEiId OJTICBS 

Al)VrS2f»lr^R0OTI«3 

SLIP(S10P dJLflpiiiO 




i. 


57 


•-S' 


i- v%- 




I, 


B j 

V.-" • 




' ' " II ■ ' II ■ ■ I ^ r ■ ^ 

PROPCm OF rBt-THIS CORFIOCRTMI. REPOST ARO ITS CORTERTS ARE LOAREO TO YOU 8Y me^FB) AHO ARri 
ABCHCT TO WHICH LOABEa 

■ppRif ntrv *f*»r!W*.e »"« 







a. 



PO 65-1453 



Corporatioa. KAiNEl^ recalled one JAMI^iS^lX^HOLb, who haa worked i'or the 
B. Jj‘. Sturtevant Company in the Newark, /liev jersey,, area, under ALXXAlCDEh 
tiARTIN, rtAINEY advised that MARTIN Is presently Eastern District manager, 
Sturtevant Division, N'estinghouse Corporation, 420 Lexington Avenue, New 
York City., wid that MARTIN’S ofiice is located in the (iraybar Building, 
.RAINEY stated that he \ms not personally acq^ 2 alnted with NICHOLS and could ' 
Itcrnish no adaitional ini’ormation. 


-- i - - On januaiy 9, 1953, R;’ C. GRll«iES, Custodian of - 

Archives, Westlnghouse Corporation, 131b Forbes Street, Plttsbiirgh, Fa., 
advised that a review of the Archives records, lialled to reflect any 
I Informr.tion indicating employToent of either S.. aI^^ICHOLS or JAliES A. 
l.f ^ICH CT3_with the B. F. Sturtevant Company, now known as the Sturtevant 
/'Division, V/estinghouse Corporation, 


GR31LS advised that the old Stvurtevant records, v/hich 
’ are very sketchy in detail, do reflect the employiiient of one G. SETH 
j^ICHOLs at the Hyde Park, Massachtaeits Plant of E. F, Sturtevant, Accord- 
/'ing to this record, G. SETH NICHOLS was ennployea as a clerk in the drawing 
room of the B, F. Sturtevant Company at Hyde Parr;, Massachusetts, from 
December 12, 1941, to March 20, 1942, at which ti^ NICHOLS left the 
employ of the company on his m/n accord. This record reflects that 
G. SETH NICHOLS was born June 13, 1905,- at New York, New York; that he 
attended the Hilton Academy ana Harvard university] and that at the time 
of his employment he resided'at Glezen Lane, './ayland , Massachusetts. 

. This record listed the Social Security Number d'Q. ^BTH NICHOLS as 
030-14-3992, and described him as white, male, 5* 6", 130 pounds, married. 


record*. 


A photograph of Q, SETH NICHCLS is included in this 


ENCLOCU.'lES TO 

• • .Two copies of photograph of G. oETH NICHOLS 

- K U C - 






ROOirr lAADS AT . > 


: PZITSBtSUia 

■ , ' 



' HICHOLS, 

Eaat Rcthorfordv If€v Joraegr; 




ncitioo FOR WHICH I 


3/3,9,1^53 


RIFORT AiAOS BY 

JCHH K. PAGB 


CHAJIACTKR OF CACS 

EoPlOKACib - R 



SVNOPStSOPFACTSi--. • 

■ ■••■ ■•• ■.= ■ ■■ » ; ■' , •. - 


WestlziiThoue Arobl'vsfi, Pittntvrgh, Pa., 
have no lafoxnatloa raflooting employ- 
Bont of S. A. SICUQLS, or JAHiui A. 
EICHGLS'vitu ths S. Fm Stnrtevast Coew 
pony, nov known as i:turteTant riviulcn^ 
"’kestin^i^iouoo Corporation. Pecorda refloat 
ODplognsent of ono Q. wRSH KIGHOLS during 
period 12/12/41 - 3/20/42 ot Byde Park, 
Hasaaohusotte, Plant of B. F. Gturtevant. 
Photograph obtalnod. . 


- ROC - 


pmnsi 

Ob Janof^ry 8, 1953, R. W. RAIHSI, Jr., Galas Manager, 
^ ^ ' \ Stnrtavant Blvlalon, Vestingaottao Corporation, 12 j6 

• . Onion Bank Hxtildlmi;, Pittsburgh, Pa., advised that 

tho old o^opBant records of the E. F. Gturtovant 
vV Cocipany am presently In tho custody of R. G. ORyiCC, Custodian of i^rciilvcs, 

. b’estlnghouso Corporation, 1316 i'orboa Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

' ' RAIBSY advised that he had fcriuorly boen asaoclatod 

with the B. F. Stnrtovant Company' before tie ssrger ulth the Vostlnghouso 


DO NOT WRITK IN THCSS SPACES 



COF1S8 or THIS REPORT 

Bureau (65-59395) (RP) 

3 -Bowark (65>4ll6) (rG4) (Enel. 
2 - Plttefcurgb (65-1453) 


sdo 



PROPtRTY or PBI-THI8 COMFIO£linAl REPORT AND ITS CONTENTS ARE LOANED TO YOU B 
A6ENCV TO WHICH 10ANE& iin n imiTir ^anafiTil T 1-’"* 


0 BE DISTBIB'JTEO OUTSIDE Of 


31] 





Ojpce M,emot^ndujn 

” * DIRECTOR, FBI (65=5T3^ 


• UNITED Sr^lS GOVERNMENT 

DATE: 1/20/53 . 


PEO 



SAC NH’/ARK (65-^016) 


. SUBJECT: 



subject 

vfaC^Nichols 

East Rutherford, N.J. 

THOMAS Li:!^L.\CK - INFORl-IAOT 
ESPIONAGE - R 



Re report of SA v;iIXIAM E. ROBINSON dated 12/8/52 at 
Denver, Colorad 9 , It is noted that referenced report indicates 
that l!r. LYIlAtyrfJICHOLS, presently residing at Lindernan Lake, Ft, 

Collins, Coloi^S^a^yi sed that his address book reflected the 
-.^--^irv..addreos^ofrone 'G,..-irjrtfiCKOLS .who. resided at 31B. Tontross Ave,, ^ '* ' 

Rutherford, N.J, . in Approximtely 193 9* - In an .effort to identify ‘ ^ 

' ' G. B. OTCHOLS, the records of the Rutherford, N.'J, Police Department, - ^ 
Bergen and Passaic County Credit Bureau, and the Borough of Rutherford 
Tax Assessors Office were checked with negative results. In addition. 

City Directories and Telephone Directories covering the pertinent 
period were examined; hov.-sver, no listing for a G.B. NICHOLS could be 
found. 


A review of the file in this case reflects that report 
of .SA -BLAKS E. TURICR dated 11/16/51 at Nevrark, M.«|, sets forth 
information concerning one J.BVji^^HOLS vdio resided’at 31B Fontross 
Ave,, Rutherford, N,J, in 1935 or^936. It is noted that the 
information set forth identified J.B, NICHOLS as a woman school 
teacher who had resided at that address with her 10 year old son. 
^vestlgation further reflected that Mrs, J.B. NICHOLS ’rfas apparently 
divorced or separated from her husband inasmuch as neighbors advised 
that he had never resided at that address. In view of the above, 
no ftirther. investigation is being conducted t<r identify G.B. NICHOLS;^ . • . -.- 'i; 


A complete review of. the file in this case reflect'? that 
all persons by the name of NICHOLS who resided in liutherford or East 
Rutherford, N,J, during the pertinent period have been identified 
and eliminated as suspects in this case. The only outstanding leads < 
' are for the Pittsburgh Office at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to reviev; J 
the records of the B.P, Sturtevant, novr the Sturtevant Division 


cc;l.New York (65-15474) 
l.Pittsburgh (65-1453) 


SECtJV'S 


COPIES DESTROYED 




REGISTERED IJVIL 



i S : 

UrPTER TO DIRECTOR 

of the VJestinghouse Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for background 
•infonnation on S.A. NICHOLS and JAISS A. NICHOLS. • 


It is noted that his lead was set forth in report of Sft 
CARL C. PRANK at Boston, Massachusetts. 


In addition, report of SA V/ILLIAM E. ROBERTS dated 12/8/52 
at Denver, Colorado, sets forth a lead for the New York Office to 
contact Mr. R.P. CARGILLE, 118 Liberty St. and ascertain the identity 
of any persons who contacted LIPTAM NICHOLS regarding his reduced 
writing process. The Hem York Office was further requested to determine 
whether Mr. CARGILLE knovra the name of the representative of the 
Dieboid Safe and Lock Gonpany who dealt with LYftVN NICH0I3. 


a». the-; Bureau- advised ^ by -letter-, dated, 

;:&' that &ii^au files contained no subversive derogatory information. . .. 

concerning the Dieboid Safe and Lock Company in New York City^ the 
New York Office is requested to contact the above conpany for any information 
they may have in their files concerning their contact with LYlylAJJ NICHOLS 
in 1937 or 1938. 


t 


•• For conplete information concerning this contact, the. 

New York Office is refeired to the report of SA VilLLIAi-I E. ROBERTS 
dated 12/8/52 at Denver, Colorado, 

The Pittsburgh and New York offices are;'requested to 
conduct the above investigation as expeditiously as possible in order 
that this case may be brought to an early and logical conclusion. 




1 < ' ‘S. • '■'r. "• 




r- 



Office Mem(^ndum • united s':^es government 


Dixector, FBI (65-59395) 


DATE: 1/29/53 





L;;$^^PAUL' PETERSEN, ■ poBsibly the end of 193U or beginning of 1935, PETERSEN ir>- 
r>^57Patn»ted^BUClC to'' locate, a man naaned NICHOLS who lived in the vid-nity of *: 
^'Eaat*'B^torford'/'!N;'' 'J*'^^^CK"empha8l*ed'he'U iwft definitely cerUin of his v 
^^acte -^cauae 'of ithe.. passage, of, tine, . and he'/^cOa^ hia'. tho^ts .on 
" >-^^natter«are'‘nG« ..“vague-. - 


the--i^ 'probably gained, from PETERSEN, that • 

-^^ 4 ^‘iTijICH 0 I 5 t^as Va'ne tallurgieti ^a ’ graduate'* of ‘ MMsaehus etts -Institute ‘ of ■ Tech- V; 
'^^i^S’xiology^ ..and'a xnan' interested in^nicroscopy* * Sft&.CK mas also led to believe, . 

probably by- PBTEEl^^ Amtorg bad dealings with' NICHOLS in his student 

3S^S^dayB,1^ BIACK’.' thought . NICHOLS might, have tutored Russian stadents iihlle at • . .. 


•I^4^.the‘^ n^’^meeting 'mith" PBTERSEN;'» BIACK^reportedXhe j had bee n :umblB . to locate ; 
t%S^^HICH 0 Is/<'^PBTEHSEN‘ 1 U>ld BLACK!^he4-TmuW;take we of the assigment,; ^ACK . 
i;^^''fl»ard.‘no’moM'' about it'fjEmd'nevor 'lade-'COiitact.jdthi NICHOLS*'.;*';^'"; 


After- further recollection,'. BLACK thought the hobby or ^eclalty * . 
^^e^^of5'NiCHOIS''wa8 photomicrography, ’ defined by BIACK^as photography under '. 
;^ffV-‘ nicro8Copio''cbnditioiM, " BIACK thought PETERSEN mentioned this specifically 
since BLACK'mas toi?use this connon Interest as a means of becoming acquainted 


with HICHOIfl#- The * system of reduced writing in.whidi: “photographic dots* 


were uaed was.'claeolf led ae photomicrography ty BIACK# BIACK differentiated 
.^^>^-this from microphotograpl^, mhich. BLACK defined as photographing anything on 
fttnftTi nsgative, BLACK mae definite, in his belief that the main interest 
t* wTr.Hnr.4. um nnntioned bv I^TERSEN. vas nhotcmlorography* 


:-l5 




maOjmiaaam 






PH 65-i;37li 
Dilator, rei . • ' 




* ' " For the infomation of Denver and Nenarkj JC^ HENRY DeGRAAP 
vaa Interrieved in the spring of 1952 hy SA ROBERT S* PLANTZ, of the 
New York Office, and SA CHARLES P. SILVERTHCRN, of the Philadelphia Qf> . 
fice, at Uontreal, Canada, at which time DeGRAAP admitted being an agent 
for the Comintem and the Fourth Department, Soviet Uilitaxy Iztbelligenee, 
during the 1930* 8* DeGRAAP, however, denied operating as a Soviet agent 
in the United States. THOl^ L. BUCK tentatively identified a 1932 
photograph of DeGRAAP as being identic^ with his Soviet superior, PAUL 
PETERSEN* ".i confrontation was held at ~the Thiladelphia Office on 12,^/52 * 
between DeGRAAP and BLACK. After the confrontation BIACK stated he had ~ - 
changed his opinion regarding early 1930 photographs of DeGRAAP and non 
feels these photographs are not of PETERSEN. . cK ?* , . . • 

. While in Philadelphia, JOHN HENRY DeGRAAP was questioned on 
12/6/52 re subject matter by SAs ROBERT S. PLAITTZ, of the New York Office, 
and CHARLES P. SUVERTHC^, of the- Philadelphia Office. DeGRAAP claised 
the name NICHOI^ was not familiar to him. He again denied knowing 31ACK 
or ever giving anyone instructions to find NICHOI^ in East Rutherford, N.J« . 
He vehemently denied he ever operated as a Sovlet agent in the United Statea. 

• RUC. 









- 1 fv jL « 


lESAL BU 


IrM? 3Fi[NVESTICATI0N 

‘T VL "• 


-.V i Mr; Lridrf..^:: 

Wm V.i^frj7/ i+ • . Mr^N/ljr;? - . 



Ap^y.s^tr"^\lP?Bra TMCHaLS. .EAST RUTHERFPHD,iNEff 'JERSEY/- THCi^ L. 

?fet>-VA •I.NroiMMr/.ESPIONAQE..B. ;:,R;:;P.\CAEGILLE. RB-INTERVIEWED." STATED ' Kr '- • 

A-iRETIISir OF-HIS.-DIAHr .REFLECTS. TWO pirK.STPT.1?.' PirDOTKnri,rii»:ii?MtiwT>«s I’A - .'i .. . • . 




?OSSiaY.:HE/:CARGLlI£/.REra^^ TO'hIu'’as' SUCH IN DIART^'r^A ' ' •' 

>c«' INTEmOENCE iW.lARECm^-Olffi-'^ pr’lST 


j?;V*5?»v J ., ■* TPW Y1? A PQ ^ rtT.T\‘ 'otto /"rrmpf ^ ATiTl' A 



^ - V J »■ Hs-V '^.4. '' ' ^ > S A” ■ •" 





^EDEBAL BUBEAU OF IHVESTIOATIOK C? ,' •' ^i>V V' -.v , ‘ • • 

i- ^ . ■-;;. -w . ,v.;_ ■, - "rVu‘? :v:---'v- • -■.-■ ••■'--■■ 

• ’ ", <'•■■♦ .-•’ I'l: r-’' ;• 

UNITED. 8TATES;DEPABTMEHT; OF JUSTICE , ^ _ ' -.x 

i- .■• ,' ,o. \ 7 ' '.'■- P V * "■ ■' 

, V *»?. i- .‘ -.'Jivl- -V"-,' '-- - v\' 




.-.- .-'•f K-' ■ 











I ' /■< * "^ Uei'* ** 

■rr.: <y.-,V.^.>--'^.-'C- 
*.V‘ 

' v ’ ** ' 

•1 

‘'-. •‘-.V, .n-*- ?s\ -r. 

















FEDEBAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIOH 


IS DEpXrtMEMT of JUSTICE 
. ---- il— BBtf Yl 


28, 1953 • . 

-:v t';;. r/' ■ 


.. • » ' . / " . ^ CLvn 

j / j. nArhn 

iF JUSTICE ^ “ '\/ ^ ' I " ' ^ ^ " 

f Trary 

mi YORK, N.Y* ' }J^' : 

28,. ,iss3 £.: : • Mri-T^ii;;;;;^ 

“? * ^ Trie, H6m J 


6^59395 Mr. Iluliiitmi n, 

' I Mr. S:y.oo ■ 

5 *^ ' * I ^ndy 1_ 


^Wc^UHSUB WA^CBaLS,'-BAST RDTHEEPQRD,t HEW' JERSEY, ESP-R. , BERBP VUXIAM EjNgl fe^ 

:.■ -v- - . ■• :-v.-^ - •• . ' 

V*4?j^^4' VR0BIHS0H, I)EHVI!»,!^ BIQHT, PIFTITtfO.' R„ P. CAROILUE, ORE ONE SE7IK ■; ,^ 

iiBBRrrVsf , Hic,v in'i'Eaviajs" jAjf s ’awo; sevew last.: .- advised he recallhj, / /» . - 'iv*. . 


W^%^: ACOOMPANnm.I^ TO.'A'OCBlHEaCIAL* SAFE CO., PROBABLY DIEBQQLD SAFE k V 

^tV#^^i^^; 00.,-'m>PaRFOSB .aF.SEIJJNQ.A REDUCED HRZ71B0 INSTRUMENT IHVEBTB) BY NICHQLS.'r 

^ A ’• • r '>->>- i .' ’ ‘ . ■*’‘’ ,'. J 

^4?^a'., CAE01LI£ CANNOT RECALL VHY BE ACCOMPANIED NICEOLS BUT STATED EE HAD BEOf / ' ': ^ 

-V.: ^ ;- '•-■•' ' ' .I' ■• ■ . '-r- . ' ■' ’ ‘ ' •- ' ' ‘ V" 

® ?^0:<TRTIHQ,TO'CffiT'HICHOLS' INVENTION CW THE MARKET.' STATED INVENTION OONSISTED OPt^-'- 

A*'- A MACHINE mCH WOULD REDUCE \iRITIllQS TO A PINR3I^^ RECALIED THAT NICB3LS 

^ x^raLT BBST.USAGE WAS IN INTELLIOENCB AND SECRET SERVICE FIELDS. . RECALLED . 

> -I ■_•■-■:. -. .. .___• .• '• •' ‘ •• 


-^INDIVIDUAL AT DIEBQLD CO. OCCUPIED AN OFPICB AND APPEARED TO BE AN OFFICIAL. .u* 




l ''.THIS.IHDIVIDUAL’sTATEd'eE was familiar WITH SECRET SERVICE AND OTELLIOENCE . . S . 

■?■ r't- ■• • ' ■ • ■ ^ •• ,i - ■•'•T ...'^ •'■ ■ - • - ■'• - ■ . 

MATTERS and; A DISCUSSION TOOK PLACE ABOUT THE HECESSITT IN TIME CP WAR GF^^vW , 

'fc . .. . . ; v V'- ’-'-V-' 

,j4<SLIPPINq MESSAGES. TIfiU ENEMY UN^. . CAROnXE PLACED TIME OP. CONFERENCE AS WHEN 

ffSBuaQPE^HAS;5f.VaLR'BUT.BOT'^THB'tr.S^-^UHa^ 'MADE MEITI^ OpIbUSSIAH--^^^ 

• V OOfVT INTEREST NICHOLS MIGHT. HAVE TO. GO TO RUSSIA. CAROILLE POINTED, :i'V- 

'•■ s'- •■•■■' -•'■;> , ■ ^' -■ •'•"•'■•i -r.-''/ 

' i .OUT THAT* HICHaLSV ABILmWOULD"B^ ESSENTIAL. TO THE OPERATION OF, THE MACHIp.^ ' 





^ -•■ -■ -■•* '-v- ■•>'.■■■■ .. 


. ■ ;6aNN0T.RBCALL ANY OTHER NBQOTIATIGIIS EKCKPT THAT BOTHIHO CAME OUT OP THE :.' 1 


VISIT. ' ; CAROILLE RECALLED KEETIHO NICSOLS THRU ONE HARRY ROSS,' OPTICIAN, 


m 


• SEVam BROAWAI, NYC, A CLOSE FRIEND OF NICHOLS. ■ BELIEVED BOSS POSSIBLiZ 

' /... .'V a -. -t-.- ;■ , . - . -■ 

NEt^IATIONS. :> STATED nCBOLS HAD HO lORMAL mCBOROUNDj;^ - • 
Jd t6^ never USED M.I.T. AS A BACKGROUND.'- HO KNOWLEDGE •OP^ ’---^ 






[%«^Speoial AgenC in Charge 














^ ' 




AIR 


r 

E L 


I 




I 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT ^JUSTICE 


EPARTimiT^pr^ 

HEliT ^OR k7"27io/53 




ansmit the following Toletypo aossage to: BUREAU 

»rr 


L.^I 


UNSUB.^MCHOLS, EAST RUTHERFORD, N. J.; THOMAS L.'^LACK, 
INFORMANT. HARRY ROSS, JO WEST BROADWAY, NYC, INTERVI 
TODAY AND ADVISED HE KNEW LYMAN NICHOLS WAS WORKING ON ^ 


rpi3ft Tolmin 

Mr. Lttdj 

Mr. 

Mr. uiftrln 

Mr..l:-W 

Mr. ll -rn 

Mr. T.»*:y 

Ut. V . 
Mr. M 

Mr. V '^crrovx-! 
Trie. V m — 
Mr. U 

M; . 

Ai-.^ -Jy 



W: 


REDUCED .WRI TING INSTRUMENT' BUT WAS UIJABLE TO PUrNISH-ANY 
PERTINENT INFORMATION. STATED HE HAD VERY LITTLE CONTACT 
with' NICHOLS AFTER 1940, KNEW OF NO OCCASION WHERE NICHOLS 
REPRESENTED HIMSELF AS M.I.T. GRADUATE OR DISPLAYED INTEREST 
IN METALLURGY. NYO WILL, ACCORDINGLY CONTACT DIEBOID SAFE 
CORPORATION, ^ ^ ' 7 



BOARDMAN 



L BUREAU OF 


TICATION 


. UNITED STATES DEP^^?;MENT OF JUSTICE 

New York,.llfi.y_}Laclf / 2/18/53 

J \.Alr-Tel / 

Trlnemit the foil owing ^T^type oesaage to: BUREAU 


-tim 

I Wv 

I -- 

M--- 

[ -•"- « SCO, 

j AT.ti CjaJy • 


UNSUB', NICHOLS EAST RUTHERFORD, N. J. , THOMAS L. BLACK,J 
ESPIONAGE DASH R. :MR. E. GALLAGHER, DIEBOLD SAFE CO., ( 

WEST PORTYPIFTH STREET , ;‘kYC , ADVISED NO RECORDS MAINTAINED kf. 

NYC OFFICE. ALL RECORDS AT MAIN OFFICE, CANTON, OHIO. GALLAGHER 
UNABLE TO FURNISH ANY PERTINENT INFO. GALLAGHER STATED A RECORD 

^ jj 

OF ALL CONTACTS. MADE BY DIEBOLD CO. REPRESENT ATTVSS ARE MAINTAINED 
BUT WAS UNABLE TO ADVISE LENGTH OF TIME RECORDS ARE KEPT. STATED 
DIEBOLD CO. ALSO IN MICRO FILM FIELD AND WOULD POSSIBLY BE 

.J*- 

INTERESTED IN A REDUCED WRITING INSTRUMENT.’ NYO WILL-SDREP 
AND SET' OUT APPROPRIATE LSAD FOR CLEVELAND OFFICE, 


BOARDMAN 


.. . 


(3)-Bureau C65-59395). 
2-Den ver (AIR MAIL) 
-ErNewark 


RAM:RB (#6) 
65-131.74- 

68MA.R5 1953/ 


Approved:. 




Special Agent in Chan 







% 9 

FEDErS 

^iffiviWLK 


MAMAT . 

fi-raroH] 


— nsi-raromc 


ClATV WHOU 

2W53 



fUMirr MAOK BY 


RICHAi^ A. mwIHAi; 



" iJICHOI^^ East nutherford, N.J.; 


CMARACmt or CA«S 


'fHa4AE L^^SIJiCKj I nforma nt 


ESPIOMGE • E - • 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTBl 


DETAILS: 


•' B. P. CARGILLE, .117 Liberty St., OTC, adviced 
^that; LXIAIi EICHOLS shared office space vitb him • ' 

^-in the late 1930*s and had perfected a reduced 
wi'iting instrument vhich he had attempted to sell 
to the U.S.-60vernment. . CABGILLS recalled on one 
• occasion he accompanied KICHOLS to a safe company 
located lovrer Broadway near Canal St,, inrc, and 
had a discussion with a third, unknown individual 
at the safe comijany concerning selling JJICHCELS' 
invention to the Kussian government, CABGILIE 
stated WICHOLS felt his invention was best suited 
for intelligence work. HABRY BOSS, 70 W. Broadv;ey, 

NYC, recalled NICHOLS invented a reduced writing 
instrument, was unable to furnish ai^ pertinent 
information. Inquiry at Diebold Safe Corp., IvYC, 

negative. ^PPRCPRlATIi: AGENCIES 

AND FIELD OFFICES 

“ . advised BY RODTlHp 


Mr, R. P. CARGILLE, 11? Liberty Street, Ifew Y^k City, was ' 

. interviewe^^J^uary 27, 1953 s-ad February 2, 1953» CAROiri^ recalled 
\ that LYlIAlf^(7lCH0LS shared office space. with him for approximately three 
'■- years up to' approximately 19’iO. i-ir. CABGriJJS explained NICHOLS spent 
- - little or no time in the office hut used it es more of a mailing address, 
Mr. CAIiGILLE described MICKOLS as “tops” in the microscopic field and an 
. individual without any formal educational background. He stated that be 


Aptroved and 

rORWAROCOi 



DO NOnr WRITE IN THCSS SFACCS 


ii 


5j-Cui'ec.u. (65-593955^^3 I>ESTBO 

3-HowarY (65-Ull9)(fc.;|2 23 , 

2-Cleve^nd (RM) wn -.0 , 

1- Denver ( 65-761 )(info.)(RM) 

2- iIev Ysrk (65-15474) 



FSOrEBTV Of FBI-THI 8 COHFIOEMnAL BEPOBT AHO ITS CONTENTB ABC LOAHEO TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ABE HOT TO SC OISTBIBUTED OUTSIOC OF 

-n I'M 

J • • Tr b nunu. wna H tl»lll ■ 










i:y 65-3 


had no ■ knowledije of NICHOIS usinc the ilc.GS£chusetts Inctitute of Tecknolo^^y r.s 
back^ound or having any interest in metallurgy. 

3 ‘ CARCILIS Mealled that he originally met NICHOLS in the late 1930*8 
_tnroi^h one 70 ^"fest Eroedway, lICTr yi»j»k City, vho deals in optical 

guppiio6--and_jnlci*<is copes, and it was as a rc^lf^of this introduction that 
CARGILLE agreed t6~alIOv7-TiieH01iS-± o use_ bis o^ice -apace. Mr. CARGIU^ 
pointed oat that he is a broker and at tempEETtOTBell— ideas _end new products 

to interested purchasers. He reeallc that IIIpFai.S .bad constructed'o-rodacad^ 

writiug instrument which through the use of ^ValCroscope would reduce wi'itings 
of letter size to pinpoint size. He recalledi'^'6at!^.jncH0LS felt there was 
little commercial value to his Invention an£^^Qia>t^;£He best usage was in 
intelligence and secret service field.- to interest the United • 

States government in bis invention but notljliw^gjrej^ came of it, ' 

Sometime after Europe was at war butjsijfore the United States v;as at 
war, probably in 19^0, CAhGILLE recalled accoapianying 1^ICII0LS to the offices 
of a safe company, the name of which he could not recall, GTiie name Kebold 
Safe Csmpany was suggested to Mr. CAHGILLE by the reporting Agent and he stated 
it could possibly be the pjebold Safe Company. He could not recall why be 
accompanied NICHOLS but stated be had been trying to get NICHOLS' invention on 
the market and possibly someone had suggested an Individual at this companj' 
to either NICHOLS or himself. In any event, NICHOLS and CARGILIE visited this 
individual at the safe company, which was located on Broadway close to Canal 
Street, New York City, and CATiGILLE believed the individual to be in a 
position of authority and recalled him to be in his middle forties, short and 
heavy set. He stated he was unable to remember the person's name. 


-This unknown individual told CARGILLE and NICHOLS that he was familial* 
with secret service and intelligence matters and a discussion took place con- 
cerning the necessity of slipping secret messages through enesiy lines during 
vrar time end bow NICHOLS' reduced writing instrument might be of value, 

CAHGIIUE recalled that mention was made by this unknown individual of the 
Russian government's interest and that if the invention was acceptable to the 
Russian government it. might necessitate .NICHOLS going to Russia. CAIiGILLE 
pointed out that NICHOLS' ability would be" absolutely essential to the success-, 
ful operation* of the* reduced i/riting "Instrume'nt He could not re'call any 
•other negotiations concerning NICHOLS and the reduced writing instrument end 


stated that to his knowledge nothing ever came out of this meeting. 


Mr. CARGILLE stated that he would review his notes and diaries in 
an attempt to secure additional information, end on February 2, 1953> advised 
he had located a diary reflecting two possibly pertinent entries: "March 14,- 
^ : 19^tO. J-f^iAUBu called re micro sharp", and "March 19, 19^0. Secret service 
/‘Y representative called, re micro sharp". CAl^GILLE recalled that NICHOLS and 
"'* used the name micro sbrarp os a code name for the reduced writing iiiGtrument| 

He s'^ted at this time be was negotiating with another invention named •\ *. , 


] i 


l£ 


- 2 




IJY 65-15^7^ 


"Sea'sharp" in the photography field and possibly he had thought of the name 
micrl^ sharp. CARGILLE believed that J. BAUER could possibly be the individual 
from* the safe company and that the notation 'becret service representative" 
could also apply to J. BAUER as he recalled that the individual at the safe’ 
company stated he was familiar with secret service and intelligence work and ' 
possibly, be CARGILLE, referred to him as such in his diary, i-Ir. CAi^GILLS 
again stated that NICHOLS' invention had no commercial potential and was 
designed primarily for intelligence work. CARGILI^ stated that sometime in 
the early 191^0 's he had NICHOLS' name removed from the door, 

CARGILLE recalled one, first name unknov/n, MC GUCKIN, 121 West Side 
Avenue, Ridgewood, Hew Jersey, as a friend of NICHOLS end familiar with micro 
sharp. He stated this address was approximately^ n years old but that the 
current address of MC GUCKIN’s son is FLOYD GUCKIN, 314 North Monroe 

Street, Ridgewood, NeM_Jer6ey. . , . • - 

Mr, CARGILLE stated that he believed illCHOLS to be a loyal end 
trusthworthy American, 

R^RRY RCSS, 70 West Broadway, New York City, was Interviewed on 
February 10, 1953, advised that he knew that LYMAN IllCHOLS was working on 
a reduced writing instrument in the late 1930 *s but was unable to furnish any 
further details, ^He stated that he used to give NICHOLS jobs in the late 
1930 *s but had little or no contact with him since 1940, Mr, ROSS knew of 
no occasion when NICHOLS represented himself as an JUT graduate or displayed 
interest in metallurgy, Mr. ROSS stated one JOEli^C GUCICIH, 121 Vfest End 
Avenue, Ridgevrood, New Jersey, vt.B a close friend of KICHOLS and would be in 
a position to furnish inforiMition concerning HICHOLS and the reduced writing 
instrument. He mentioned that JOHN MC GUCKIN has of late been in ill health. 

Mr. ROSS stated that from 1940 on NICHOLS had become quite independent and that 
he was unable to furnish any information from that date on concerning him. • He 
believed that he had probably introduced NICHOLS to CARGILLE sometime in the 
late 1930’s, -Mr. ROSS knevr of no information of a derogatory nature concerning 
NICHOLS' patriotism or loyalty".. ... ‘ ' 

* Confidential Informant T-1, of known reliability, advised that 

Dlebold, Inc., ^vas engaged in the manufacture of safes, bank vaults, office 
systems, and microfilming equipment, end maintains Hew York branch sales offices 

at 2 West ^45 Street and 63O Fifth Avenue, New York City, along with sales 
offices located in thirty-eight principal cities end nineteen sub-offices. 

The offices and main plant are located at &00-C22 Mulberry Road, S.E,, 

■Canton, Ohio. 


Mr, E. P, GALLAGHEN, Diibold Cafe Corporation, 2 West Street, New 
YorkJ|City, advised that no records ere maintained by the company in New York 
City^ that ell records are located at the company's main office. Canton, Ohio. - 
Mr. Gallagher stated that records of all contacts of Diebold Company repre- 
sentatives are maintained but was unable to state the length of time. He stated 


- 3 - 


wn i»^< y "^^*»x? €N^4^ ^ -1% ' /■ ' 

that 4he Diebold ■ Company vas S.n the microfilm field and would possibly be 
inteiysted in a reduced writing instrument, GALLAGHER advised that there 
was it individual presently employed in .New York City by the company named 
BAUER He recommended that contact be made with Cicbold, Inc., 6l8 Mulberry 
noad,*S.E., Canton, Ohio, in an effort to locate a file on the NICHOLS' 
negotiations , Mr. GALLAGHER advised that Diebold Company formerly had an 
office at 321 Broadway, New York City. 

■ ■ It is to be noted that the address 321 Broadway, Hew York City, is 
.in the vicinity of Canal Street. 






c. a-r**** 6 » n • r • li * ^ 





Aiy/^II^ISi’liATI'/S PA-aS 


■ \ • & 
KY 65-I5VA 






MISCELLAinSOUS 


CSlJY-1 


Por the i^ormation of the Cleveland Office, THK-IAS L, BLACK, an 
admitted Soviet espionage agent, has advised that he vas instructed by his 
superior, PAuO^TE3SSH» in 1935* "to locate one NICHOLS (phonetic) 

in East 'Ruthe;’^ord,-~lT ev Jers ey^, and re-establish contact with bln. PETERSEN 
described NICHOLS as a metallurgist and a graduate of luassachusetts -Institute 
of Technology Vh6 had previously given valuable information to the Soviets. 

It is black's recollection that PETERSEN told him that NICHOLS bad a hobby 
of microscopy and may have tutored Russian students at MIT* LYIIAN NICHOLS is 
presently being considered as a possible suspect for Unsub NICHOLS although 
investigation has reflected that he did not attend MIT nor has it been 
developed that he had any interest in metallurgy. 


A copy of this report is being designated for the Denver Office in 
view of the fact LTn»IAN NICHOLS presently resides vithin their Division. ' 

.1: . . . 


LEADS 


CLEVELAITD 

AT CANTON, OHIO 


V/ill, at Diebold, Inc., 816 Mulberry Road, S.E., ascertain if the 
files of the corporation reflect any information concerning negotiations with 
LYMAN NICHOLS, 11? Liberty Street, New York City, in approximately 19^# con- 
cerning a reduced writing Instrument based on microscopic writings. 

-> tX. Hill ascertain if .an -individual naiaed -BAUER was an.^mployee.;.of -thel^-' 
Diebold Company in New York City in the late 1930 's and early 19^0 's and, if 
so, further identify him, 

NEI'IARK 


. , j 



AT RIDGEWOOD, HEW JERSEY ' ' 

\7ill interview J0I3I MC GUCKIN, 121 West End Avenue, for any informa- 
tion he might possess concerning NICHOLS' reduced writing instrument. 

T' Report of SA WILLIAM E. ROBINSON, Denver, 12/8/52 - 





FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


T^onnKo.! 

This case orioinated at 


M^ofrri4M at 


SBtABS 


MmnuMAT 

aBViooc 


DATS WKCN miOD FOR WHICH ftiADi 

8/^ |V27f8AlA, 


nCBOLS, But Butlwrfbrd, B.J.I 
XBfbiwnt 



SSFXOmUJB • B 


SYNOPS'S OP-PACTBl 


SU-T. CABSniZ, U7 UBcrtr 8t.« IXC, aftflMd . 
tkat UHAV BiamuA g&area offie8-8pacs tiis ' 
la tte lata 1930*a and bad parfbeted a rcdaead 
nrltlag ia at r uaen t ahleb ba bad attanptcd to aall 
to tba 0»8« B O Wiiiaan t- C dlWF JA reeaUad oa eaa 
oecaaion he accenpanlad 11CE0LS to a aafb company 
located Xover Broadaay near Ccaal 8t«« mCj aod 
bad a dlaeuaalon vltb a tblrd^ ttakxsMi iadlTldual 
at tba aafa cee ^pa ny eoaearnlag aalllag BICB(SJB* 
iaveatlOB to the fmaalaa cP^wiamt* CdB&ZUS 
atatcd BICBOLS Halt bla Inacsttak vas beat aoltad 
for intaillp mca voA « S&BRX fiOSS^ 70 Broadnay, 
BSCf recalled aTcnota isfented a razeed vritlas 
Iaatruaent^ «aa uabla to furaiah any pertlaant 
laforaattoa, inquiry at Blabold Safe Oonp*^ HlCf 
Befiatlaa* 


• sue • 


Mr. B. P. CABOniM, 117 liberty Street, Bev TOrk City« «aa 
latezrletKd January 27 , 1953 aed Febroary 8 , 3953 » Mr. CABOIXXB recalled 
tbat LBttl BICaOLS abared office apace vltb bla for appro xlnat ely three 
•^^eere up to appraadaately 19 i) 0 » Hr* CARQTUg explain^ BXCSQLS epent 
little or no tiae la tbe office but aaed it as nore of a Bailies adOreee* 
Hr* CAfiOlZJS deaertbed BZCBOLB aa *topa* la tba aicroeoople flald aod an 
ij^Tidual vltbout any formal e d aea t toaal batksrouad* Be atated tbat be 


AFPROVCD AND 
* PORWAROHDi 


AoaMr 

IN CMAMOB 


DO NOT WAITS IN THH8S SFACCB 



PROPERH OF rsl-THtS CONFIDENTUL REPORT AMD tT8 COMTEMTS ARE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI ABO ABE HOT TO BE DISTRIBUTED. OUTBIDS OF 
AGENCY TO WHICH LOANED. . . 

e A Mfiuam mimM amci 1 *— fOlW-* 













FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


FormKo,! 

TM is CASS OHIO INATHS AT NEWARK 


RS^ORTMA^AT 


DATS WHIM RCRIOO FOR WHICH MAOS RIFORTMAOSSY 


^26-28/53 STUART E. CHALIFOUX 


NICHOLS. East Hutherford, 

IW. J.; ^ ESPIONAGE - R 

THOMAS L. BLACK, Informant 


SYNOPSIS OF FACTS! 




JOHN MC GTJCKIN, Ridgewood, N. J. , 
advises he has been acquainted with 
LYMAN NICHOLS since approxlmatsly 
19i!0. Aided subject in construction 
of reduced writing Instrviment. 

Knows of no attempts on part of 
LYMAN NICHOLS to sell instrument. 

/..Unable to furnish any Information.-.!,,,:-:' 


• It Is noted that Mr. HARRY ROSS,.. 70 West 
/Broadway, New York. City, who was previously - 

• interviewed'' In^'connection' with this case, '■ -f 
/advised that J0HN:MC.GUCKIN, 121 West 

-•Avenxie, Rldgewood,“ N.'' J. V was a close ‘frlend!?'V«V.v.A 

• of -LYMAN - NICHOLS ‘ and would possibly be in a V.'/) 
jfpositlon’ to furnish Information' concerning . 

a V. A i.'YI -a -a f: 'a a ^ 


COPIES DKTROYBp.^.. J#^ advised that.lhe 'has been acquainted 
PP IS hftV 23 tQ6n‘ *:/ with LVMAN>4tICH0TA. who formonWVARldPid In 


NOV 28. I960 with LYMAlfii^CHOLS, who formerly 'reslded 

iS .Nut^y,. ,N. ’ J. ,’• and presently/resides In the^'/ t^ 














f^. 



65-4116 

r r . • ■ 





vicinity of Denver* Colo., since approximately 1940* 



- 'H 






v* 





He stated that he originally became acquainted 
with him because of their mutual interest in microscopy. 

He advised that both he and LYMAN NICHOLS were members of K 
a microscopic society in New York City. . 

" •••'VMC'GUCKIN stated that in the early 1940‘s NICHOLS 
■ contacted him for advice and aid concerning a reduced writing 
instrument with which NICHOLS was experimenting at the time. 
In this regard, MC GUCKIN noted that NICHOLS was considered 
to be a poor mechanic, although l^Ad an extremely keen 
analytical mind. 



MC GUCKIN stated that at that time NICHOLS requested 
that he do some mechanical work for him in connection with the' t 
reduced writing instrument with which he was experimenting. 

MC GUCKIN stated that he did certain mechanical work for NICHOLS . 
on this reduced writing instr\ament and thereafter from time to 
time, he did other work of a mechanical nature for NICHOLS* 

He advised that as a result of this association, he 
and his wife formed a fairly close social relationship with 
the NICHOLS family and did occasionally visit at the NICHOLS' 
residence. MC GUCKIN stated that NICHOLS had never said 
anything to him which wotild have indicated that he was atteQq>ting 
to sell his reduced writing instrument, and he could furnish no 
information concerning any negotiations which might have taken 
place between NICHOLS and the Dlebold Safe and Lock Company . . - 1 

'Of New York city."---«''=^^"-'^- 


MC GUCKIN Stated that NICHOLS had apparently been 
working on his reduced writing Instrument for many years, but 
because of his poor mechanical ability the instruments which 
he had. been able to produce by himself were rather crude and 
did not produce the desired result. He advised that the 
Instnanent on which he worked with NICHOLS was a more advanced 
model than anything NICHOLS had been able to produce himself 
and was capable of reducing writing to one one -thousandth of 
its original size. 

% 

' MC GUCKIN advised that he knew nothing of NICHOLS' ■- 

background and would be unable to state whether NICHOLS had 
a college education. 



. -i 


• • 






ra 65-lt.ii6 ; ; . - 



He stated that when he originally made NICHOLS' 
acquaintance* it appeared that NICHOLS was in rather dire 
rinancial straits and had little or no income. He advised* 
however* that during the war NICHOLS obtained contracts 
from the Government and from various companies which were 
doing work on Government contracts for the making of 
reticxiles* which are used in binoculars and gunsites* 

MC GUCKIN berieved that NICHOLS had- apparently done a good 
• deal of this work since he apparently made quite a bit of 
money during the war. 


He advised that NICHOLS is a person who is inclined 
to be of a nervous disposition because of the exacting nature 
of his work and would probably be considered peculiar by 
persons who were not well acqtiainted with him. He stated* 
however* that from his own observation he had no doubt of 
NICHOLS' loyalty to the Government of the United States. 

MC GUCKIN advised that he last saw NICHOLS shortly 
before he left for Denver* Colo.* and has had no contact with 
him since that time. 




& 




•** •• -W#* • ■*' ’* * • ** »* *^'»** ■ |k k ,' • '* • “*‘*1- .V* j* ■*•' 4 


t^' 


TT- - # 

, / 




ADMINISTRATIVE PAGE 


LEAD 


• NEWARK OFFICE • 

'*■'>’ ' -I-'-' ■- ’ 


, -‘At Newark 




. 


y-' Wlllf upon the completion of Investigation by 

the Cleveland Office, submit recommendations as to the 


advisability of conducting further investigation in this 
case. 






REFERENCE 




Report of SA RICHARD A. MINIHAN, dated 2/26/53 
at New York. 








• W* " - “ . _ • 

^,^ 4 ^ 5 






A 




(f f 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Ft»nnNo.l rrcniAThTr 

THIS CASE ORiGINATCD AT UCJWAIvK 


RlPOimiJ^AT 

BEWARE 


DATS WHDi 


UA/S3 


MtlOO rOA WHICH I4ADS 


3/36-28/53 


STUART E. CHALIFOUX cmg 


imji 


HICHOLS. East RutharfordJ 
THOMAS L. BLACK, Informant 


RSPIOUAGE - R 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTBi JOHN MC GUCKIN# Ridgewood, B« J», 

advises he has- been acquainted with. 
LYHAH NICHOLS since approximately 
191|.0. Aided subject In construction 
of reduced writing Instrument. 

Knows of no atteii^>t8 on part of 
LYMAN NICHOLS to sell Instrument. 
Unable to furnish any Information 
as to subject's possible dealings 
with Dlebold Safe Corporation, 

New York City. 


P 


DETAILS: 



It Is noted that Hr. BARRY ROSS, 70 west 
Broadway, New York City, %6io was previously 
Interviewed In connection with this case, 
advised that JOHN MC GUCKIN, 121 Vest End 
Avenue, Ridgewood, N. J., was a close friend 
of LYMAN NICHOLS and woiild possibly be In a 
position to furnish Information concerzxlng 
LYMAN NICHOIS and his reduced writing . 
Instznaaent.' ' - . ..x. 


JOHN HC GUCKIN, 121 Vest End Avenue, Ridgewood, 
N. J., advised that he has been acquainted 
with LYMAN NICHOLS, who formerly resided In 
Nutley, N. J. > and presently resides In the 


APTROVSO AND GffMloL AacKT 

PORWARDCOi MCmjwiM 

DO NOT WRITS IN TMESfi BPACSB 






COPIES or THIS KtTotrr 

Bureau (65-59395) 

3' - Newark (65-4116) 



r ^ ; 



• 


rROfERTY OF FBI-THIS CONFIDENTIAL REPORT AND ITS COinSTS ARE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ABE HOT TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE Of 
A6ENCY TO WHICH LOANED. 

nr B. fc MWMimi WMmM met U W ttH 


i 



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’■‘.-S., taERAL'S 


F^aERAL’SUREAU OF INVE^IGATION 


Br, 




FouMHo.! ■' - r-NEWARK 

THIS CASS OmaMATID AT ‘ 


RSPORT MAOS AT 

•7- ■ CI2EVELAKD 

? '• . -f ^ ’■ 


luLUiftEI 


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OATS WHSM^ 


rauOO SOA MTHICM MAOS ftCPORT MAOS ST 


4^/53 


HAROLD E.- ?/EinA‘ 


‘ mrd 


; ' '■"^' » MICHOlSt East Rutherford, Nev/ Jersey; 

•THOilAS iJZfifijCCK, Infonnant . . .• ■■ - 


eHARAcm or casb 


ESPIONAGE -.R-V- 


*"^^1 \: ..GEORGE BOCKIUS, President, 'Diebold Co.,*,. 

7 ’ Canton, QhlOj advised company • 

:v 7 '' Av contain no record of negotiations 

ATt%;'( 7 h:Vtwith Ln£AN NICHOIS. ■ Nor do records Teflect 
’’i'XX ] employee by the name of BADER in the New ' *' 

York office. BOCKIUS does not recall any . 
■~Kv'^ ' .'■ ’v'jVA ^ ■ A ' negotiations relating to “micro sharp." ’• . 
. 7 f. * " -' :■ Former employees of the York Safe Co., 

i. New York, are now in Diebold's employ ' 
AAA"'.rt “:/■ '■•. at the New York office., . , ' ' 

■■••‘•A ■►,.•" ■ ■' ■“ '■ ■ •/■.. ■•••■-'■ *■-. 

•• *' R.D c;--,- ^ ■'••: 

vv-V' ’> '■;• - •• .---/v* ' i' -. .■••.•• -V V. •: 

V •“ DETAIJ^ ■ ' •■ '■ .‘" At Cant on j QM .y-'v'. ^ ' ;■ * '--'j. ■ ’ ’ • V , 


BOCKIUS, President, Diebold Company,;- > 

A } Incorporated, 318 Mulberry Road, S.E., 

\’'iV •■- • ’• ‘ i-A 'advised that , the company's negotiation file 

BrprTATv/ctwciKS ■' ‘ ■ 

wTwtn r.-rriri-KB - •'•' V ‘ ’ information contained therein concerning 
iSED BYROmilO * "nderb sharp" or a reduced vnriting instrument, 
p/c\ nv /^tflSLAV ■ ■ “ 0 ^ ^^as there any record of negotiations 
a rif o A W with mAN/MlCHOIS. BOCKIUS ' > ‘ 

r \ related that the fli^old Company did not ^ 

<y y TRft T^ ics Tit(tv wft ^"^become interested in'ioicrofiljiilng'until ' ■! *jr 

D «o fcinu 0‘i VERN PRATT, who was a ’former • Diebold 

Nyy r employee, developed this technique 'for the •*. ' ^ 

'’'^^-■'■'-1 r- •■•: '.conipany. - j.-, r '-i 

•■-■K- ■-• - v'.' V -••■ • r- ■ . 

;; 7 J .'/Ife; tV;. BOCKIUS disclosed that PRATT is now retired 




-1 .. \ "x ■• ’ r' ■■ 

TL'-;" .* » . • •> , 


■prpniATS/GEKCIBS , 
: FIELD C-FFICES n. y 
riSEDBYROWXn ■ 


\ 
\ 





. •.PROP£R3Ii6'^EaH8l-f€^M396^)idential report and its contents are loaned to you by the FBI and are not to be 
y*', i,.. r j. -distributed outside of agency to whichdoaned. ■’ > 4 ; ' • C .v ■ \ 

v . .«:«• amtnimi r ^ - 

:7 9 MAYl 9 lM 31 ?r!-v? " « • 











.vfhich is located just outside of Norwalk, Connocticut. PEATT had a . 

' vdde acquaintance among people in the microscopic field and quite 
possibly would have knovm NICHOIS, according '.to BOCKIUS, 

BOCKIUS stated that EI2IER NSLSON is presently Branch *-V \ ■. ' * 

Manager of their New York office and' possibly may recall any nego-^ 
tiations concerning a reduced writing instrument if the DLebold 
Company ;)tfa^,.«Ctually contacted, > Ee also named RA^fKqjFraER and 

foTTner employees of the York Safe and Lock Company, ■ 
v/hich"^Diebold bought out, as possibly being able to furnish any i . 

information in the event NICHOIS had contacted their organization • ’ . , ' - 

concerning his reduced witing instrument. • ^ •. 

Mr. BOCKIUS stated that the company's records failed ^ , . j 

to reflect that -they ever had an indi-vddukl named BAUER employed . 

in their New York. office. ' . . > - , . ‘ ' : • ' 

■ • . 

■ . ' BOCICIUS further related that there are only two other i - 

safe companies, all of tThich ^rere located in the general vicinity - 

of the Diebold office in New York, and NICHOIS nay have contacted ^ 

one of these organizations concerning his reduced writing instrument, •; 

He identified those as the Mosler Safe Company, located at Fifth 
Avenue and 33rd Street, Now York, and the Marvin Safe Company, New 
York,.*:.* ■ . • ^ • ' — — - 



\V 




: - '■* fl,^ X , 




M 

•■t-d.. -i 
*..v C ' . 


Jb :. * *. 


%y'2,‘;\ . ■" 


W;:-- - 






-CV. F.' 0...r.. 

:• |5-29i3: 


;j)!iINISTR.\TIVE 


•“• e*' ' Fpj. the infomation of the New Haven Office, THOM/iS L. BL/iCK, 

an admitted Soviet espionage 'igcnt, has advised that he was instructed 

, by his superior, PAUL PETERSEN, in 1935 to locate one NICHOLS 

■ (phonetic) in East Rutherford, New Jersey and re-establish contact r/ith C 
\him. - PETERSEN described NICHOLS as a metallurgist and a graduate of ' ^ 

Massachusetts Institute of Technoioj^, who -had -previously given 
valuable “information to the Sn^^ts. . It is BL/iCK's recollection that . 
PETERSEN told him that HICHCIS ^d a hobby of microscopy and may have , 
'.vtutored Russian students at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

LIM/tN NICHOI^ is presently being considerod as a possible suspect 
for' the uhknovm subject NICHOLS, although investigation has reflected 
‘.that he did not attend ilassachusetts Institute of Technology, nor has - 
\j-it .been .developed that ho had any interest in metallurgy* - 


LEADS 1- ‘ r 1. 


y>' 


NEV? H.\VEN ''-. 


At Norwalk. Connecticut 




r'. ; . 


•H'-'i "S' 

. “t */•*. -■ ^ 


»t. 


\ st. J 


- r ' . 1; 


.V- <■ ’Jill contact VERN PPu'.TT, Silver Mine, Connecticut, and 
ascertain if he was acquainted T.lth LYM/il NICH0I5 or if he knew of - 
any negotiations In approximately 1940 concerning a reduced writing 
instrument based on microscopic v/ritings, - 


' h-V' «5.LA4i-- .J-S'r 




• " : . At Now Y ork. New York •'■ * ' 

■ Will contact PJlNDY FREER and GEORGE LEACH, employees, 

■ Diebola Company, New York sales office, and former employees of the 
York Safe Company, to ascertain if they recall any negotiations 
between LjfiL'JJ NICHOLS and the York Safe Company concerning a reduced 
writing instrument based on microscopic writings. , . 


■ Will contact officials of the liarvin Safe Company and the 
Mpsler Safe Company to determine if LYlLJi NICHOLS over contacted them 
^ga^d^ng-.a reduced writing instrument in approximately 1940,. ^ 

' REF^NCE r" Report' of . SA 'RICILUUrArMINIH.'JJ, 2-26-53," NewTorkT"^”^ '■ 




. -•> ■ > ■ ■ 


./• - -3 ‘A' A A' 




FD-Ttt 


FEDERAL^UREAU OF INVeOtIGATION 

' T i > NEWARK r ■ - ' • Fv^vrs^rM; 


rOKM MO. 1 f, 

THIS CASS OlUaiMATSD AT 






REPORT MADE AT 

eyVELAND 7 ; •- ' 

DATE WHEN 
MADE 

■4/30/53 

PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE 

. 3-26;4-20-53 

REPORT MADE RT 

. KARi'LD E. l^IDA inrd 

TITLl ■’ S ' 

■■f NICHOIS, East Rutherford ^ New Jersevf 

* ^ , THOxiAS Le BLACK a' Informant * !. “ -<;•- » *:v.; / 

CHAitACTEIt or CASa . y 

ESPIONACffi - R -V. ■ •'' 

A * • ■ , , t ^ a ' 


SYNOPSIS pF FACTSr. • CEORGS BOCKIUS, President, Diebold Co,,' ' 

'♦ ' ?■'/■-■.•. Inc,, Canton, Ohio, 'advised company 

‘ files contain no record of negotiations ' 

V KICK0L5# Kor do records reflect 

iftT ^ -';v by the name of BAUER in the N^t ■; '• 

office. BOCKIUS does not re call - any 
negotiations relating to “micro sharp, •• 
,.v,y4>v^, i~ Former employees of the York Safe Co., ' ' 

<*F"k New York, are nowin Diebold 's employ 

-Vv ■' V*'— ■”, '-.at the New York office. ' = ■'• - . 


? . DETAILS: 


. . j5 ^ .4» _ . ;; 


-.• , -r- Vr- • -''V : 

’■ ' ' ■'. *•' •f- 

> ..v'. f A - V j. 

■ "■' V»; ,, '5v,T 


'•‘J.- •■ -' R U cv - 




" ■, ■-■'I 


At Canton. Ohio' ';.i:= 


'*- - L *'kZ.** — */ ♦* 


(SiORGS BOCKIUS, President, Diebold Company, ' 
Incorporated, S18 Mulberry Road, S.E,, 
advised that the company's negotiation file 
only dates back to 1948 and there is no 
information contained therein concerning 
“micro sharp" or a reduced writing instrument,-, 
nor was there any record of negotiations . 

■ conducted with lYIA/iN NICHOIS. BOCKIUS 
related that the Diebold Company did not.-.'-v. 
iybecome interested Ih microfilming until 
-l943,'^and VERN'PRATT,''wh6 wa's a former Diebold'^- 




-x---. i i. developed this technique for'the • ' ■,•■ 

:/:■•■ ’:-i; tv;' 4;, ' company. ^ ■ '■ 

.t ■ *■ disclosed that PRATT is novr retired * ' ’ 

— ^ Slid. T*f^ S 1 d P a't’# SI IvPY* MS no f?nnnop»+'4 


APPfK>VEX> AND 
FORWAftDCOi 


SrVClAL AOENT 
IN CHARGE 


DO NOT WRITE IN THESE BRACES 



. 'tS^urei ( 65-59395 ) (RM) - 
2 New l^rk (65-15474) (RM) ' ■ 
2 New Haven’ (RM) 




PROf%EXYv€teif^lf65’hi^4d>)fidential report and its contents are loaned to you by the FBI and are not to be 

'Ar-^t . distributed outside of agency to which loaned. v •". •• . t. ’ . 

Atv -- '■ . . ® •' _ . ■i ^ 

• .'V ■ ’ 'Vn- «. t< aanmnn mmai wnea la WWIT-I f ' . i‘ •'■ '■ 

' .“•■•• ■, ■: • - . 







FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


KEWARK, NEW JERSEY 


OATV WHKN ( PCitlOO TOM WHICH MAOC 


ftipoirr MAOS av 


NEW hIvEN, COKM. 6 / 5 T 53 6 / 1/53 FRANCIS X. MC BRIDE FXM: 


• UWKNOV/N SUBJECT; _;mCHOLS, 

East Ruth^ford, ■ New Jersey; 

THOMAS L/ -'BLACK, Informant 


CHARACmt or CASS 


EXPIOK’AGE - R 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTS: 


Identity of LYI-lAl^ NICHOLS unknovm to VERNEUR E. PRATT of 
Norwalk, Conn., developer of microfilming technique. PRATT, 
a former employee of Diebold Co,, Inc., has no knov/ledge of - - 
any negotiations had with Diebold or any other company concern- 
ing a reduced writing instrument based on microscopic writings, 


- RUC - 


DETAILS: 


'^5- 


GEORGE BOCKIUS, President, Diebold Company, Incorporated, 
SIS Mulberry Road, S. E., Canton, Ohio, has advised that VERl'J. 


PRATT, a former employee of Diebold, who developed the micro-. 


filming technique for Diebold, has a wide acquaintance among 
people in the microscopic field and might possibly knoiv suspect 
LYI4AIKI5ICHOLS. . . 


On June 1,' 1953, VERNEUR E. PRATT, 1S6 Perry Avenue, 

.- >Silv ermine, Norv;alk, Connecticut, a retired, business executive, 
informed .Special Agent HUGO P.' BLAKDORI and^the writer that the . 

’"^ identity of LYi-JiN NICHOLS v/as unknovm. I-i',’ PRATT, a former 
* employee of Diebold Company, Incorporated, in addition explained 
that he had no knowledge of any negotiations had v/ith Diebond / \ 
or any other company concerning a reduced writing instrument • ■ j 
based on microscopic writings. Mr. PRATT recalled that v/hile 
employed with Diebold .between the years 1934 and 193S, a Mr. 
BENNETT F. TERRY, a dhemist ..and a former employee of International 


AFPi^OVCO AWO 
FORWAltDCD: 


CIAL AacmT, 
m CMMjmin 


00 NOT WRrrC IN THi 




. ts -l Bureau (65-59395) (RM) , 1 ^"', "/ 

3 ‘-f Newark *(65-4116) (RM) , i jun. R\J9Si f\ 

, 1 - New York (Info) (65-15474) (RM)?!! \ 

;vy 2 - New Haven (65-1446) ^ 1/'^ 

.vi!! P 

PROPCRTY or FBI-miS CORriDEHTUl REPORT ARD ITS CONTENTS ^R£,lOANEq.Tp,yO\t^,i.;THE fBl.AND.ARE 
AfiEMCY TO WHICH lOANED. ^ ^ U.L.lJlW: 


'^1 - 




BPTtf.'Pf? 


■. A — W tl »M£llT 


Nptlf 66>I 

TOSS 












KH 65-1446 . 

a ' . I • : 

ha|i reduced the Lord's Prayer by use of a panograph and a cutting 
difmond and had placed same on a microslide with result that it 
was not possible to see the Prayer on the slide unless it was 
examined under a microscope. Mr. PilATT was unable to recall the 
name of the individual but indicated that possibly Mr, TLRRY might 
furnish additional information. 


On June 1, 1953, Mr. 
Drive, Stamford, Connecticut, 
incident "when he had exhibited 


BEMNETT F. TERRY, 44 Davenport 
advised that he recalled the 
- a slide to VEHI^EUR E.. PRATT 


which contained the Lord’s Prayer after same had been reduced by 
means of a panograph and a cutting diamond to a point where it 
was invisible to the. human eye. Mr. TERRY stated that the pierson 
who had reduced the Prayer .v;as an individual whose name v;as 
either MC CRAY (phonetic) or MC CUKE (phonetic), who is now 
deceased and who was at the time, from the period 1934 to 1938, 
an old man who resided near Albany, Nev/ York, Mr. TERRY stated 
that the name LYMAN NICHOLS was certainly not familiar to him, 
and he was unable to furnish any pertinent information relating 
to subject inquiry. 




2 



NH *65-1446 



ADMINISTRATIVE 

LEAD 


One copy of instant report has been furnished to the 
Nev/ York Division for information, as the New York Office cur- 
rently has leads outstanding within that territory. 


REFERENCE; Report of Special Agent HAROLD E. WEIDA dated - 
April 30, 1953 > at Cleveland, Ohio 


a 







FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 




iMHMrr.MAd ATVUsC’i^- 
.ji^WTOi'icpiiTi^r'v 



fSJtlOO FOft WHICH IdAOC ' 


- jT* ^F> - i** %^. y^ ^ /; . % 


■■ V.KUaciS 2/=lB.BRIIlS .t'-OTij 


riiCHKBOVM /^OBJKCT ; T ricK^LS /•?; 


CMAIIACTBR or CACt 




VEa at Itutbarf ord j : ti ew Jersey i ^ v>^ ■; -EXPIQIiAQE < “ 

^THOWAS^Xv '.BLACK ,..;infor«cnt ' W jj;,' 




Identi^of VIKB^T>'^E. mTT of 

: -KorfcialJt, ,.Conn*V~'<^^v^oper of plerofllaing tecbalquo* PRATT,'^:- i' ?. 
0 fopjKsr emplojoe of BleboXd Co*. Inc*; has xjo knowledge of ?' 

> any/nogotiatlona-had -with riobold or* any other company eoncem-* .' 


:^'J;;-fllalhg\technlqua' for Blabold. a'-'w^e ac<iaalnt5i;oa -aLTongV' 


^>^^SilverBlne;tHorv3alIc;'VConnootlottt;¥«iretiredi7^>U8ii;^bfl»^j!BXixutlye,’^T 

^i^clx^oraicd- Special ;Agent -flOOO fBw^BLASDQRI 'and '-the 'wrlter'^thoiHh©-?^^; 

r IdcntltypOf -Lfi-Jh BICHOLS wae unknown* .Mr^^ lTATT,-. a foroor.-.-t 
Jv,-'*. enployoo of./Dlebold Ccirpony, 'Incorporated /-In' addition laxplainod :;' 
that he hoH ho knowledge of ony^negotiatlons.hed with Dlebowl'^fl'/ ' 


• or nny, other -ooatpany' concerning a reduced writing dnstruoent 
i^..: baaed on microscopic writings* v recalled tliat while'/, 

vC;* employed with Blob old between the yerrs .1934 end 193d, a Mr*-/'.’’ 
BSIxMETT-P. TKP.RT, 8 Chemist and ft former employee of International 



PROPEm OF FBI-THtS CONFIDENTIAL REPOar AND ITS CONTENTS AHE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ABE HOT TO BE OISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE 07 




saJhi.w n 









fOWM ho. 4 


Office ISAjemMindum • 


:ifiL 


UNITED STA^S GOVERNMENT 


DIRECTOR. FBI (6^-59395) 


SAC, NEWARK (65-iai6) 


DATB: 6/6/53 


SUBJECT: 




^NICHOLS, East Rutherford, N. J.; 

THOMS L. BLACK, Informant 
ES PIONAGE - R 

^rep of SA HAROLD E. WEIDA, 14./30/53* Cleveland, 0< 


A review of the above-captioned file In this case 
reflects all logical invesirigaticn has been conducted in an effort 
^to identif^ the Unknown Subject having the lest name NICHOLS, whom 
Aj . THOMAS LJ^LACK^as advised he was instructed to contact by his 
^superiorij PAUD/PETE^ON, In 1935»i!!.T^b Is noted that with the . 
exception of 1/Hi‘lATjywlCKOLS , who formerly resided In Nutley, N . J . , 
and »dio presently /resides in the vicinity of Denver, Colo., none* 
of the persons investigated have in any way fit the background 
information which was furnished by BLACK. 

Prom information furnished by BLACK, ^NICHOLS was 

supposedly a metallurgist, a graduate of the Hass. Institute of 
Technology and had a hobby of microscopy. Investigation to date 
fails to reflect that LYHAN NICHOLS was a metallurgist and there 
is.no indication that he has had a college education. 

The only leads presently outstanding in this case were 
set forth in referenced report for the New Haven and New York 
Offices. In the event these leads prove unproductive, no further 
investigation is contemplated by this office. 

The New York and Now Haven Offices are requested to 
- expedite coverage of leads as set forth’in referenced report in - ^ 
»order that this case maybe brought to a logical conclusion, 

REGISTERED MAIL ' ' ’ ' 


New Haven (REGISTERED MAIL) 

New York (65-15474) (REGISTERED MAIL) 


SEC:mp 


RLCOiiDED • 106 

ikd:::£d -loo 




tJUN 10 1953 


A 

5 5 JUN 2 5 1953 



FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Form No. 1 

This cabs ouniNATBS at NEMIRE 


gieniil,'* •- C®ii2toil!vr 


““f 

lOM 


OATC WHIM . miOO ^om WHICH MADt MfiPOfTT MADt BY 

MADE I 

.6/^53 6/23/53 [ RICHAS) A. KQUHAN 


UNKNOWN SUBJECT; 


SHCHOLS, 


East^Rutherford, New Jersey; 
THOMAS L.(jUCK,*Inf6rBaiit 


cHAiucmo.cMa 


ESPIONAGE - R 


BEIAILSi 


SYNOPSIS OF PACTS! ■ ptfJ TJY v vvm . Diebold Ce*^ KTC, has no recollection 

of LYMAN NICHOLS or a reduced writing instromant. 

No pertinent Information developed to date at 
Marvin Safe Co«« or Hosier Safe Co. 

- P - 

BEIAILSi >lr. RANDY FREBl> Dlebold Coopany, 2 Vest U5th Street, New York, 

N.Y.j advised that he had no recollection of any negotiations 
concerning a reduced writing instrument and LYMANrmCHOLS. He^' 
further advised that he knew of no individual associated with the eospany now or ' 
in the past named BAUES. He stated that Mr. ELMER NELSON was presently in Europe 
and due to return in July and Mr. GEORGE L^CH was out of the city travelling. 

Be thought that these Individuals would possess some knowledge of NICHOLS if he 
had contacted Dlebold Co. 

1 

Mr. PERCY H. HCN7LAND, Haring, Hall & Marvin Safe Coitpany, 

22 West 32nd Street, Mew York, N.Y., advised that he was enployed by the conpany 
in 19i^ at which time the coopany offices were located at 137 Varick Street, New 
York City. He stated that he has no recollection of any negotiations concerning 
a reduced writing Instrument or of any individual named LYMAN NICHOLS. He stated 
tb&t the conpany records are maintained by^Mr. WARREN MDSMAN, Haring, Hall & Marvin 
Safe Co., Hamilton, Ohio, and that Mr. >S)SMAH was associated with the conpany In' ' 
New York City in 19iA) snd would possibly recall NICHOLS if he had contacted the 
conpany. 

Mr. HARCU) MORTON, Ifosler Safe Conpany, 320 Fifth Avenue, New 
York, N.Y., advised that the only individual who would be in a position to recall 
LYMAN NICHOLS of a reduced writing instrument was Mr. JOHN MOSUER who was presently 
travelling on a business trip tmd due to return to New York City in July. 


\sm 














N|6$-15U7U 

. ADMINISIRATIVE 

For the information of tba Cincinnati Offlca^^QMAS L. BLACK, 
an admitted Soviet espionage agents has advised that be vas instructed 
his superior, PAUL PETERSEN, in 193^ to locate one N ICHOLS 

(phonetic) in East Rutherford, Nev Jersey, and re-establish contact with 
him* PETERSEN described NICHOLS as a metallurgist and a graduate of 
Hassachusetts Institute of Technology, tdio had previously given valuable 
information to the Soviets* It is BLACK^S recollection that PETERSEN 
told him ttot NICNDLS ted a hobby of micr^oscopy and nay have tutored 
Russian students at Massachusetts IDistitute of Tecbnolog;^ LIMAN NICHOLS 
is presently being considered as a possible suspect for ite unknown subject 
NICHOLS, although investigation has reflected that he did not attend MIT, 
nor has it been devdoped that he had any interest in metallurgy* 

LEADS 

CINCINNATI ‘ ' 

At Cincinnati* Ohio 

Cincinnati vlll contact Mr. WARREN MOSMAN, Haring, Hall & Marvin 
Safe Company, Hamilton, Ohio, and interview him concerning any Imovledge he 
night have concerning one LIMAN NICHOLS who contacted an individual at a 
safe coBpany in New lork City in 19lj0« end attenpted to arrange for the 
sale of a reduced writing instrument based on microscopic writings* 

Will review any available eonpat^ records for information 
concerning LIMAN NICHOLS* 


NEW YORK 




At New fork Ci1 


Will interview Mr* EIMER NELSON and Mr, CECRGE LEACH, Diebold 
Safe Conpany, New York City, upon their return* 

Will interview Mr* JOHN MOSLER, Hosier Safe Coopany, tpon his 
return to New York City* 


REFERENCE: 


Report of SA Harold £* Weida at Cleveland, l|/30/53* 


2 


^ V 


This case omotHATCD at 


FEDERAL BUREAU Of. 


\-n-m 


rctoutmab^t 


Mt« «VMn< fdtlOO rat WKICN MAD* 

MAO* 


S3 I 6/23/$3 


BNKROHIS SUBJECT} 

East Eatlisrfardf Hev Jersey} 
TBQSttS L. BUCK, Xnfomnt 


ttlCmSD A. MSHHAS 


CMAIIACTBt CAM 


SSPIOHAOS - B 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTBi i 

... \ B4SBr FBEck^ Cisbold Co.j BICf bae-ao^eoHDOtisn 

° * . ot LIM&H VICBOLS or a rsdneod writing instnmBnt* ’ 

.in. No pertinent information developed to date at 

Karvin Safe Co.^ or Nosier Safe Co* 

V .■ -p- 




SSZAZLSi \ . lb>* BAND! fB£ES» Blebold Coapaoj, 2 West li5th Street, Nov York, 

N*T*i advised that be bad no recoUeetlon of aqp negotiations 
eonceroing a reduced writing Instrument and IZKAS NICHOLS. Be 
further adrlsed that he hnsv of no indivldnal associated with the eospanp now or % 
in tin past named BAUER* Be stated that Mr* ELMER NELSON was presently in Europe 
and due to return in July and Mr* GBCfiOB LEACB was out of the city travailing. 

He thou^t that these individualB vould possess some knoidledgs of NICHDLS if be 
bad oontaoted Blebold Co* 

* :*V • k r ' ' ^ 

Mr* VERCI Bn BOULABD^ Earing^ Hall L Karrln Safe Ootqpaoyj 
22 West 32nd Street, Nev York, N*Y*, advised that he vas eBploped by the ooapany 
In 19lA) at vhioh time the eoq;)any offioea vere located at 137 Ysridk Street, Nev 
Yoz^ City* Be stated that ha has no reeoUaetion of axy negotiations eoncerning 
a reduced vritlng iBstmmsnt or of aiy individual named LZMAN HICBOLS*,- Be stated 
that the 001:9807 records are maintained ty Mr* VABRSB NDSMAB, Baring, Hall A Marvin. 
Safe Co*, Hamilton, Ohio, and that Mr* HOSMAN vas assodated with the corpany in 
Hev-York 6lty in 19l}0 and vould possibly recall NICHDLS if be had contacted the 
ooBpaqy* 

Mr* HAROLD MOEION, Hosier Safe Coipany, 320 Fifth Avenue, Nev 
York, N*Y., advised that the only Indivldnal. who vould be in a position to recall 
LTMAN NICHDLS or a reduced vritlng instrument vas Mr* JOHN MDSLER vho vas presently 
travelling on a buaineea trip and due to return to Nev York City in July* 


APTROVCO AND 
PORWANOED: 


OJ'aCIAk A&KMT 

IM Cha»«OC 


DO NOT WRITS }N THESE SPACCS 


i t 


COPIES or THIS REPORT 






©Bureal (6^$9^9$) (RM) 
2 Nev York (65-l$U7k) 


PROPERTY OF FBI-THIS CONFIDEHTIAL REPORT AND ITS CONHaTS 
AGENCY TO WHICH LOANED. 







Office WLemofj^idufn • united government 


rjk.\jsn. ^ 

I 

i 

SIJBJbCT: 


pI. 


Director« iBI 


S&Cj Nswark 


(65-59395) 


(65-4116) 


DATE; July 22, 1953 


'‘V. I, 

*///’■ 


sOTjBCf: A nCHOlS. East Butharfoitl, B.J.j ‘ 

IHQUAS L^IACK, Informant, 
y,; Espionage - R /^/JT 

Re report of Special Agent HAROIi) E. KEIDA dated 4^30-53> at 
Cleveland, and Neeark letter to Bureau dated June 8, 1953* 

Inasnnich as llie only outstanding leads in tliis matter, as set 
out in referenced report, request investigation in the New York Division, it 
is req^xested that these leads be expedited in order that this case can be 
brought to a logical conolnsion* 


RasISTERED MAIL 

1-00 Hew York (65-15474) 
rbqistered mail « 

BETiUHM 


0 .I.R .4 





I AIR-TEL J 

^%DERAL bureau OF XNVESTICATIOH V 


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 


^ ' <2^ 



^ , I . ■ NEW YORK, 7/21/^ 3 li.f 

Tr&nsfflit the following Teletype nessage to: J^TOEAU •• ■’ ' ” 

/O «• Ij- - 

UNSUB; N icholas, isast rutherford, nj; thcmas 

INFORMANT - R. REREP SA. RICHARD A. MINIHAN 6/24/53 » NY. 


Tranemit the following Teletype nessage to: 


5UREAU 


. UNSUB; 


fICHOLAS, EAST RUTHERFORD, NJ; THCMAS L. 


OVERSIGHT NO COPIES OF REFERENCED REPORT WERE PURNlSHED NEVARK 
OFFICE. COPIES ARE BEING FORWARDED. 


BOARDMAK 


BUREAU (65-59395) (H-3GULAR MAIL) 
2 - NEWARK (65-1|116) REGULAR . MAIL 


RAM:i‘JKC (#6) 

NY 65-15474 

RECORDED-88 

\K 



^ oUL 22 





mUm 




Office yUm • UNITEITS' # ,0VER.NMENT 


. TO t Director, FBI (65-59395) 




OATHS. 7/29/53 


V.Vl^FROM 
. ,8UBJBC 


« SAC/’New York (65-15474) 


UNKN07JN SUBJECT: 


.f 


'6 


East Rutt^rford, New Jersey} 
THOMAS LyBUCK, Informant 
ESPIONAGE-R 


O ■ 

NICHOLS,; 

• ^ 


Rerep SA RICHARD A.MINIHAN, at NY, dated 6/24/53. 


Ur. ELMER NELSON and Ur. GEORGE LBRCH,- Dlebold Safe Company, 2 West 
45th St., New York, New York, advised that they had no recollection of LYUAN 
NICHOT^or a reduced writing Instrument. They further stated that they knew of 
IhaS&duaJ 


no 


Ldual associated with a safe company named BAUER, 


Ur. JOHN UOSLER, Uosler Safe Company > 320 5th Ave., New York City, 
advised that he had no recollection of LYl'AN NICHOLS, a reduced writing Instrument 
or an individual named BAUER. Ur. UOSLER inquired of all personnel presently 
with the company and associated with the company, during the pertinent pez±d , 
and advised that he wu unable to develop any information in this satter. -RU&- 


■4 


W 


pi- 









1- Newark (65-4116) 
REGISTERED UaH 




rau 


:EPW|v -r 



- 

* .L *■ 




03 AUG 7 1953, 




V. 


•tAf«&4«0 FOMM A4 




Ojfice lAemomadum 

TO : DIRECTOR, FBI (65-59395) 
f.os^ 

SAC, NEl^ARK (65^016) 




UNITED STiT^S GOVERNMENT 


DATE : . 8/4/53 


3 

SUBJEC^ UNKNOWN SUBJECT ^NICHOLS, 

East_Rutherford, New Jersey; 
THOMAS L.<^LACK, 'Inforinaiit 
)■ ESPIONAGE - R 


cc: Cincinnati 


^ Rerep SA RICHARD A. MINIHAN, New York, dated June 24, 1953. 

J' The only investigation remaining in this matter is that 

/ y|' requested in referenced reported based on leads at Cincinnati, Ohio, 

. It is requested that Cincinnati effect prompt coverage 
1 / \ p fjot this lead in order that this matter may be brought to a logical 
ti conclusion. 

X \r 

fj X- ^ Cincinnati 

jo BETtjms jj- 

^ ’ REGISTERED KAIL ^ 


jAUO i ^ 


59 ^- 7 ! 








nr u I 

III 1 I Itfl Uat<ttt>k * 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


NO. 1 

This case oriciisiated at 


NEV/ARK 


f 


:4l 


OATl WMEM 
MAOff 


8-10-53 


CINClNKAn, OHIO 

V 

UHKNOTW SUBJECTi NICHOLS, 

Ea^iJButbarf ord,.. New_J$j*soy; 
lUQHAS L* BLACK, Inforoant 


fCSlOD POA WHICH 

7-16; 8-3-53 


A vocrr MAOS ov 

ED7/ARD P. HOOAN 


UJU 


CHANACTCR er CAM • 

ESPIONAQE - B 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTBl 


WARREN UOSUAN, President, Herring, Hall, and Uarvln Safe Compai^, Hanilton, 
Ohio, advised be has no recolleotlon of anyons by the of NICHOLS or 
any reduced writing instrument* 


- RDC - 


DETAILS: 


AT HAlgLTOH. OHIO 


,« Ur* WARREN UOSIJAN, President, Herring, Hall, and Uarvln 
Safe Cos^ny, advised that he has no knowledge of actions by the name of 
NICHOLS or LIMAN NICHOLS, nor does he recall anyone contacting Him regairding 
a reduced wilting instrument* Ur* UOSIUN also advised that he could not 
recall whether hs was in Nsit York in 1940 or not, but was of the opinion 
that it wasn't until 1941, whan he was in New York* 


- BUG - 


coems oesTROYED 

ft 12 NOV 2U 1960 




OBCL. 
ON 




APPr?pr';/T' 'f^’^NCiES 
AND FIELD OFICSS 
• ■ ■ ADVISED BY ROyTINfl I 
^ ■ SIiIP(S) 01 

BATE i2/SL/> 


:-k 


. ' 



DO MOT WRITB IN TKOSS SPACC8 

Cv 

45- 5y^95- y*X 

prrnPDFn - 

COPIBB OP THIB ASPORT 

(D- Bureau (65-59395) CRMT^ 

2 -^ewark (EM) (65-1:116) . ^ 

2 - Cincinnati (65-1915) 



‘ ^ . 




AGENCy TO WHICH lOANEa ^ jTlT flj ‘ ^ ' 'IL L !'. ! ! BE I jlllVl"" — 

6 9 AUG 28 t*'* * * tonrii?i.Tn nn 


r- 






■ W ‘JP:T ^ T- Tfc' r ■ = f ' '■ f ' ^ 





wA' 


§ 




i 






!* :* «- k. * ►,'>*» 


CIN. 65-1915 


ADMINISmTIVZ PAGE 


■t : REFERENCE i.i .. . ,•• .. ..Report of SA RICHARD A. ICCNIHAN, 6-24-53, How York. 

^ , V r‘^’i ***-.'.■ ' ‘ ’ . ^-. * *“ * ^ * •» * ' 


‘?-.- 


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1 




'\4m J 0^ ^ 







FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


V<orm Ko, 1 

This CASSORIGtNATVOAT 



i 


kkjtapj: 


AT 

DATS WHEN 

miOD Pom WHICH madc 

* ^ , 

MADS 



6 - 10-53 

7 ^ 6 ; 6 - 3-53 


VmiOT^ SOQJivCTj HTCaOLS, 

East Rathsrfordf bev Jerffojri 
TiiO^AS L. HLACK^ Informant 


RTTAnD P* HOQAJ? 


CKAIIACmorCASS ' 

SSnOKAOS - S 


SYNOPSIS OP PACTSt 


rARSoH isositAl!^ Presldont^ Herring^ BoU^ and Earvin Safe Coaqsafy^ EartQtcp, 
Ohio^ advised be baa do reooUootlen of oz^do by tbe moo of EICHCLS' or 
ojy rodneed writing Instnstent* 

- RDC - - - 


DBIAXISl 


AT HAlCrLTOB, OlCtO 


C Kr* TAIUtS CDSUABj Pxwsldent^ HorrltCs Hall^ and Barvin 
Safe Cjc^by^ edvioed that bo baa no knosledgo of anyons by the naiae of 
BXCHOIS or LY:iae nrCfiOLSf nor does ho recall onyono eontaotlng bln roi^ardlng 
a reduced writing Instmsienu* !ir« UOSUAB also advised that he eould rat 
recall whether be waa in Saw Tork In 1940 or not, but was of the opinion 
it «aan*t Dotll 1941 , when bo waa in Vow lork* 


- RX: - 


CBdASmSD Vf 




AFPROVeO AND 
rOfrWARDSO: 


firCClAC AOCNT 

IM CHAROC 


copm THIS MMirr 


|0- BDswaai (65-59395) (8U) 
2 •’’foaark (BS) ( 65 -I 4 II 6 ) 
2 - Clneitmtl ( 65 - 1915 ) 


DO NOT WRITS IN THESS SPACES 



'v ■ PROFEffTY OF FBl-nHS CORFIDEIinAL BEPOBT AND ITS CONTENTS ABE LOANED TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ABE NOT TO BE OISTBIBUTEO OUTSIDE Of 
AGENCY TO WHICH LOANED. - 

. it •. A «B«MieNr¥ wcTiMACnca ilftrSMiA-* - V « - 1 ^ ^ «• o noi • a*i 

liKjllli I l.» Cli.fICdTIAL 







* ^ k k t 4 t > w' « '1 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Form No. 1 

This case orioinatbd at NETTARK 


r IftAoi AT « . 

‘ ^NTf/ARK 


CATS WHIM 


PVtlOO FM WHICH 1 


8/18/53 I 8/llj/53 


BLAKE E. TURNER 


CHARACTER or CAO 


U\?KNpET4 SUBJECT; NICHOLS, ESPIONAGE - R 

East Rutherford, TKOMIaS L* BLACK, Inf ormaj it 


SYNOPSIS OP FACTS: 


ELMIR VULSON and GEORGE LIP.CH of the Diebold Safe Co., New York City, 
N.Y,, and JOrDI MOSLER, Hosier Safe Co., New York City, state they have 
no recollecticn of LY^’i NICHOLS or a reduced writing instrument. 

- C - 


deta]^: ' 

Mr. EDiZR NEISON .and Mr, GEORGE LIRCH, Diebold Safe Co., 2 U5th St., 
New York City, N.Y. , • advised they had no recollecticn of LYMUj^'ICKOLS 
or a reduced writing instrument. ' 

Mr. JCIiN JIOoLcR, Hosier Safe Co., 320 5th Ave., New York City, N.Y. 
advised that he had no recollection of LYMAN NICHOLS or a reduced 
writing instrument. MOSLER also made inquiry of all personnel presently 
with the company and those who were associated with the company during 
the pertinent period and said he was unable to develop any information 
concerning this matter. 




■_ c 


? PESTROYED 

. R 12 NOV 

V ' ^ 


OfCLA< 

WJjJ 


APPRf^PKI •''TnCIES 
ANDFIEltOFFICBS “f 
Al:VI?ED PVROUTINO . .'1 
SLIP ( SJ 

DAT E V ^ 

lY _ 


DO NOT WRm IN THESE SPACES 


COPIES OF THIS REPORT 


^Bureau (65-59395) (REG'/ VAI 
1 -'New York (P!P0) (65-l5ii7U)( 
3 - Newark (65-Iill6) 





iNuEX£D-45 


4-- .. . Jie 



NtOPERTY OF f BI-THIS CONFIOtllTIAl. gEPOST AID ITS CONTCITS ABE LOANED TO VOU BY THE FBI AID ABE lOT TO BE OISTBIBUtCD OUTSIDE OF 
^ AGENCY TO WHICH lOAHEO. ■ ' 

•. k Mvn.wrt MI.TIM »frUt 11 Kill". 








I 



NK 65-iill6 


. .r 

f-f J 

“’^V >U- .V 






ADX'INISmATIVE PAOE 


‘ One copy'of this reoort-ls being furnished to New York_ since ‘it 
sv'j ' * covers investigation conducted by that office. 


r*.' "> 

<‘*4 , 



. 'I 

■7-; 


REFfRINCE: New York letter to Bureau and Newark 7/29/53« 


Report of SA RICH/tPD A. MINIHAW 6/2h/53 at New York, 
Report of SA EDWARD P. HOGAN 8/10/53 at Cincinnati. 







2 




(. t V 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


i^tinn No. 1 

This case oftidiNATn at 


NHTARI 


itiroirrMAOCAT . 

ii 


GATE WKIM 
»«AOC 

FCRIOD FOR WHIGH MAOS 

ASPOlir lAAfiS sv 


NFKARK 


8/18/53 

8 /II 4/53 

BLAKF E. TDRNHl 

ab 

TITLN 




CHARACTDI or CASS 

. 

•IINKTOV/N SV’BJFCTi 



NICHOLS, 

ESPIOHAOE • R 


East Rutherford, 

N. 

.J.l THOMAS L. BLACK, Informal 

it 



SYNOPSIS OP PACTS: . 


EUD8 WILSON and OfOROE LF.7CH of the Dlebold Safe Co*« New York 
N.Y.j and JOHN VOSLER^ Uoaler Safe Co.y New York City* state they have 
no recoUeeticn of LYN/Ul NICHOLS or a reduced writing instrument. 


DETAILSi '' : ■ ‘ • 

Ur. EUflR NEI^N and. Mr. OEOBQE LERCH, Dlebold Safe Co., 2 W. USth St., 
New York City* N.Y., advised they had no recoUeetirn of LYUAN NICHOLS 
or a reduced writing Instrum^t. 

Mr. JOHN UOSLEH, Hosier Safe Co., 320 5th Ave., New York City, N.Y. 
advised that he had no recollection of LYlfAN NICHOLS or a reduced 
writing instrument. l^SLIR also made Inquiry of all personnel presently 
with the company and those who were associated with the company during 
the pertinent period and said he was unable to develop any infoxmat^n 
concerning this matter. 





- 13 ^ 


BBCLASSiriOiX. 

ON ahgf7g, ji 




A^ROVCD AND 
FORWARDCDi 


•MCIAI. AoemT 

tM C*tAM» I 


coRin or THIS Rcpom . 


(^-’’Bureau (65-59395) (RuO. VAi; 
1 - New York (BIPO) (65-l5U7li) 0 
3 - Newark (6^14116) 



PROPCm OF FBI-mS CONFIDCnriAl REPORT AHD ITS C0NTEMT8 ARE LOAHED TO YOU BY THE FBI AND ABE BOf TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUTSIDE OF 
AGENCY TO WHICH LOANEa 

9 . a. aowrawwnn sujmM orwicf It — 





Ojfice I\/Lemo1^ndum • united st®es government 


TO ^DIRECTOR, FBI (65-59395) oate: 8/18/53 • 

FROM : SAC Nn-;ARK (65-lill6) 

SUBJEC^: UNStB: ^NTC'OLS, 

E. Rutherford , N.J.j • . . • 

THOy/>S l£) 3LACK, Informant 
ESPF'NAGE - R 

' Attached are copies of report of SA BLAKE E. TIRNIR dated 8/18/53 

at Newark, 

A review of this file reflects that all outstanding leads 
have been covered and no further investigation remains to be conducted. 

Inasmuch as investigation has failed to identify definitely 
the unknown subject and since all lo.^ical investigation has been 
conducted, this case is being closed, 

REO. MAT.L 


End, 5 




cci New York (65-l5it7U)(Ehcl» 1) (RBG. MIL) 


/ 1 / 

b • 


BET:ab 


A 

if' i 








SAC, 1/ewarH (6S-41iQ) 


Septembar 4* 19S3t 


RECORDED 


* . r.v 


recto r, ,TBI ( 6S"B939S)"^. 

’.^'‘VBKNOVP SUBJECT, wci 

Biohola, East Rutherford, Sem Jersey; 
Thomas L, Black, Irformant 
ESPIONAGE - B 












* 'T*lB«a 

L«dd 

. Nidi®J«* 

BtImmi 

■ ^ CUtf 

— 4^ 

* ' HtBo - 
^ Rabt* 

* ' Tracf 

Ccmfcy 

Uskt 

ViMrrrvwd « 
' l«lc. Rom . 
HoUomo — 

Km 

UiuCoodir. 


. y 1 ' SeNewarklet and the closing report of. 

.^Z-^SA Slake., S, Turner dated 6r.l^»S3,:lat Newark f :,. : ■ ^ ■ it/ 

i. - <»**. * '* * ' *" . > * 

The Bureau agrees that this ease should be 
closed; however, before this case is placed in a closed 
status, Newark is instructed to submit a memorandum for . 
the ^'Unsolved Situations'' file. The memorandum should 
bear the same caption as instant memorandum; however, 

... the words -"Unsolved Situations" should be added to the 
' title -and the Bureau file number should be designated 
■as 65~S7771, The memorandum should contain a brief summary- 
. of Black’s, allegation in this. matter. There should also 
be set out a brief resume of the 'facts concerning the 
chief suspect developed, namely, Lyman Nichols, 

■ Trom a review of Bureau files in this matter, it 
appears that Lyman Nichols could have been the individual 
. Black „wa.a.ment to. see in. East Rutherford, New Jersey, .. 

. ' ; 4 . ^ ^ ' V . ' ; 

; . -v- ’ . \ .{ Rerep SA William E, Robinson dated 12^6^S2, at. 

iienver,^, Re rep reflects that' Lyman Nichols admitted to ' 
Bureau'agents that in 1937 or 1938, he called at the Amtorg 
Trading Corporation, New fork City, and exhibited to Amtorg. 
.officials his process of microscopic writing and that the 
" Amtorg off icials advised him that they were referring' the — '~ 
matter to the Russian Ambassador, Washington, D, C, Nichols 
advised that he was later advised that the Russians were 
not interested in his process because it was not developed 
by their own intelligence agency. It should be. noted, as 
pointed out in Bulet to Newark IR^l^^SB, that Xi/man Nichols 
advised Bureau agents in 1941 that he had offered to sell 
•his re'duced writing equipment to Amtorg sometime prior.to 
1941, Nichols first offered to sell his reduced writing 
equipment to the U,S, Army and the U,3, Navy and -has also 


4 :.co - .2 * , New York (85^15474) ■--- 

- -' i ■* V *^-?4 h 4 . - 4 ‘ ‘ 

. . EFLi bib * I • 4 -• ' 1 , 


t 





SEP 4 1953 

MAILED 27 


l> 

vyi 




^ ^ V. 



‘ . c/fered. to eeli to the TBI» from the information dovoiopod 
to date 00 no erning Lyman Ifiohola, it oppoara that hie intent 
-jj v. > to eeU the reduced writing equipment to Aatorg me motivated 

"entirely by ftnanoial reaeona. No aubveraive derogatory inform ^ 
nation wae developed on Lyman Nichole during the inveatigation* 

\ 

Although Lyman P^ohola doee not fit aone of the 
V qualifioationa of the unKnoum aubjeot aa act out by Blaok 

and further due to the ^raat length of time eince the events a 
tranapired^ it is believed that Lyman Niohola could very well 
- have been ‘the individual to be contacted by Blache Since no ' 

: . positive oonoluaion oan be reached aa to the exact identity : ' 

of the individual to be contacted by Black, the above^requea bed 
"l' ' memorandum ahould be aubnitted by Nemrk for the '‘Vnaolved 

Situations" file t 



T T ^ 


mndum • 


i®! 


Office AiefWf ^ f24UM ♦ united states goveenment 

I J)IRICTOR, FBI (65-57771; 10/2/53 


TO 



SAC, NEWARK (65-New) 


SUBJBCT: b^^KI^O'AN subject, wa. 


licholB, East Rutherford, New Jers^; 
raOUAS L. BUCK -Infomant 
ESPIONAGE - 7i 
"UNSOLVED SITUATICNS" 


THQUAS LESSIN^/^^iACK, self-confessed former Soviet espionage 


► 


agent, advised Agents of the Philadelphia Office that in about 1935 
his Soviet superior, whom he knew as PAyif^ETERSB'], instructed him to 
locate a nan named NICHOLS idio lived in East Rutherford, N.J., and re- 
estabUsb contact with him, PETERSEN told BLACK that NICHOLS was a 
metallurgist who had graduated frran the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology* PETERSEN also stated that NICHOLS had formerly furnished 
information of considerable value to the Soviets, BLACK was to locate 
NICHOI^, become acquainted with him, and then report the coninct back to 
PSTERSEM for further instructions. 


BLACK recalled that NICHOLS had a hobby of microscopy. He also 
had the impression that NICHOIS may have tutored students at MIT although 
he had nothing definite on which to base this impression. 






BLACK stated he made no serious effort to locate NICHOLS and 
had no contact with him, although he had some recollection of having ■ 
located NICHOLS' name in a Rutherford directory* At his next meeting with 
PETERSEN, BLACK reported be had been unable to locate or contact NICHOLS* 
PETERSEN said he was certain NICHOLS bas in East Rutherford, N.J. j^d that 
''he would take care of the assignment in some other manner* BLACK could 
JUrnish no further information ccnceming NICHOLS* 


4 

r 


N 





v- [■ 


Ejchaustive investigation was conducted in an effort to identify 
the individual named NICHOLS, whom BLACK was supposed to have contacted, 
but no positive Identification could be made on the basis of the information 


i 

V;. 


CC: 


( 1 ) 

( 1 ) 

( 1 ) 


Newark (65-U.16) 

Philadelphia (65-U37li)(RBG. MAIL) 
New York (65-l51j7ii)(REO. MAIL) 


registered mail 

.rr 


4 o 






•r t 
,/ 


BETtinl 



BEC0R0tl)-69 1 7 

lNDEXED-59 »95a 

HX-124 • ^ 



§ § 


NK 65-Noir , . , 

Letter to Director, fDI 

’ ■> 

vblch BLACK furnished* However, the most logical suspect developed through 
investigation was one LlUAN NICH0I3, who presently resides at Idxiderman 
Lake, Colorado* 

Investigation disclosed that LIUAN NICHOLS, 111 Vreeland Ave*, 
Nutley, N.J*, was an active member of the New fork Uicroscopical Society 
for approximately ten years prior to 1951 and was veiy interested in micro- 
meter data* As of July, I 9 I 4 O, NICHOLS maintained a complete laboratory 
in his horns, where he reportedly produced optical, ocular, and microoieter 
tools* His .occupation was said to be that of a Consulting Ehgineer* 

Investigation further developed NICHOLS had lived in Nutley, N.J. 
since at least 1932 and had always been self-employed at his residence. 

In 1937 , NICHOLS attempted to interest the FBI in a system cf 
■reduced writing*" In 19lil he attempted to sell a reduced writing instru- 
ment to the United States Army and Navy without success* He also offered 
this instrument for sale to the Amtorg Corp*, which is the North American 
representative of the various Soviet trade and Industrial organizations* 

In 19ljl NICHOLS advised FBI Agents that he was doing delicate 
work for the government on secret bombsights at his residence* 

It should be noted that THOliAS L. FLACK had previously stated 
that PAUL PETERSEN mentioned to him that the Soviets were experiwcing 
difficulty in getting information out of Germany due to the vigilance of 
■German intellig^ce* PET£RS£ZI asked BLACK, as a chemist intere&tdd in 
photography, to consider this problem ^d see if he could devise some means 
of sending information throj^ regi^nr eh8imeli^.in_such^a maimer . as., to ^ • , 
avoid detection. ’ ^ ^ ^ 

BLACK was re- interviewed 12/2/52 for any additional information 
he might have concerning this matter* He now stated that he was of the 
opinion that NICHOLS had been interested in mlcrophotograpby rather than 
microscopy* He was certain of this because he recalled PETERSEN mentioning 
the term, microphotography, and stating that BLACK could use this point of 
mutual interest in getting acquainted with NICHOl^* 

Investigation reflected that LIUAN NICHOLS moved to Linderman 
Lake, Colorado, in December, 1951, where he became self-employed in the 
field of etching glass*_ . . „ 





• * 






NK 65-New . % . 

Letter to Director, FBI " . 

?;■ , : - 

LYU3(N/ NICHOLS was Interviewed 12/L/52 at hla residence* He 
advised he was born in Trenton, N.J* on 2/1/1895# educated at the 
Newark Academy, Newark, N.J., and had lived in Nutley, N.J* practically 
all his life* He said he had never attended MIT or tutored Russian 
students* He stated that all hie life he had worked primarily with micros 
scopic etchings arid was interested in all branches of microscopy* 

NICHOI£ stated that sometime between 1937 and 1939, he was 
contacted by an official or a representative of the Diebold Safe k Lock 
Co*, of New York City, who asked him if he would be interested in selling 
his reduced writing process to the Russian government* NICHOLS was 
agreeable and thereafter he visited the offices of the Amtoi^ Corp* on 
5th Ave*, New York City, accompanied by the Diebold representative* 

NICHOLS exhibited his process upon this occasion and was subsequently 
advised by the Diebold representative that the matter had been referred 
to the Russian ^bassador* He was further informed that the l^bassador had 
rejected his process inasmuch as it had not originated within one of . 

Hussia’s own intelligence agencies* 

NICHOLS was unable to recall the names of the Diebold Representative 
or the Amtorg official to whom be demonstrated his process* He also stated 
that he knew of no Individual named PAUL PETERSEN* Additional investigation 
failed to identify the Diebold ropresentative* 

From the information developed to date concerning LYMAN NICHOLS 
it appears that his Intent to sell the reduced writing equipment to Amtorg 
-was motivated entirely by financial reasons* No subversive, derogatory 
Information was developed on LYHAN NICHOLS during the investigation* . 

Although LYMAN NICHOLS does not satisfy some of the qualifications 
of the Unknown Subject as set out by BLACK, it is believed that due to the 
great length of time since the events transpired, LIMAN NICHOLS could very 
well have been the Individual whem BLACK was to contact* However, no 
positive conclusion can be reached as to the exact identity of the indivldTial 
to be contacted by BLACK* 


- 3 - 


VTMaMkllO FOKM NOb M 

Office ^bAemo^nduTn • united sta^s government 


FROM 



director, FBI (65-59395; 


SAC, NEWARK (65-U116; 


SUBJECT: WKNOyw SUBJECT, wa, 

Vi Qiitbols,’vEa3t Rutherford, N«J. ; 
THaiAS L^>BLACK, Informant 
ESPIONAGE - R 


DATE: 10/9/53 


ReBulet 9/U/53. . ■ 

letter dated 10/2/53 the Newark Office eubnitted a letter to 
the Bureau with copies to Philadelphia and New York under above caution, 
with the added caption, “UNSOLVED SITUATIONS", (Bufile 65-57771, NKfile • 
65-U5U6). 

Please be advised that above memorandum should have been sub- 
mitted as an enclosure to Instant letter and was inadvertently sent without 
a cover letter* 

V . One copy of the memo was submitted to Philadelphia in the event 
THOiAo^^^CK, the original informant, should recall any further information 
which wwJid assist in affixing the exact identity of the individual whom he 
was instructed to contact* 

One copy of this memo was also submitted to New York in view of 
that office's interest in this matter. 

Inasmuch as this now completes all outstanding investigation in 
this matter, no further action will be taken at Newark, and this ease ls 
being placed in a, .closed status# 


cc: (1) Now York (65-15U7U) (REG. MAIL) 

(1) Philadelphia (65-U37U)(RSa. MAIL) 


' ' REGISTERED MAIL wfOOROH) • 
COPIES DESTROyED - 


3 i960 


R 12 NOV i960 iy 

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BETiml y 

€2 NOV 3 1955 ^“'^ 


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0CT1«: 1953 




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UNITED ST||^ES GOVERNMENT 


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Braniga 


DATBtOGtober 22.2953 licMi — 

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tuBjtc^UIJKNOWN SUBJECT, va 
..■iSi^NicholajSSaat Ruthe 


^Nichola,' 
THOMAS L 
ESP 10 NAG. 


Ipat Rutherford, Nejs.^jiaey 
%IJICE, INFORMANT , , i'. . 


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i;'. Thqmaa L.. Black, an admitted Soviet eapionage^ agent, : , 

['. Z adviaed that he toaa inatructed by hia auperior, Paul Petereen, . " 
yiZ^in :193S to locate one Niohola (phonetic) in Eaat'Rutherfoj^, ^. . ' : 
''Z.New Jeraey, and re-eatabliah contact with him, Peteraen- 'y - , 
Zi/deacribed Nichola aa a metallurgiat and a graduate of 

Uaaaachuaetta Institute of Technology who had previoualy given -s '. 
■\‘ valuable information to the Soviets, It was Blaches recollec- . 

tion that Peter told him that Nichola had a hobby of microscopy 
\ .’~ and may have tutored Russian students at MIT, Black never '.< 5,1 , 

located Nichola and never made contact with him. As a resulty^ 

[ fOf investigation conduct^^ and from a review of Bureau filea,^‘ 
i: ' it appears that one LymaTp**iHchols could have been the individual 
‘ Black was'^aent to see in Ea^^ Ruthe r ford j N ew Je rsey. ' lymari \: • 
Nichola was interviewed by Bureau agents on 12-4~52, and ad-'^- 
’/'■vised he has been interested in all branches of microscopic 
' work- and research. In 1937 or 1938 he offered for sale to *■-. * 

Amtorg in New York City hia process of microscopic writing. He 
}. also , offered this process to the U,S, Army, U,S, Navy and theK a 

■ FBI,’ ' Hia contacting Amtorg appears to have been motivated by // 
‘-financial reasons. No subversive derogatory info rmation was ' 

developed during-the investigation and he stated he was never I 
'/. contacted' by any person named Paul Petersen regarding hia pro- . 
.Z^Zceas, - Under; date of 10-2-S3, .Newrk, . the office of origin, - 
*? - su bmiited'' a memo randum'-iH this matter fo f .the ^’Unsolved ,Si tua- / 
tions'"'file and -by Tetter of 16-9-53,'' Newa'rk 'ddvise^d'''i‘Ke'l:d^ale ':^ 
was being, considered closed. No dissemination has been made ■ 7 . 
in this case and no opinion has been requested of the Pepart- / 
ment, .Suspect Lyman Nichola iiAon the: Security Index,- 

■ ’ ’ " ' • Although Lyman Nichols does not fit some of the *' ' * 

. qual if i cations of the unknown subject set out by Black, it is 

believed that he could very well be the individual to have been 
' ... contacted by Black, Pue to the great' length of time since ' 

the events transpired and the fact that. Black's thoughts on the 
matter now are "vague impressions," it appears that no positive i 

■ conclusion can be reached as to the exact identitjL.of thisyun-fy L 




known subject. 


J f /.: i • RECOI/MENPA TION : 

1162 NOV 3 '19531 ■ ■T'* 

trt 1 ’'..to - nave -been cowered. 


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, . jW 0 £X £0 . dft 

3IM: . RECORDS • 94 • 

In .'view of the above and since all 


0 CT 25 -.to p / 

logical leads appear 


recommended that this, case' be 


ered. closed , \ ^ 


•V. i'-.'. •> V’ 


65.-59395 
NWS: bib ti 






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